Died in 1943

Jan 1 Jenő Rejtő a Hungarian journalist, pulp fiction writer and playwright who died as a forced labourer during World War He was born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary, on March 29, 1905, and died in Evdakovo, Voronezh Oblast, Soviet Union on January 1, 1943. Despite the "pulp" nature of his writings, he is not only widely read in Hungary, but is also much appreciated by literary critics. It is a prevalent opinion that he lifted the genre to the level of serious art, and his works will long outlive him
Jan 1 Arthur Ruppin a Zionist thinker and leader. He was also one of the founders of the city of Tel Aviv, and a eugenicist credited as being "The Father Of Jewish Sociology", directing Berlin's Bureau for Jewish Statistics and Demography from 1902 to 1907. In 1926 Ruppin joined the faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and founded the sociology department. A building there is now named in his honor. His most celebrated sociological work is "The Jews In The Modern World". Ruppin was an ambiguous figure in Zionist historic memory, perhaps due to his being influenced by and practicing the same eugenicist theories that would later be used to justify the institutionalisation of Nazi anti-semitism
Jan 1 Lojze Grozde recognised as martyrdom by the Catholic Church. He was beatified on June 13, 2010
Jan 1 John Downes (sailor) a Scottish sailor who competed for the Royal Clyde Yacht Club at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 2 Léon Johnson a French sport shooter who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics, the 1912 Summer Olympics and at the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Jan 3 Walter James the fifth Premier of Western Australia and an ardent supporter of the federation movement.
Jan 3 F. M. Cornford an English classical scholar and poet; because of the similarity of his forename and his wife's, he was known to family as "FMC" and his wife Frances as "FCC".
Jan 3 Kazuo Kubokawa a Japanese astronomer.
Jan 3 Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli an Azerbaijani statesman and writer known for his novels, short stories, essays, and diaries. Evidence points to the fact that Chamanzaminli was the primary core author of the famous romance novel Ali and Nino first published in 1937 in Austria under the pen-name of Kurban Said
Jan 3 André Fauquet-Lemaître a French polo player who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 4 Nikoloz Shengelaia a Soviet Georgian film director.
Jan 4 Strašo Pindžur a Macedonian partisan who was active during World War II, and a national hero of Yugoslavia.
Jan 4 Marina Raskova a famous Soviet navigator. She later became one of over 800,000 women in the military service, founding three female air regiments which would eventually fly over 30,000 sorties in World War II
Jan 4 Mirče Acev an Macedonian organizer of the communist resistance in Vardar Macedonia during World War He graduated from the University of Belgrade's Law School.
Jan 5 George Washington Carver an American scientist, botanist, educator, and inventor. The exact day and year of his birth are unknown; he was born into slavery in Missouri, either in 1861, or January 1864
Jan 7 Nikola Tesla a Serbian American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current electricity supply system.
Jan 8 Andres Larka an Estonian military commander during the Estonian War of Independence and a politician.
Jan 8 Richard Hillary best known for his book The Last Enemy, based upon his experiences during the Battle of Britain.
Jan 8 Albert Goldthorpe an English rugby footballer from the period around 1895's schism in English rugby, which led to the formation of rugby league football around the turn of the century.
Jan 9 R. G. Collingwood an English philosopher and historian. He was born at Cartmel, Grange-over-Sands, in Lancashire, the son of the academic G. Collingwood. He was educated at Rugby School and at University College, Oxford, where he read Greats. He graduated with congratulatory first class honours and, prior to his graduation, was elected a fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford
Jan 11 Agustín Pedro Justo President of Argentina from February 20, 1932, to February 20, 1938. He was a military officer, diplomat, and politician, and was president during the Infamous Decade
Jan 12 Johann Badum a former German Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross during World War The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Jan 12 Charles Tate Regan a British ichthyologist, working mainly around the beginning of the 20th century. He did extensive work on fish classification schemes
Jan 12 Jan Campert a journalist, theater critic and writer who lived in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. During the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II Campert was arrested for aiding the Jews. He was held in the Neuengamme concentration camp, where he died
Jan 13 Sophie Taeuber-Arp a Swiss artist, painter, sculptor, and dancer. She is considered one of the most important artists of geometric abstraction of the 20th century
Jan 13 Blagoj Stračkovski a Macedonian national hero, Yugoslavian partisan who died during the World War II.
Jan 13 Else Ury a German writer and children's book author. Her best-known character is the blonde doctor's daughter Annemarie Braun, whose life from childhood to old age is told in the ten volumes of the highly successful Nesthäkchen series. The books, the six-part TV series Nesthäkchen , based on the first three volumes, as well as the new DVD edition caught the attention of millions of readers and viewers. During Ury's lifetime Nesthäkchen und der Weltkrieg , the fourth volume, was the most popular. Else Ury was a member of the German Bürgertum. She was pulled between patriotic German citizenship and Jewish cultural heritage. This situation is reflected in her writings, although the Nesthäkchen books make no references to Judaism
Jan 13 Henner Henkel a German tennis player during the 1930s. His biggest success was his singles title at the 1937 French Championships
Jan 14 Harro Schacht a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. He is credited with the sinking of 19 ships for a total of 77,143 gross register tons , including the SS Alcoa Puritan and one ship damaged of 6,561 GRT
Jan 14 Laura E. Richards an American writer. She born in Boston, Massachusetts, to a high-profile family. During her life, she wrote over 90 books, including children's, biographies, poetry, and others. A well-known children's poem for which she is noted is the literary nonsense verse Eletelephony
Jan 14 Adolf Sandberger a German musicologist and composer, with a particular interest in 16th-century music. He founded the School of Musicology at the University of Munich, where he worked as a professor of musicology from 1904 to his retirement in 1930. In addition to his academic work, Sandberger composed two operas, several choruses and some chamber and instrumental music. His Violin Sonata, Op, 10 was dedicated to Benno Walter
Jan 15 Mikhail Baranov a World War II Soviet pilot, who during the early stages of the Battle of Stalingrad became the leading Soviet ace of 1942 with 21 aerial victories. he died in an accident on 15 January 1943 while testing a Yak-1 fighter.
Jan 15 Hans-Gerrit von Stockhausen a Korvettenkapitän with the Kriegsmarine during World War He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 17 Taj al-Din al-Hasani a French-appointed Syrian leader and politician. He was born and raised into a family of Muslim scholars in Damascus. His father was Bader al-Din al-Hasani, one of the most respected Islamic scholars in the late nineteenth century
Jan 20 Viktor Pavičić a Croatian military commander who led the 369th Reinforced Croatian Infantry Regiment, which fought on the Eastern Front and was involved in the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II.
Jan 20 Mikhail Berens an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy and the White Navy during the Russian Civil War.
Jan 20 Karl Thurmann a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 20 Giacomo Benvenuti an Italian composer and musicologist. He was the son of organist Cristoforo Benvenuti and studied at the Liceo Musicale in Bologna under Luigi Torchi and Marco Enrico Bossi. In 1919 his collection of songs for voice and piano accompaniment, Canti a una voce : con accompagnamento di pianoforte, was published in Bologna. In 1922 he published a collection of 17th-century art songs entitled 35 Arie di vari autori del secolo XVII. Composer Samuel Barber studied the works of Giulio Caccini, Andrea Falconieri, and other early Italian composers under his tutelage in Milan in 1933-1934. For the Teatro dell'Opera di Roma he adapted Claudio Monteverdi's L'Orfeo for a production which premiered on 27 December 1934. The adaptation was later used for the first recording of L'Orfeo in 1939, which included a performance by the orchestra of La Scala Milan under conductor Ferrucio Calusio
Jan 20 Baron Max Wladimir von Beck an Austrian and statesman.
Jan 21 Karl Eibl a German general during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 21 Konstantinos Davakis a Greek military officer in World War He organized the Greek defensive lines during the Battle of Pindus that lead to Italian defeat in the first stage of the Greco-Italian War of 1940.
Jan 21 Aimo Cajander Kaarlo Cajander was, outside of botany, best known as Prime Minister of Finland up to the Winter War.
Jan 22 Gyula Peidl a Hungarian trade union leader and socialist politician who served briefly as the last prime minister and acting head of state of the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919.
Jan 23 Alexander Woollcott an American critic and commentator for The New Yorker magazine and a member of the Algonquin Round Table.
Jan 24 Józef Szeryński a Polish-Jewish police-colonel inspector for the Lublin district and later - during the Second World War - a commander of the Jewish Ghetto Police.
Jan 24 John Burns an English trade unionist and politician of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, particularly associated with London politics. He was a socialist and then a Liberal Member of Parliament and Minister. He was anti-alcohol and a keen sportsman. After retiring from politics, he developed an expertise in London history and coined the phrase "The Thames is liquid history". When the Liberal cabinet made a decision for war on August 2, 1914, he resigned and played no further role in politics
Jan 25 Alfred Molimard a draughts grandmaster from France.
Jan 26 Michał Kozal Polish priest , spiritual father in the seminary in Gniezno , auxiliary bishop of Włocławek , and martyr of the Second World War, killed by the Nazis in Dachau concentration camp, beatified by John Paul II in 1987.
Jan 26 Harry H. Laughlin a leading American eugenicist in the first half of the 20th century. He was the Director of the Eugenics Record Office from its inception in 1910 to its closing in 1939, and was among the most active individuals in influencing American eugenics policy, especially compulsory sterilization legislation
Jan 26 Nikolai Vavilov a prominent Russian and Soviet botanist and geneticist best known for having identified the centres of origin of cultivated plants. He devoted his life to the study and improvement of wheat, corn, and other cereal crops that sustain the global population. He was an atheist