Died in 1944

Jan 1 Edwin Lutyens known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. He designed many English country houses
Jan 1 Charles Turner (cricketer) regarded as one of the finest ever produced by Australia. Among his accomplishments were:
Jan 3 Jurgis Baltrušaitis a Lithuanian Symbolist poet and translator, who wrote his works in Lithuanian and Russian. In addition to his important contributions to Lithuanian literature, he was noted as a political activist and diplomat. Himself one of the foremost exponents of iconology, he was the father of art historian and critic Jurgis Baltrušaitis Jr
Jan 4 Kaj Munk commemorated as a martyr in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church on 14 August, alongside Maximilian Kolbe.
Jan 6 Ida Tarbell an American teacher, author and journalist. She was one of the leading "muckrakers" of the progressive era. She wrote many notable magazine series and biographies. She is best known for her 1904 book The History of the Standard Oil Company, which was listed as 5 in a 1999 list by New York University of the top 100 works of 20th-century American journalism. She depicted John Rockefeller as crabbed, miserly, money-grabbing, and viciously effective at monopolizing the oil trade
Jan 6 Jacques Rosenbaum an Estonian architect of Baltic German descent.
Jan 7 Napoleon Lapathiotis a Greek poet. A native of Athens, he began writing and publishing poetry when he was eleven. In 1907, along with others, he established the Igiso magazine, in which he published his works. In 1909, he graduated from the law school of the University of Athens. His first book of poems was published in 1939
Jan 7 Lou Henry Hoover the wife of President of the United States Herbert Hoover and served as First Lady from 1929 to 1933.
Jan 8 Carl Christian Mez a German botanist and university professor. He is denoted by the author abbreviation Mez when citing a botanical name
Jan 8 William Kissam Vanderbilt II a motor racing enthusiast and yachtsman and a member of the prominent United States Vanderbilt family.
Jan 8 Joseph Jastrow an American psychologist, noted for inventions in experimental psychology, design of experiments, and psycho-physics. Jastrow was one of the first scientists to study the evolution of language, publishing an article on the topic in 1886. He also worked on the phenomena of optical illusions, and a number of well-known optical illusions were either discovered or popularized in his work. Jastrow believed that everyone had their own, often incorrect, preconceptions about psychology. One of his goals was to use the scientific method to identify truth from error, and educate the layperson, which he did through speaking tours, popular print media, and radio
Jan 9 Antanas Smetona one of the most important Lithuanian political figures between World War I and World War He served as the first President of Lithuania from April 4, 1919 to June 19, 1920. He again served as the last President of the country from December 19, 1926 to June 15, 1940, before its occupation by the Soviet Union. He was also one of the famous ideologists of nationalism in Lithuania
Jan 9 Johanna Beyer a German-American composer and pianist.
Jan 10 Andrey Toshev Prime Minister of Bulgaria in 1935. He was also a Bulgarian scientist and a diplomat
Jan 11 J. Walter Christie an American engineer and inventor. He is best known for developing the Christie suspension system used in a number of World War II-era tank designs, most notably the Soviet BT and T-34 series, and the British Covenanter and Crusader Cruiser tanks, as well as the Comet heavy cruiser tank
Jan 11 Hermann Struck a German Jewish artist known for his etchings.
Jan 11 Emilio De Bono an Italian General, fascist activist, Marshal, and member of the Fascist Grand Council. De Bono fought in the Italo-Turkish War, World War I, and the Second Italo-Abyssinian War
Jan 11 Galeazzo Ciano Foreign Minister of Fascist Italy from 1936 until 1943 and Benito Mussolini's son-in-law. On 11 January 1944 Count Ciano was shot by firing squad at the behest of his father-in-law, Mussolini, under pressure from Nazi Germany. Ciano left a massive diary, that has been used among others by William Shirer in his monumental The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich and in the 4-hour HBO docu-drama Mussolini and I
Jan 12 Lance C. Wade an American pilot who joined the Royal Air Force during World War II and became a flying ace. He remained with RAF until his death in a flying accident in 1944 in Italy. He was described as a "distinguished American fighter ace who epitomized perhaps more than any other American airman the wartime accords between Britain and the United States."
Jan 14 Aliya Moldagulova a Soviet Hero of the Soviet Union recipient.
Jan 15 Robert J. Kirby the Warden of Sing Sing Prison from 1941 until 1944. Known for his integrity, Kirby brought respect back to the administration of Sing Sing, and order to the prison after the often controversial tenure of Lewis Lawes
Jan 15 Stephan Stojchev a Soviet philologst, specialist in literary criticism, Head of Nizhniy Novgorod Pedagogical Institute , Head of I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod, Head of Perm University, and Head of Voronezh Pedagogical Institute
Jan 15 Zinaida Portnova a Russian teenager, Soviet partisan and Hero of the Soviet Union.
Jan 20 James McKeen Cattell the first professor of psychology in the United States at the University of Pennsylvania and long-time editor and publisher of scientific journals and publications, most notably the journal Science. He also served on the board of trustees for Science Service, now known as Society for Science & the Public , from 1921–1944
Jan 22 Ernest Townsend a portrait artist from Derby in England.
Jan 23 Edvard Munch a Norwegian painter and printmaker whose intensely evocative treatment of psychological themes built upon some of the main tenets of late 19th-century Symbolism and greatly influenced German Expressionism in the early 20th century. One of his most well-known works is The Scream of 1893
Jan 23 Viktor Gusev Mikhailovich Gusev wrote lyrics to accompany several patriotic Soviet military tunes, including Polyushko Pole.
Jan 28 Adelbert Schulz a Generalmajor and division commander in the German Wehrmacht during World War He was one of 27 people to be awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds and one of the youngest German generals. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade the Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. At the time of its presentation to Schulz it was Germany's highest military decoration
Jan 29 William Allen White a renowned American newspaper editor, politician, author, and leader of the Progressive movement. Between 1896 and his death, White became the iconic spokesman for middle America
Jan 31 Jean Giraudoux a French novelist, essayist, diplomat and playwright. He is considered among the most important French dramatists of the period between World War I and World War His work is noted for its stylistic elegance and poetic fantasy. Giraudoux's dominant theme is the relationship between man and woman—or in some cases, between man and some unattainable ideal
Jan 31 Árpád Weisz a Hungarian football player and manager. Weisz was Jewish, and died during The Holocaust in World War II at Auschwitz
Feb 1 Michel-Dimitri Calvocoressi a multilingual music writer and critic who promoted musicians such as Franz Liszt and Modest Mussorgsky.
Feb 1 Richard B. Anderson a United States Marine who sacrificed his life during World War II and received the Medal of Honor posthumously for his heroism.
Feb 1 Piet Mondrian a Dutch painter.
Feb 3 Yvette Guilbert a French cabaret singer and actress of the Belle Époque.
Feb 4 Arsen Kotsoyev one of the founders of Ossetic prose, who had a large influence in the formation of the modern Ossetic language and its functional styles. He participated in all of the first Ossetic periodicals, and was one of the most notable Ossetian publicists
Feb 7 Robert E. Park considered to be one of the most influential figures in early U.S. sociology. From 1905 to 1914 Park worked with Booker Washington at the Tuskegee Institute. After Tuskegee, he taught at the University of Chicago, from 1914 to 1933, where he played a leading role in the development of the Chicago School of sociology. Park is noted for his work in human ecology, race relations, migration, assimilation, social movements, and social disorganization
Feb 7 Hristijan Todorovski Karpoš a Macedonian communist partisan during the Second World War.
Feb 8 Lina Cavalieri an Italian opera soprano singer, actress, and monologist.
Feb 9 Walter Heitz a German Generaloberst, serving during World War Heitz commanded the VIII. Armeekorps on the Eastern Front. Heitz died of cancer on 9 February 1944 while in Soviet captivity
Feb 10 Kustaa Pihlajamäki a Finnish freestyle wrestler and Olympic champion.
Feb 10 E. M. Antoniadi a Greek astronomer, born in Asia Minor, who spent most of his life in France when invited there by Camille Flammarion. He was also known as Eugenios Antoniadis. His name is also sometimes given as Eugène Michael Antoniadi or even as Eugène Marie Antoniadi
Feb 10 Israel Joshua Singer a Yiddish novelist. He was born Yisruel Yehoyshye Zinger, the son of Pinchas Mendl Zinger, a rabbi and author of rabbinic commentaries, and Basheva Zylberman. He was the brother of Nobel Prize-winning author Isaac Bashevis Singer and novelist Esther Kreitman. His granddaughter is the novelist, Brett Singer
Feb 11 Ivan Sollertinsky a Russian polymath of the Soviet period. He was an expert in theatre and Romance languages, but is best known for his musical career. He was a professor at the Leningrad Conservatory, as well as artistic director of the Leningrad Philharmonic. In these capacities he was an active promoter of Mahler's music in the Soviet Union. From 1927 he was a close friend of Dmitri Shostakovich
Feb 11 Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita a graphic artist active in the years before the Second World War. His pupils included the now renowned Mauritis Cornelis Escher. In the postwar years, de Mesquita was largely forgotten. Thanks in no small measure to the efforts of Escher, who regarded him as both a mentor and a friend, his name has survived and is currently receiving growing attention
Feb 12 Margaret Woodrow Wilson a daughter of US President Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise Axson. Wilson had two sisters, Jessie Wilson and Eleanor Wilson. After her mother's death in 1914 she served as the First Lady of the United States until Wilson's second marriage in 1915
Feb 12 Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal a Princess of the House of Braganza. She became by marriage an Archduchess of Austria and the sister-in-law of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria
Feb 12 Junrokurō Matsuura lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Feb 15 Arthur Wehnelt a German physicist, noted for important contributions in the fields of X-ray physics, gas discharges and electron emission.
Feb 16 Henri Nathansen a Danish writer and stage director, today best known for the play Inside the Walls.