1948 events in history

Jan 1 The British railway network is nationalized to form British Railways
Jan 1 The Constitution of Italy comes into force
Jan 4 Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom
Jan 7 Kentucky Air National Guard pilot Thomas Mantell crashes while in pursuit of a supposed UFO
Jan 21 The Flag of Quebec is adopted and flown for the first time over the National Assembly of Quebec. The day is marked annually as Quebec Flag Day
Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi known for his non-violent freedom struggle, is assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist
Feb 4 Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka) becomes independent within the British Commonwealth
Feb 8 The formal creation of the Korean People's Army of North Korea is announced
Feb 19 The Conference of Youth and Students of Southeast Asia Fighting for Freedom and Independence convenes in Calcutta
Feb 21 NASCAR is incorporated
Feb 22 Communist revolution in Czechoslovakia
Feb 25 The Communist Party takes control of government in Czechoslovakia and the period of the Third Republic ends
Mar 17 The Benelux, France, and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Brussels, a precursor to the North Atlantic Treaty establishing NATO
Mar 18 Soviet consultants leave Yugoslavia in the first sign of the Tito-Stalin split
Mar 20 With a Musicians Union ban lifted, the first telecasts of classical music in the United States, under Eugene Ormandy and Arturo Toscanini, are given on CBS and NBC
Mar 25 The first successful tornado forecast predicts that a tornado will strike Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma
Mar 27 The Second Congress of the Workers' Party of Korea is convened
Apr 1 Faroe Islands gain autonomy from Denmark
Apr 1 Cold War: Berlin Airlift — Military forces, under direction of the Soviet-controlled government in East Germany, set-up a land blockade of West Berlin
Apr 3 In Jeju, South Korea, a civil-war-like period of violence and human rights abuses begins, known as the Jeju massacre
Apr 3 President Harry S. Truman signs the Marshall Plan, authorizing $5 billion in aid for 16 countries
Apr 7 A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead
Apr 7 The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations
Apr 9 Fighters from the Irgun and Lehi Zionist paramilitary groups attacked Deir Yassin near Jerusalem, killing over 100
Apr 9 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán's assassination provokes a violent riot in Bogotá (the Bogotazo), and a further ten years of violence in Colombia known as La violencia
Apr 13 The Hadassah medical convoy massacre: In an ambush, 79 Jewish doctors, nurses and medical students from Hadassah Hospital and a British soldier are massacred by Arabs in Sheikh Jarra near Jerusalem
Apr 19 Burma joins the United Nations
Apr 22 1948 Arab–Israeli War: Haifa, a major port of Israel, is captured from Arab forces
Apr 28 Igor Stravinsky conducted the premier of his American ballet, Orpheus, in New York City at New York City Center
Apr 30 In Bogotá, Colombia, the Organization of American States is established
May 1 The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) is established, with Kim Il-sung as leader
May 3 The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Shelley v. Kraemer that covenants prohibiting the sale of real estate to blacks and other minorities are legally unenforceable
May 7 The Council of Europe is founded during the Hague Congress
May 9 Czechoslovakia's Ninth-of-May Constitution comes into effect
May 10 The Republic of China implements "temporary provisions" granting President Chiang Kai-shek extended powers to deal with the Communist uprising; they will remain in effect until 1991
May 12 Wilhelmina, Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands cedes throne
May 13 1948 Arab-Israeli War: the Kfar Etzion massacre is committed by Arab irregulars, the day before the declaration of independence of the state of Israel on May 14
May 14 Israel is declared to be an independent state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel is attacked by the neighboring Arab states, triggering the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
May 15 Following the demise of Mandatory Palestine, the Kingdom of Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia invade Israel thus starting the 1948 Arab–Israeli War
May 18 The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking
May 20 Chiang Kai-shek is elected as the first President of the Republic of China
May 23 Thomas C. Wasson, the US Consul-General, is assassinated in Jerusalem, Israel
May 24 Arab–Israeli War: Egypt captures the Israeli kibbutz of Yad Mordechai, but the five-day effort gives Israeli forces time to prepare enough to stop the Egyptian advance a week later
May 26 The U.S. Congress passes Public Law 80-557, which permanently establishes the Civil Air Patrol as an auxiliary of the United States Air Force
May 29 Creation of the United Nations peacekeeping force the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
May 30 A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon, within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless
Jun 7 Edvard Beneš resigns as President of Czechoslovakia rather than signing the Ninth-of-May Constitution, making his nation a Communist state
Jun 8 Milton Berle hosts the debut of Texaco Star Theater
Jun 9 Foundation of the International Council on Archives under the auspices of the UNESCO
Jun 16 Members of the Malayan Communist Party kill three British plantation managers in Sungai Siput; in response, British Malaya declares a state of emergency