1944 events in history

Jan 3 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Vought F4U Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Mitsubishi A6M Zero
Jan 4 World War II: Operation Carpetbagger, involving the dropping of arms and supplies to resistance fighters in Europe, begins
Jan 5 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper
Jan 17 World War II: Allied forces launch the first of four assaults on Monte Cassino with the intention of breaking through the Winter Line and seizing Rome, an effort that would ultimately take four months and cost 105,000 Allied casualties
Jan 18 World War II: Soviet forces liberate Leningrad, effectively ending a three-year Nazi siege, known as the Siege of Leningrad
Jan 18 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers are Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden
Jan 22 World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio, Italy
Jan 25 Florence Li Tim-Oi is ordained in China, becoming the first woman Anglican priest
Jan 27 World War II: The 900-day Siege of Leningrad is lifted
Jan 29 In Bologna, Italy, the Anatomical theatre of the Archiginnasio is destroyed in an air-raid
Jan 29 World War II: Approximately 38 people are killed and about a dozen injured when the Polish village of Koniuchy (present-day Kaniūkai, Lithuania) is attacked by Soviet partisan units
Jan 30 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna, part of Operation Shingle, begins in central Italy
Jan 30 World War II: American troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
Jan 31 World War II: During the Anzio campaign the 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby's Rangers) is destroyed behind enemy lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at Battle of Cisterna, Italy
Jan 31 World War II: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands
Feb 3 World War II: During the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, U.S. Army and Marine forces seize Kwajalein Atoll from the defending Japanese garrison
Feb 7 World War II: In Anzio, Italy, German forces launch a counteroffensive during the Allied Operation Shingle
Feb 14 World War II: Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
Feb 15 World War II: The Narva Offensive begins
Feb 15 World War II: The assault on Monte Cassino, Italy, begins
Feb 17 World War II: Operation Hailstone begins. U.S. naval air, surface, and submarine attack against Truk Lagoon, Japan's main base in the central Pacific, in support of the Eniwetok invasion
Feb 17 World War II: The Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins. The battle ends in an American victory on February 22
Feb 20 World War II: The United States takes Eniwetok Island
Feb 20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers
Feb 22 World War II: The Soviet Red Army recaptures Krivoi Rog
Feb 22 World War II: American aircraft mistakenly bomb the Dutch towns of Nijmegen, Arnhem, Enschede and Deventer, resulting in 800 dead in Nijmegen alone
Feb 23 The Soviet Union begins the forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people from the North Caucasus to Central Asia
Feb 24 Merrill's Marauders: The Marauders begin their 1,000-mile journey through Japanese occupied Burma
Feb 29 World War II: The Admiralty Islands are invaded in Operation Brewer led by American General Douglas MacArthur
Mar 3 The Order of Nakhimov and Order of Ushakov are instituted in USSR as the highest naval awards
Mar 4 World War II: After the success of Big Week, the USAAF begins a daylight bombing campaign of Berlin
Mar 5 World War II: The Red Army begins the Uman–Botoşani Offensive in the western Ukrainian SSR
Mar 9 World War II: Japanese troops counter-attack American forces on Hill 700 in Bougainville in a battle that would last five days
Mar 9 World War II: Soviet Army planes attack Tallinn, Estonia
Mar 10 Greek Civil War: The Political Committee of National Liberation is established in Greece by the National Liberation Front
Mar 18 The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26 people and causes thousands to flee their homes
Mar 19 World War II: Nazi forces occupy Hungary
Mar 24 World War II: In an event later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 Allied prisoners of war begin breaking out of the German camp Stalag Luft III
Mar 24 Ardeatine massacre: German troops murder 335 Italian civilians in Rome
Mar 30 World War II: Allied bombers conduct their most severe bombing run on Sofia, Bulgaria
Mar 30 Allied bombing raid on Nuremberg. Along the English eastern coast 795 aircraft are despatched, including 572 Lancasters, 214 Halifaxes and 9 Mosquitos. The bombers meet resistance at the coasts of Belgium and the Netherlands from German fighters. In total, 95 bombers are lost, making it the largest RAF Bomber Command loss of World War II
Apr 1 Navigation errors lead to an accidental American bombing of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen
Apr 4 World War II: First bombardment of oil refineries in Bucharest by Anglo-American forces kills 3000 civilians
Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
Apr 10 Rudolf Vrba and Alfréd Wetzler escape from the Birkenau death camp
Apr 13 Diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established
Apr 14 Bombay Explosion: A massive explosion in Bombay harbor kills 300 and causes economic damage valued then at 20 million pounds
Apr 16 World War II: Allied forces start bombing Belgrade, killing about 1,100 people. This bombing fell on the Orthodox Christian Easter
Apr 17 Forces of the Communist-controlled Greek People's Liberation Army attack the smaller National and Social Liberation resistance group, which surrenders. Its leader Dimitrios Psarros is murdered
Apr 22 The 1st Air Commando Group using Sikorsky R-4 helicopters stage the first use of helicopters in combat with combat search and rescue operations in the China-Burma-India theater