1945 events in history

Jan 1 World War II: The German Luftwaffe launches Operation Bodenplatte, a massive, but failed attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow
Jan 1 World War II: In retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, U.S. troops massacre 30 SS prisoners at Chenogne
Jan 2 World War II: Nuremberg, Germany (in German, Nürnberg) is severely bombed by Allied forces
Jan 3 World War II: Admiral Chester W. Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. Naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima and Okinawa in Japan
Jan 5 The Soviet Union recognizes the new pro-Soviet government of Poland
Jan 7 World War II: British General Bernard Montgomery holds a press conference in which he claims credit for victory in the Battle of the Bulge
Jan 8 World War II: Philippine Commonwealth troops under the Philippine Commonwealth Army units enter the province of Ilocos Sur in Northern Luzon and attack Japanese Imperial forces
Jan 9 World War II: The United States invades Luzon in the Philippines
Jan 11 Greek Civil War: Last day of the Dekemvriana clashes in Athens, Greece
Jan 16 Adolf Hitler moves into his underground bunker, the so-called Führerbunker
Jan 17 World War II: Soviet forces capture the almost completely destroyed Polish city of Warsaw
Jan 17 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg is taken into Soviet custody while in Hungary; he is never publicly seen again
Jan 17 The Nazis begin the evacuation of the Auschwitz concentration camp as Soviet forces close in
Jan 18 World War II: Liberation of Krakow, Poland by the Red Army
Jan 19 World War II: Soviet forces liberate the Łódź ghetto. Of more than 200,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazi occupation
Jan 20 World War II: Hungary agrees to an armistice with the Allies
Jan 20 World War II: Germany begins the evacuation of 1.8 million people from East Prussia, a task which will take nearly two months
Jan 23 World War II: German admiral Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal
Jan 25 World War II: The Battle of the Bulge ends
Jan 26 World War II: The Red Army begins encircling the German Fourth Army near Heiligenbeil in East Prussia, which will end in destruction of the 4th Army two months later
Jan 26 World War II: Audie Murphy in action that will later win him the Medal of Honor
Jan 27 World War II: The Red Army liberates the remained inmates of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp built by the Nazi Germans on the territory of Poland
Jan 28 World War II: Supplies begin to reach the Republic of China over the newly reopened Burma Road
Jan 30 World War II: Raid at Cabanatuan — 126 American Rangers and Filipino resistance fighters liberate over 500 Allied prisoners from the Japanese-controlled Cabanatuan POW camp
Jan 30 World War II: The Wilhelm Gustloff, overfilled with German refugees, sinks in the Baltic Sea after being torpedoed by a Soviet submarine, killing approximately 9,500 people in what is the deadliest known maritime disaster
Jan 31 World War II: the end of fighting in the Battle of Hill 170 during the Burma Campaign, in which the British 3 Commando Brigade repulsed a Japanese counterattack on their positions and precipitated a general retirement from the Arakan Peninsula
Jan 31 World War II: About 3,000 inmates from the Stutthof concentration camp are forcibly marched into the Baltic Sea at Palmnicken (now Yantarny, Russia) and executed
Jan 31 US Army private Eddie Slovik is executed for desertion, the first such execution of an American soldier since the Civil War
Feb 3 World War II: As part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17s of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin, a raid which kills between 2,500 to 3,000 and dehouses another 120,000
Feb 3 World War II: The United States and the Philippine Commonwealth begin a month-long battle to retake Manila from Japan
Feb 4 World War II: The British Indian Army and Imperial Japanese Army begin a series of battles known as the Battle of Pokoku and Irrawaddy River operations
Feb 4 World War II: The Yalta Conference between the "Big Three" (Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin) opens at the Livadia Palace in the Crimea
Feb 4 World War II: Santo Tomas Internment Camp is liberated from Japanese authority
Feb 5 World War II: General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
Feb 8 World War II: The United Kingdom and Canada commence Operation Veritable to occupy the west bank of the Rhine
Feb 9 World War II: A force of Allied aircraft unsuccessfully attacked a German destroyer in Førdefjorden, Norway
Feb 9 World War II: The Battle of the Atlantic – HMS Venturer sinks U-864 off the coast of Fedje, Norway, in a rare instance of submarine-to-submarine combat
Feb 13 World War II: Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment
Feb 13 World War II: The siege of Budapest concludes with the unconditional surrender of German and Hungarian forces to the Red Army
Feb 14 World War II: On the first day of the bombing of Dresden, the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin fire-bombing Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony
Feb 14 World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans
Feb 14 President Franklin D. Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS Quincy, officially beginning U.S.-Saudi diplomatic relations
Feb 14 World War II: Navigational error leads to the mistaken bombing of Prague, Czechoslovakia by an American squadron of B-17s assisting in the Soviet's Vistula–Oder Offensive
Feb 15 World War II: Third day of bombing in Dresden
Feb 16 World War II: American forces land on Corregidor Island in the Philippines
Feb 19 World War II: Battle of Iwo Jima – about 30,000 United States Marines land on the island of Iwo Jima
Feb 21 World War II: Japanese Kamikaze planes sink the escort carrier USS Bismarck Sea and damage the USS Saratoga
Feb 23 World War II: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños internment camp
Feb 23 World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by combined Filipino and American forces
Feb 23 World War II: During the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of United States Marines and a commonly forgotten U.S. Navy Corpsman, reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are photographed raising the American flag