1946 events in history

Jan 3 Popular Canadian American jockey George Woolf dies in a freak accident during a race; the annual George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award is created to honor him
Jan 10 The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens in London. Fifty-one nations are represented
Jan 10 The United States Army Signal Corps successfully conducts Project Diana, bouncing radio waves off the moon and receiving the reflected signals
Jan 11 Enver Hoxha, Secretary General of the Communist Party of Albania, declares the People's Republic of Albania with himself as head of state
Jan 17 The UN Security Council holds its first session
Jan 19 General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals
Jan 22 In Iran, Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at Chuwarchira Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president and Hadschi Baba Scheich is the prime minister
Jan 22 Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency
Jan 24 The United Nations General Assembly passes its first resolution to establish the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission
Jan 25 The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor
Jan 31 Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling that of the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia)
Feb 1 Trygve Lie of Norway is picked to be the first United Nations Secretary General
Feb 1 The Parliament of Hungary abolishes the monarchy after nine centuries, and proclaims the Hungarian Republic
Feb 5 The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea
Feb 8 The first portion of the Revised Standard Version of the Bible, the first serious challenge to the popularity of the Authorized King James Version, is published
Feb 12 World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats
Feb 12 African American United States Army veteran Isaac Woodard is severely beaten by a South Carolina police officer to the point where he loses his vision in both eyes. The incident later galvanizes the Civil Rights Movement and partially inspires Orson Welles' film Touch of Evil
Feb 14 The Bank of England is nationalized
Feb 15 ENIAC, the first electronic general-purpose computer, is formally dedicated at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia
Feb 18 Sailors of the Royal Indian Navy Mutiny in Bombay harbour, from where the action spreads throughout the Provinces of British India, involving 78 ships, twenty shore establishments and 20,000 sailors
Feb 26 Finnish observers report the first of many thousands of sightings of ghost rockets
Mar 1 The Bank of England is nationalised
Mar 2 Ho Chi Minh is elected the President of North Vietnam
Mar 5 Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc
Mar 5 Winston Churchill coins the phrase "Iron Curtain" in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri
Mar 6 Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union
Mar 9 Bolton Wanderers stadium disaster at Burnden Park, Bolton, England, kills 33 and injures hundreds more
Mar 11 Rudolf Höss, the first commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp, is captured by British troops
Mar 18 Diplomatic relations between Switzerland and the Soviet Union are established
Mar 19 French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion become overseas départements of France
Mar 21 The Los Angeles Rams sign Kenny Washington, making him the first African American player in the American football since 1933
Mar 24 The British Cabinet Mission, consisting of Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A. V. Alexander, arrives in India to discuss and plan for the transfer of power from the British Raj to Indian leadership
Mar 28 Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson–Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power
Mar 29 Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México, one of Mexico's leading universities, is founded
Apr 1 Aleutian Island earthquake: An 8.6 magnitude earthquake near the Aleutian Islands creates a tsunami that strikes the Hawaiian Islands killing 159, mostly in Hilo
Apr 1 Formation of the Malayan Union
Apr 3 Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed in the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March
Apr 5 Soviet troops leave the island of Bornholm, Denmark after an 11-month occupation
Apr 7 Syria's independence from France is officially recognised
Apr 8 Électricité de France, the world's largest utility company, is formed as a result of the nationalisation of a number of electricity producers, transporters and distributors
Apr 17 Syria obtains its independence from the French occupation
Apr 18 The International Court of Justice holds its inaugural meeting in The Hague, Netherlands
Apr 20 The League of Nations officially dissolves, giving most of its power to the United Nations
Apr 23 Manuel Roxas is elected the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
Apr 26 Naperville train disaster kills 47
Apr 29 The International Military Tribunal for the Far East convenes and indicts former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders for war crimes
Apr 29 Father Divine, a controversial religious leader who claims to be God, marries the much-younger Edna Rose Ritchings, a celebrated anniversary in the International Peace Mission movement
May 1 The Paris Peace Conference concludes that the islands of the Dodecanese should be returned to Greece by Italy
May 1 Start of three-year Pilbara strike of Indigenous Australians
May 2 The "Battle of Alcatraz" takes place; two guards and three inmates are killed