Died in 1947

Jan 1 Walter Kaufmann (physicist) a German physicist. He is best known for the first experimental proof of the velocity dependence of mass, which was an important contribution to the development of modern physics, including special relativity
Jan 4 Julian Ashby Burruss the first President of James Madison University, although at the time of his service the university was the State Normal and Industrial School for Women. His service began in 1908 and ended in 1919 when he left JMU to become the eighth President of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. His tenure at Virginia Tech lasted from September 1, 1919 to July 1, 1945. James Madison and Virginia Tech each have one building named in Burruss' honor
Jan 4 Albert Ireton a British tug of war competitor and boxer who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 5 Osami Nagano a Japanese career naval officer and fleet admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1934. He was more of an administrative officer than a sea commander. From April 1941 to February 1944, he was chief of the Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff
Jan 5 Charles Schlee an American racing cyclist who competed 1902-1911, mostly in New Jersey.
Jan 6 Konstantin Dumba an Austro-Hungarian diplomat serving as its last accredited Ambassador to the United States and famous for having been expelled during World War I following accusations of espionage.
Jan 8 Tadeusz Kutrzeba an army general of the Second Polish Republic. He was the Captain of the General Staff of the Imperial and Royal Army of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Divisional General of the Polish Army and the commander of Army Poznań during the defensive war of 1939
Jan 9 Karl Mannheim a Hungarian-born sociologist, influential in the first half of the 20th century and one of the founding fathers of classical sociology as well as a founder of the sociology of knowledge. In 1921, Mannheim married professor and psychologist "Juliska" Károlyné Julia Lang, better known as Julia Lang
Jan 10 André Savignon a French author.
Jan 11 Eva Tanguay a Canadian singer and entertainer who billed herself as "the girl who made vaudeville famous".
Jan 11 Hjalmar Siilasvuo a Finnish general who led troops in the Winter War, Continuation War and Lapland War. He also saw action as a part of the Finnish volunteer "jägerbattalion 27" fighting on the German side in World War I
Jan 12 Kōrli Stalte a prolific Livonian cultural activist. Stalte worked as a teacher in Dundaga and Mazirbe, and as a Livonian language teacher in Lielirbe; and as a cantor and organist in Mazirbe. His wife was Baltic German and he moved to Germany with her when Hitler ordered the resettlement of all Baltic Germans in 1939. Kōrli Stalte died in 1947
Jan 13 Vasily Vakhrushev a Soviet-Russian statesman who was from 1939 to 1940 the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR, literally meaning Premier or Prime Minister.
Jan 14 Albert Bruce Jackson a British botanist and dendrologist. He worked as an assistant the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew from 1907 to 1910 and later at the British Museum from 1932 to his death in 1947
Jan 15 Black Dahlia a nickname given to Elizabeth Short , an American woman who was the victim of a gruesome and much-publicized murder. Short acquired the moniker posthumously by newspapers in the habit of nicknaming crimes they found particularly lurid. Short was found mutilated, her body sliced in half at the waist, on January 15, 1947, in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California. Short's unsolved murder has been the source of widespread speculation, leading to many suspects, along with several books and film adaptations of the story. Short's murder is one of the oldest unsolved murder cases in Los Angeles history
Jan 16 Helmuth von Pannwitz a German general who distinguished himself as a cavalry officer during the First and the Second World Wars. Later he became Lieutenant General of the Wehrmacht and Supreme Ataman of the Kosaken-Kavallerie-Korps. He was executed in Moscow for war crimes in 1947 of which he has been rehabilitated by the military prosecutor in Moscow in April 1996 almost fifty years after his violent death. The revocation of the conviction of Pannwitz was itself overturned in June 2001
Jan 17 Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve a Canadian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Quebec from 1931 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1933
Jan 17 Andrei Shkuro a Lieutenant General of the White Army.
Jan 17 Eugène Lanti a pseudonym of Eugène Adam. Lanti was an Esperantist, socialist and writer. He was a founder of Sennacieca Asocio Tutmonda, and a longtime editor of the internationalist socialist magazine Sennaciulo. Lanti was a critic of Stalinism and the theoretician of a new doctrine, anationalism, which aimed to eliminate the very concept of the nation as a guiding idea of social organisation
Jan 18 K. L. Saigal considered the first superstar of the Hindi film industry, which was centered in Calcutta during Saigal's time, but is currently centered in Mumbai.
Jan 19 Tane Nikolov a Bulgarian revolutionary and member of the revolutionary movement in Macedonia, Thrace and Pomoravlje. He was among the leading members of the Secret Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organization, Internal Western Outland Revolutionary Organisation and the leader of the Internal Thracian Revolutionary Organisation. Nikolov was also participant in the wars for National unification of Bulgaria
Jan 20 Josh Gibson an American who played the position of catcher in baseball's Negro leagues. He played for the Homestead Grays from 1930 to 1931, moved to the Pittsburgh Crawfords from 1932 to 1936, and returned to the Grays from 1937 to 1939 and 1942 to 1946. In 1937, he played for Ciudad Trujillo in Trujillo's Dominican League and from 1940 to 1941, he played in the Mexican League for Rojos del Aguila de Veracruz. Gibson served as the first manager of the Santurce Crabbers, one of the most historic franchises of the Puerto Rico Baseball League. He stood 6-foot-1 and weighed 210 pounds at the peak of his career
Jan 21 Rosalia Zemlyachka a Russian revolutionary, Soviet politician and statesman. She is best known for her involvement in the organization of the First Russian revolution, and along with Bela Kun, as one of the organizers of the Red Terror in the Crimea in 1920-1921, against former soldiers of the White Army
Jan 22 Vivienne Haigh-Wood Eliot an English governess and writer who became the first wife of the American poet S. Eliot. Her legacy, and the extent to which she influenced Eliot's work, has been the subject of much debate. She has been seen variously as a neurotic femme fatale who enticed the patrician Eliot into an inappropriate and disastrous marriage, or as his muse, without whom some of his most important work would never have appeared. His second wife claimed the copyright of Haigh-Wood's writings in 1984, including her private diaries, which has complicated the research into her role in Eliot's life
Jan 22 Demetre Chiparus a Romanian Art Deco era sculptor who lived and worked in Paris.
Jan 22 Fyodor Dan one of the founding leaders of Menshevism.
Jan 23 Pierre Bonnard a French painter and printmaker, as well as a founding member of the Post-Impressionist group of avant-garde painters Les Nabis. Bonnard preferred to work from memory, using drawings as a reference, and his paintings are often characterized by a dreamlike quality. The intimate domestic scenes, for which he is perhaps best known, often include his wife Marthe de Meligny
Jan 23 Roy Geiger a United States Marine Corps General who, during World War II, became the first Marine to lead an army. Marine Corps base Camp Geiger in North Carolina is named in his honor
Jan 24 Wilhelm Fuchs a Nazi Einsatzkommando leader. From April 1941 to January 1942 he commanded Einsatzgruppe Serbien. From 15 September 1943 through 27 May 1944 he commanded Einsatzkommando 3. He was executed by hanging
Jan 25 Al Capone an American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era. His seven-year reign as crime boss ended when he was 33 years old
Jan 26 Grace Moore an American operatic soprano and actress in musical theatre and film. She was nicknamed the "Tennessee Nightingale." Her films helped to popularize opera by bringing it to a larger audience
Jan 26 Prince Gustaf Adolf Duke of Västerbotten a Swedish prince and heir to the Swedish throne. Born in Stockholm, he was the eldest son of Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden and his first wife Princess Margaret of Connaught. His mother was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria as the daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught. Gustaf Adolf was the father of the current king, Carl XVI Gustaf. He was known by his last given name, Edmund, in the family
Jan 27 Anna von Mildenburg an eminent Wagnerian soprano of Austrian nationality. Known as Anna Bahr-Mildenburg after her 1909 marriage, she had been a protégé of the composer/conductor Gustav Mahler during his musical directorship at the Hamburg State Opera. In 1898, Mahler took her to the Vienna Opera, where she established herself as one of the great stars during his celebrated tenure there as music director
Jan 27 Vassily Balabanov an administrator and Provincial Governor of Imperial Russia. Vassily Balabanov born January 30, 1873, third of five children of Vassily Stephanovich Balabanov and Maria Muravskaya
Jan 27 Paul P. Harris a Chicago, Illinois, attorney best known for founding Rotary International in 1905, a service organization that currently has well over one million members worldwide.
Jan 27 J. V. Uspensky a Russian mathematician notable for writing Theory of Equations. He was born in Urga, Outer Mongolia and died in San Francisco, California
Jan 28 Reynaldo Hahn a Venezuelan, naturalised French, composer, conductor, music critic, diarist, theatre director, and salon singer. Best known as a composer of songs, he wrote in the French classical tradition of the mélodie
Jan 29 Vladimir Lash a Russian and Soviet football player.
Jan 30 James Larkin a British and Irish trade union leader and socialist activist, born to Irish parents in Liverpool, England. He and his family later moved to a small cottage in Burren, southern County Down. Growing up in poverty, he received little formal education and began working in a variety of jobs while still a child. He became a full-time trade union organiser in 1905
Feb 1 Carl Hilpert an officer in the German Army during World War II.
Feb 1 Stanisław Grolicki a Polish film actor.
Feb 3 Petar Živković a Serbian soldier and political figure in Yugoslavia. He was Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from January 7, 1929 until April 4, 1932
Feb 3 Marc Mitscher a pioneer in naval aviation who became an admiral in the United States Navy, and served as commander of the Fast Carrier Task Force in the Pacific during the latter half of World War II.
Feb 4 Filaret Kolessa a Ukrainian ethnographer, folklorist, composer, musicologist and literary critic. He was a member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society from 1909, The Free Ukrainian Academy of Sciences from 1929, and the founder of Ukrainian ethnographic musicology
Feb 4 Luigi Russolo an Italian Futurist painter, composer, builder of experimental musical instruments, and the author of the manifesto The Art of Noises. He is often regarded as one of the first noise music experimental composers with his performances of noise music concerts in 1913–14 and then again after World War I, notably in Paris in 1921. He designed and constructed a number of noise-generating devices called Intonarumori
Feb 5 Hans Fallada a German writer of the first half of the 20th century. Some of his better known novels include Little Man, What Now? and Every Man Dies Alone. His works belong predominantly to the New Objectivity literary style, with precise details and journalistic veneration of the facts. Fallada's pseudonym derives from a combination of characters found in the Grimm's Fairy Tales: the protagonist of Hans in Luck and a horse named Falada in The Goose Girl
Feb 6 John Rhodes (sailor) an English sailor who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics for Great Britain.
Feb 6 Max Gülstorff a German actor and stage director.
Feb 8 Josephine Bakhita a Sudanese-born former slave who became a Canossian Religious Sister in Italy, living and working there for 45 years. In 2000 she was declared a saint by the Roman Catholic Church
Feb 10 Chūichi Ariyoshi a Japanese politician. He was born in Miyazu, Kyoto Prefecture. He was the first president of Keijō Imperial University in Seoul, Korea, from May to July 1924 during the Japanese rule period. He was mayor of Yokohama from 1925 to 1931