Died in 1945

Jan 1 Alfred Druschel a German Luftwaffe combat pilot and Flying ace during World War He was the first combat pilot to be honored with the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 1 William Trelease an American botanist, entomologist, explorer, writer and educator. This botanist is denoted by the author abbreviation Trel. when citing a botanical name
Jan 2 Bertram Ramsay a British admiral during the Second World War. He was an important contributor in the field of amphibious warfare, and was responsible for the Dunkirk evacuation in 1940
Jan 3 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski a Polish writer, journalist, traveler, globetrotter, explorer, anti-communist, university professor, a member of the French Academy, political activist. He is best known for his books about Lenin and the Russian Civil War, a war in which he took part
Jan 3 Edgar Cayce an American mysticist who allegedly possessed the ability to answer questions on subjects as varied as healing, reincarnation, wars, Atlantis and future events while in a trance. These answers came to be known as "life readings of the entity" and were usually delivered to individuals while Cayce was hypnotized. This ability gave him the nickname "The Sleeping Prophet". Cayce founded a nonprofit organization, the Association for Research and Enlightenment that included a hospital and a university
Jan 4 Hubert-Erwin Meierdress a German Waffen-SS officer and panzer ace who served with the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, SS-Verfügungs-Division before joining the SS-Panzer-Division Totenkopf, which he served with until his death in January 1945. Meierdrees was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 4 Anders Larsson (sport wrestler) a Swedish wrestler who competed in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Jan 4 Harold Fraser (golfer) an American golfer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 5 Dmitry Mirimanoff Semionovitch Mirimanoff became a doctor of mathematical sciences in 1900, in Geneva, and taught at the universities of Geneva and Lausanne. Mirimanoff made notable contributions to axiomatic set theory and to number theory. In 1917, he introduced, though not as explicitly as John von Neumann later, the cumulative hierarchy of sets and the notion of von Neumann ordinals; although he introduced a notion of regular he did not consider regularity as an axiom, but also explored what is now called non-well-founded set theory and had an emergent idea of what is now called bisimulation
Jan 5 Julius Leber a German politician of the SPD and a member of the German Resistance against the Nazi régime.
Jan 6 Vladimir Vernadsky considered one of the founders of geochemistry, biogeochemistry, and of radiogeology. His ideas of noosphere were an important contribution to Russian cosmism. During the Russian Civil War he worked in Ukraine, where he founded the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. He is most noted for his 1926 book The Biosphere in which he inadvertently worked to popularize Eduard Suess’ 1885 term biosphere, by hypothesizing that life is the geological force that shapes the earth. In 1943 he was awarded the Stalin Prize
Jan 6 Edith Frank the mother of Holocaust diarist Anne Frank. She died from starvation at the age of forty-four
Jan 7 Alexander Stirling Calder an American sculptor and teacher. Son of the sculptor Alexander Milne Calder and father of the sculptor Alexander Calder, his best-known works are George Washington as President on the Washington Square Arch in New York City, the Swann Memorial Fountain in Philadelphia, and the Leif Eriksson Memorial in Reykjavík, Iceland
Jan 8 Jac. P. Thijsse Thijsse was a Dutch conservationist and botanist. He is sometimes referred to as J.P. Thijssse. He created the "J.P. Thijssse Park" in Amstelveen. and founded Vereniging tot Behoud van Natuurmonumenten in Nederland. He was placed 87th on De Grootste Nederlander list in 2004
Jan 8 Karl Ernst Krafft a Swiss astrologer, born in Basel. He worked on the fields of astrology and graphology
Jan 9 Willibald C. Bianchi an officer in the Philippine Scouts who received the Medal of Honor for actions in Bataan, Philippines during that country's capitulation to Japanese forces during World War After the action near Bagac in the Bataan Province, Bianchi was among the troops captured by the Japanese at the fall of Bataan, on April 9, 1942. He was part of the Bataan "Death March," and was imprisoned in several Japanese prisoner of war camps, enduring horrible conditions. He was known for his compassion and efforts to better the lot of his fellow prisoners by bartering with their captors for extra food and medicine. On January 9, 1945, while imprisoned in an unmarked Japanese prison ship, Bianchi was killed instantly when an American plane, unaware that the ship contained American prisoners, dropped a 1,000-pound bomb in the cargo hold. Bianchi is one of three members of the Philippine Scouts who were awarded the Medal of Honor
Jan 9 Jüri Uluots an Estonian prime minister, journalist, prominent attorney and distinguished Professor and Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Tartu.
Jan 9 Shigekazu Shimazaki a Japanese career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service during World War II.
Jan 11 Ada Negri an Italian poet and writer.
Jan 12 André Regaud a French shooter who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics, the 1912 Summer Olympics and the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Jan 13 Siegfried Lüdden a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Lüdden is credited with the sinking of 8 ships of 49,725 gross register tons and one warship, the HMS Beverley, and damaging a further ship of 9,977 GRT. Among others, he and Korvettenkapitän Wilhelm Franken were killed on 13 January 1945 when a fire broke out on the accommodation ship Daressalem in Kiel harbor
Jan 13 Wilhelm Franken a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Franken was killed in a fire on board the Daresalam
Jan 14 Toon Oprinsen a Dutch football midfielder who played for Netherlands in the 1934 FIFA World Cup. He also played for NOAD Tilburg
Jan 14 Vilhelms Purvītis a landscape painter and educator who founded the Latvian Academy of Art and was its rector from 1919 to 1934.
Jan 14 Arthur Wynne the British-born inventor of the modern crossword puzzle.
Jan 14 Gustav Cassel a Swedish economist and professor of economics at Stockholm University.
Jan 14 Heinrich Schroth a German stage and film actor.
Jan 15 Wilhelm Wirtinger an Austrian mathematician, working in complex analysis, geometry, algebra, number theory, Lie groups and knot theory.
Jan 15 Kornél Havasi a Hungarian chess master.
Jan 16 Róża Etkin-Moszkowska a Polish pianist.
Jan 16 Lev Steinberg a Russian conductor and composer.
Jan 19 Gustave Mesny a French Army general in command of the 5th North African Infantry Division who was captured during the Second World War. Mesny was unlawfully executed in retribution for the death of German general Fritz von Brodowski
Jan 19 Mir Dast a South Asian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 19 Petar Bojović a Serbian military commander who fought in the Serbo-Turkish War, the Serbo-Bulgarian War, the First Balkan War, the Second Balkan War and World War Following the breakthrough on the Thessaloniki Front he was promoted to fourth Serbian Field Marshal.
Jan 21 Andrew Thomas Gage a Scottish Botanist and Surgeon in the Indian Medical Service. He was born in Aberdeen, Scotland and died in Strathpeffer, Ross and Cromarty, Scotland
Jan 21 Rash Behari Bose a revolutionary leader against the British Raj in India and was one of the key organisers of the Ghadar Revolution and later, the Indian National Army.
Jan 21 Karel Poláček a Czechoslovak writer, humorist and journalist of Jewish descent.
Jan 21 Adrian von Fölkersam a German Brandenburger and Waffen-SS officer in World War II.
Jan 21 Archibald Murray a British Army officer who served in the Second Boer War and World War He was Chief of Staff to the BEF in August 1914 but appears to have suffered a physical breakdown in the retreat from Mons, and was required to step down from that position in January 1915. After serving as Deputy Chief of the Imperial General Staff for much of 1915, he was briefly Chief of the Imperial General Staff from September to December 1915. He was then Commander of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force from January 1916 to June 1917, in which role he laid the plans for the ultimate defeat of the Turks in Palestine
Jan 22 Else Lasker-Schüler a Jewish German poet and playwright famous for her bohemian lifestyle in Berlin. She was one of the few women affiliated with the Expressionist movement. Lasker-Schüler fled Nazi Germany and lived out the rest of her life in Jerusalem
Jan 22 Heisuke Yanagawa a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.
Jan 22 Julian Egerton a British classical clarinetist.
Jan 22 Victor Perez a Tunisian Jewish boxer, who became the World Flyweight Champion in 1931 and 1932. He was born to Khmaïssa Perez a household goods salesman and Khaïlou René Perez. He was raised along with his four siblings in Dar-El Berdgana, the Jewish quarter of Tunis. He started training as a boxer at age 14 along with his older brother Benjamin “Kid” Perez to emulate his idol Battling Siki, a boxing champion from Senegal. Perez had a brief relationship with French-Italian actress Mireille Balin of Monaco
Jan 22 Adam Grünewald a German Schutzstaffel officer and Nazi concentration camp commandant.
Jan 23 Eugen Bolz a German politician and a member of the resistance to the Nazi régime.
Jan 23 Nikolaus Gross a German resistance fighter and labor union leader in the time of the Third Reich who was later beatified by Pope John Paul II at Peter's Basilica in Vatican City on 7 October 2001.
Jan 23 Reinhold Frank a German lawyer. He did work for the resistance to Hitler's rule in Nazi Germany. He was sentenced to death in connection with the failed July 20 Plot
Jan 23 Hermann Recknagel a German general during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Recknagel was shot on 23 January 1945 by partisans between Piotrków Trybunalski and Tomaszów Mazowiecki
Jan 23 Helmuth James Graf von Moltke a German jurist who, as a draftee in the German Abwehr, acted to subvert German human-rights abuses of people in territories occupied by Germany during World War II and subsequently became a founding member of the Kreisau Circle resistance group, whose members opposed the government of Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany.
Jan 24 Hazi Aslanov an Azerbaijani Major-General of the Soviet armoured troops during World War Aslanov was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union title twice.