Died in 1946

Jan 2 Joe Darling an Australian cricketer who played 34 Test matches as a specialist batsman between 1894 and 1905. As captain, he led Australia in a total of 21 Tests, winning seven and losing four. In Test cricket, he scored 1657 runs at an average of 28.56 per innings, including three centuries. Darling toured England four times with the Australian team—in 1896, 1899, 1902 and 1905; the last three tours as captain. He was captain of the Australian cricket team in England in 1902, widely recognised as one of the best teams in Australian cricket history
Jan 3 Karl Maria Wiligut an Austrian Occultist and SS-Brigadeführer.
Jan 3 Carl Gustav Witt a German astronomer who used to work at the popular observatory of the Urania astronomical association of Berlin.
Jan 3 William Joyce a U.S.-born Irish fascist politician and Nazi propaganda broadcaster to the United Kingdom during the Second World War. He was convicted of one count of High Treason in 1945. The Court of Appeal and the House of Lords upheld his conviction. He was hanged at Wandsworth Prison by Albert Pierrepoint
Jan 4 Theodore Schurch a British soldier of Anglo-Swiss parentage who was executed under the Treachery Act 1940 following the end of the Second World War. He was the last person to be executed in Britain for an offence other than murder
Jan 5 Kitty Cheatham an American singer, diseuse and actress.
Jan 6 Georg Prince of Saxe-Meiningen the head of the house of Saxe-Meiningen from 1941 until his death.
Jan 6 Edwin Stephen Goodrich an English zoologist, specialising in comparative anatomy, embryology, paleontology, and evolution. He held the Linacre Chair of Zoology in the University of Oxford from 1921 to 1946. He served as editor of the Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science from 1920 until his death
Jan 7 Moisei Ginzburg a Soviet constructivist architect, best known for his 1929 Narkomfin Building in Moscow.
Jan 7 Adamo Didur a top-class Polish operatic bass singer. He sang extensively in opera in Europe and appeared at New York's Metropolitan Opera from 1908 to 1932
Jan 8 Dion Fortune a prominent British occultist, author, psychologist, teacher, artist, and mystic. Schooled in Western Esotericism, she was influential in the modern revival of the magical arts. She was also a prolific writer of the supernatural and the occult in both novels and non-fiction works. As a psychologist, she approached magic and hermetic concepts from the perspectives of Jung and Freud
Jan 8 Thomas Barbour an American herpetologist. From 1927 until 1946, he was director of the Museum of Comparative Zoology founded in 1859 by Louis Agassiz at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts
Jan 9 Countee Cullen an African-American poet who was a leading figure in the Harlem Renaissance.
Jan 10 Cornélie van Zanten a Dutch opera singer, singing teacher and author.
Jan 10 László Bárdossy a Hungarian diplomat and politician who served as Prime Minister of Hungary from 1941 to 1942.
Jan 13 Wilhelm Souchon a German and Ottoman admiral in World War I who commanded the Kaiserliche Marine's Mediterranean squadron in the early days of the war. His initiative made him one of the most important influences on the entry of the Ottoman Empire into World War I
Jan 13 Enid Stamp Taylor a British actress.
Jan 14 Joseph Hertz a Jewish Hungarian-born rabbi and Bible scholar. He is most notable for holding the position of Chief Rabbi of the United Kingdom from 1913 until his death in 1946, in a period encompassing both world wars and the Holocaust
Jan 14 Antti Hackzell a Finnish politician from the National Coalition Party and Prime Minister of Finland in 1944.
Jan 15 Karl Nabersberg a German youth leader.
Jan 16 Leon Marchlewski a Polish chemist.
Jan 21 Harry Bateman an English mathematician.
Jan 22 Allen Lard an American golfer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 23 Helene Schjerfbeck a Finnish painter. She is most widely known for her realist works and self-portraits, and less well known for her landscapes and still lifes. Throughout her long life, her work changed dramatically
Jan 25 Paul Völckers a highly decorated General der Infanterie in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the XXVII Armeekorps. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. He was captured by Soviet troops in 1944 during Operation Bagration and died in Soviet captivity in 1946
Jan 26 Oskar Kallas an Estonian diplomat, linguist and folklorist. He was the husband of the Finnish writer Aino Kallas
Jan 26 Adriaan van Maanen a Dutch–American astronomer.
Jan 28 Anton Rintelen an Austrian academic, jurist and politician. Initially associated with the right wing Christian Social Party, he later became involved in a Nazi coup d'état plot
Jan 29 Harry Hopkins one of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's closest advisers. He was one of the architects of the New Deal, especially the relief programs of the Works Progress Administration , which he directed and built into the largest employer in the country. In World War II, he was Roosevelt's chief diplomatic adviser and troubleshooter and was a key policy maker in the $50 billion Lend-Lease program that sent aid to the Allies. Hopkins dealt with "priorities, production. political problems with allies, strategy—in short, with anything that might concern the president."
Jan 29 Sidney Jones an English conductor and composer, most famous for producing the musical scores for a series of musical comedy hits in the late Victorian and Edwardian periods.
Jan 31 Pietro Boetto an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Genoa from 1938 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1935.
Jan 31 Hans Loritz Oberführer Hans Loritz joined the SS in September, 1930 and the NSDAP in August, 1930. In 1933, he formed and commanded the Austrian SS Standarte at the Dachau concentration camp. From mid-December, 1933 to July, 1934, he was the only commander of the camp at Papenburg and when that camp was closed in late July, 1934, he was transferred to KZ Esterwegen where he was the Commandant for two years before being transferred back to serve as Commandant of Dachau until 1939. He was dismissed in July, 1939 by Hitler for being to harsh. He became a section leader of the General SS in Klagenfurt. In 1940 Himmler posted him to Sachsenhausen, to replace Walter Eisfeld. That lasted until 1942, when he was removed by the suggestion of Oswald Pohl, leader of the SS-WVHA. He was then sent to oversee a camp in Norway
Feb 2 Heinrich Jalowetz an Austrian musicologist and conductor who settled in the USA. He was one of the core members of what became known as the Second Viennese School in the orbit of Arnold Schoenberg
Feb 2 Désiré Georges Jean Marie Bois a French botanist, horticulturist and agronomist.
Feb 3 Friedrich Jeckeln an SS-Obergruppenführer who served as an SS and Police Leader in the occupied Soviet Union during World War Jeckeln was the commanding SS General over one of the largest collection of Einsatzgruppen and was personally responsible for ordering the deaths of over 100,000 Jews, Slavs, Romani, and other "undesirables" of the Third Reich.
Feb 3 Victor Loret a French Egyptologist.
Feb 4 Milan Nedić a Serbian Armijski đeneral and politician. He was the chief of the general staff of the Yugoslav Army, minister of war in the Royal Yugoslav Government and the prime minister of a Nazi-backed Serbian puppet government during World War II
Feb 5 George Arliss an English actor, author, playwright and filmmaker who found success in the United States. He was the first British actor to win an Academy Award, as well as being the earliest-born actor to win an Academy Award
Feb 6 Oswald Kabasta an Austrian conductor.
Feb 7 Georg Liebling a German pianist and composer.
Feb 8 Antanas Tumėnas a Lithuanian politician, teacher, professor of law, judge, Prime Minister of Lithuania in the 10th cabinet, Chairman of the Supreme Committee for the Liberation of Lithuania. He was a member of the Lithuanian Christian Democratic Party
Feb 8 Felix Hoffmann a German chemist, credited for the first synthesized medically useful forms of heroin and aspirin, while he was employed as a chemist at BayerAG.
Feb 9 Júlio Prestes a Brazilian politician. Governor of São Paulo state in 1926, he was elected president of Brazil on March 1, 1930, but never took office because the government was overthrown in the Revolution of 1930 that brought Getúlio Vargas to power, three weeks before Prestes' scheduled inauguration on November 15, 1930
Feb 11 John Langalibalele Dube a South African essayist, philosopher, educator, politician, publisher, editor, novelist and poet. He was the founding president of the South African Native National Congress , which became the African National Congress in 1923. Dube served as SANNC president between 1912 and 1917. Dube was brought to America by returning missionaries and attended Oberlin College. He returned to South Africa where he and his first wife, Nokutela Dube, founded a newspaper and what is now Ohlange High School
Feb 15 Anton Harapi a Roman Catholic priest of the Franciscan Order as well as a writer and political figure.
Feb 16 Ivan Moskvin a Russian actor and People's Artist of the USSR. He became director of the Moscow Art Theatre in 1943. He was a student in the Moscow Philharmonic Society from 1893 to 1896. He also performed in the Yaroslavl company and the Korsh company in Moscow
Feb 16 Edgar Syers a British figure skater who competed in both singles and pair skating. As a singles skater, he won the bronze medal at the 1899 World Championships. At age 45, he competed with his wife Madge Syers at the 1908 London Summer Olympics, coming in last but winning the bronze as only three pairs competed in this event. He was also a figure skating coach
Feb 17 Duchess Jutta of Mecklenburg-Strelitz a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and the consort of Crown Prince Danilo of Montenegro.
Feb 17 Benjamin I of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1936 till 1946.
Feb 17 Dorothy Gibson a pioneering American silent film actress, artist's model and singer active in the early 20th century. She is best remembered as a survivor of the sinking of the Titanic and for starring in the first motion picture based on the disaster