Died in 1948

Jan 1 Ossi Oswalda a German actress, who mostly appeared in silent films. She was given the nickname 'The German Mary Pickford' due to her popularity at the time
Jan 2 Vicente Huidobro a Chilean poet born to an aristocratic family. He was an exponent of the artistic movement called Creacionismo , which held that a poet should bring life to the things he or she writes about, rather than just describe them
Jan 2 Pavel Lebedev-Polianskii Bolshevik revolutionary and later state functionary and literary scholar.
Jan 5 William Michaelis a German viceadmiral and head of the Naval Command within the Ministry of the Reichswehr in the Weimar Republic.
Jan 6 Theodor Liebknecht a German socialist politician.
Jan 7 Jean-Baptiste Chabot a Roman Catholic secular priest and the leading French Syriac scholar in the first half of the twentieth century.
Jan 8 Richard Tauber an Austrian tenor acclaimed as one of the greatest singers of the 20th century. Some critics commented that "his heart felt every word he sang"
Jan 8 Kurt Schwitters a German artist who was born in Hanover, Germany.
Jan 9 Violet Gordon-Woodhouse an acclaimed British harpsichordist and clavichordist, highly influential in bringing both instruments back into fashion. She was the first person to record the harpsichord, and the first to broadcast harpsichord music
Jan 13 Solomon Mikhoels a Soviet Jewish actor and the artistic director of the Moscow State Jewish Theater. Mikhoels served as the chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee during the Second World War. However, as Joseph Stalin pursued an increasingly anti-Semitic line after the War, Mikhoels' position as a leader of the Jewish community led to increasing persecution from the Soviet state. In 1948, Mikhoels was murdered on the orders of Stalin and his body was run over to create the impression of a traffic accident
Jan 15 Josephus Daniels a newspaper editor and publisher from North Carolina who was appointed by United States President Woodrow Wilson to serve as Secretary of the Navy during World War He was also a close friend and supporter of President Franklin Roosevelt and served as his Ambassador to Mexico, 1933-41.
Jan 15 Henri-Alexandre Deslandres a French astronomer, director of the Meudon and Paris Observatories, who carried out intensive studies on the behaviour of the atmosphere of the Sun.
Jan 16 Voldemārs Zāmuēls held the office as Prime Minister of Latvia from 27 January 1924 to 18 December, 1924.
Jan 19 Tony Garnier (architect) a noted architect and city planner. He was most active in his hometown of Lyon. Garnier is considered the forerunner of 20th century French architects
Jan 20 Ernst Herzfeld a German archaeologist and Iranologist.
Jan 21 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari an Italian composer and teacher. He is best known for his comic operas such as Il segreto di Susanna. A number of his works were based on plays by Carlo Goldoni, including Le donne curiose , I quatro rusteghi and Il campiello
Jan 23 Dragutin Vrđuka a Croatian football goalkeeper. He was the first goalkeeper to start for the national team of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Jan 24 Maria Mandl believed to have been directly complicit in the deaths of over 500,000 female prisoners.
Jan 26 Kâzım Karabekir a Turkish general and politician. He was commander of the Eastern Army in the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I and served as Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey before his death
Jan 26 Ignaz Friedman a Polish pianist and composer. Critics and colleagues alike placed him among the supreme piano virtuosi of his day, alongside Leopold Godowsky, Moriz Rosenthal, Josef Hofmann and Josef Lhévinne
Jan 26 John Lomax an American teacher, a pioneering musicologist and folklorist who did much for the preservation of American folk songs. He was father to John Avery Lomax, and to Alan Lomax, also a distinguished collector of folk music
Jan 28 Arthur Liebehenschel a commandant at the Auschwitz and Majdanek death camps during World War He was convicted of war crimes by the Polish government following the war and executed in 1948.
Jan 28 Hans Aumeier a Nazi war criminal, an SS-Sturmbannführer and the deputy commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp.
Jan 28 Therese Brandl a Nazi concentration camp guard. In March 1942, Brandl was one of several SS women to be assigned to Auschwitz I concentration camp. Her duties included watching over women in the sorting sheds and as the SS Rapportaufseherin
Jan 29 Prince Aimone Duke of Aosta a prince of Italy's reigning House of Savoy and an officer of the Royal Italian Navy. The second son of Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta he was granted the title Duke of Spoleto on 22 September 1904. He inherited the title Duke of Aosta on 3 March 1942 following the death of his brother Prince Amedeo, in a British prisoner of war camp in Nairobi
Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi the preeminent leader of Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma —applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,—is now used worldwide. He is also called Bapu in India
Jan 30 Arthur Coningham (RAF officer) a senior officer in the Royal Air Force. During the First World War, he was at Gallipoli with the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, was discharged in New Zealand as medically unfit for active service, and journeyed to England at his own expense to join the Royal Flying Corps, where he became a flying ace. Coningham was later a senior Royal Air Force commander during the Second World War, as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief 2nd Tactical Air Force and subsequently the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Flying Training Command
Jan 30 Wright brothers The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur , were two American brothers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903. From 1905 to 1907, the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible
Jan 31 Princess Marie Louise of Hanover and Cumberland , Princess of Great Britain and Ireland, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Marie Louise was the eldest daughter of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover and Princess Thyra of Denmark , the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. Marie Louise was a great-great-granddaughter of George III of the United Kingdom and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Feb 1 Jatindramohan Bagchi a Bengali poet and editor.
Feb 2 Tom Wilson (footballer born 1896) a footballer who was a member of the Huddersfield Town team that won the Football League three times in the 1920s.
Feb 2 Bevil Rudd a South African athlete, the 1920 Olympic Champion in the 400 m.
Feb 2 Thomas W. Lamont an American banker.
Feb 5 Johannes Blaskowitz a German general during World War He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or outstanding military leadership
Feb 6 Jadu Nath Singh a soldier of Indian Army who fought in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 in Jammu & Kashmir. He died in the battle and was later awarded with the Param Vir Chakra for his bravery in the War. He was the fourth recipient of Param Vir Chakra
Feb 7 Carl Andreas Koefoed a specialist on agrarian problems and ethnographer. At the beginning of 20th century he was active and influential in attempts to carry out agrarian reforms in Russian Empire
Feb 8 Samuel P. Bush an American industrialist. He was the patriarch of the Bush political family. He was the father of former U.S. Senator Prescott Bush, grandfather of former U.S. President George W. Bush, and great-grandfather of former U.S. President George Bush
Feb 8 Gustav Schuft a German gymnast. He competed at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens
Feb 9 Karl Valentin a Bavarian comedian, cabaret performer, clown, author and film producer. He had significant influence on German Weimar culture. Valentin starred in many silent films in the 1920s, and was sometimes called the "Charlie Chaplin of Germany"
Feb 10 Ewart Astill William Ewart Astill was, along with George Geary, the mainstay of the Leicestershire team from 1922 to about 1935. He played in nine Test matches but was never picked for a home Test or for the Ashes tour. However, for the best part of three decades he was a vital member of a generally struggling Leicestershire team. With no amateur able to play frequently for the county, Astill became the first officially appointed professional captain of any county for over fifty years in 1935. The county enjoyed a useful season, but at forty-seven years of age, Astill was only a stop gap before an amateur of the required standard and availability could be found. He was a nephew of Leicestershire fast bowler Thomas Jayes
Feb 11 Isaac Isaacs an Australian judge and politician who served as the 3rd Chief Justice of Australia and the 9th, and first Australian-born, Governor-General. He had previously served as Attorney-General in the Protectionist government of Alfred Deakin
Feb 11 Sergei Eisenstein a Soviet Russian film director and film theorist, a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage. He is noted in particular for his silent films Strike , Battleship Potemkin and October , as well as the historical epics Alexander Nevsky and Ivan the Terrible
Feb 12 Józef Świeżyński the prime minister of the Kingdom of Poland for a short time — from October 23, 1918 to November 4, 1918.
Feb 14 Mordecai Brown an American Major League Baseball pitcher at the turn of the 20th century. Due to a farm-machinery accident in his youth, Brown lost parts of two fingers on his right hand and eventually acquired his nickname as a result. Overcoming this handicap and turning it to his advantage, he became one of the elite pitchers of his era. He was known primarily for his exceptional curveball, which broke radically before reaching the plate
Feb 15 Subhadra Kumari Chauhan an Indian poet famous for Hindi poems composed primarily in Veer Ras, one of the nine Ras'.
Feb 16 István Barta a Hungarian water polo player who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics, in the 1928 Summer Olympics, and in the 1932 Summer Olympics.
Feb 16 Gennaro Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and a prominent member of the Roman Curia.
Feb 16 Richard von Kühlmann a German diplomat and industrialist. From 6 August 1917 to 9 July 1918, he served as Germany's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Feb 17 Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din became Imam of the Zaydis in 1904 and Imam of Yemen in 1918. His name in full was His majesty Amir al-Mumenin al-Mutawakkil 'Ala Allah Rab ul-Alamin Imam Yahya bin al-Mansur Bi'llah Muhammad Hamidaddin, Imam and Commander of the Faithful
Feb 23 John Robert Gregg an educator, publisher, humanitarian, and the inventor of the eponymous shorthand system Gregg Shorthand.