Died in 1949

Jan 3 Alexander Drankov a Russian photographer, cameraman, film producer, and one of the pioneers of the Russian pre-revolutionary cinematography.
Jan 5 Hermann Bohne a Norwegian gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 6 Victor Fleming an American film director, cinematographer, and producer. His most popular films were The Wizard of Oz , and Gone with the Wind , for which he won an Academy Award for Best Director. Fleming holds the achievement of being the only film director to have two films listed in the top 10 of the American Film Institute's prestigious 2007 AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies list
Jan 7 Elin Wägner a Swedish writer, journalist, feminist, teacher, ecologist and pacifist. She was a member of the Swedish Academy from 1944
Jan 8 Yoshijirō Umezu a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.
Jan 9 Tom Longboat an Onondaga distance runner from the Six Nations of the Grand River First Nation Indian reserve near Brantford, Ontario, and for much of his career the dominant long distance runner of the time. When he was a child, a Mohawk resident of the reserve, Bill Davis, who in 1901 finished second in the Boston Marathon, interested him in running races
Jan 9 Martin Grabmann a German Catholic priest, medievalist and historian of theology and philosophy. Grabmann was a pioneer of the history of medieval philosophy and has been called "the greatest Catholic scholar of his time."
Jan 10 Erich von Drygalski a German geographer, geophysicist and polar scientist, born in Königsberg, Province of Prussia.
Jan 10 Othon Friesz a French artist of the Fauvist movement.
Jan 10 Momčilo Tapavica an all-around sportsperson, competing in tennis, weightlifting, wrestling, achieving his best result in tennis by winning the singles bronze medal at the 1896 Summer Olympics. After his sporting career Tapavica became a well-known architect
Jan 11 Samuel Factor a Polish-American chess master.
Jan 14 Harry Stack Sullivan an American Neo-Freudian psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who held that the personality lives in, and has his or her being in, a complex of interpersonal relations. Having studied therapists Sigmund Freud, Adolf Meyer, and William Alanson White, he devoted years of clinical and research work to helping people with psychotic illness
Jan 14 Joaquín Turina a Spanish composer of classical music.
Jan 16 Vasily Degtyaryov a Russian weapons designer, Major General of the Engineering and Artillery Service, Doctor of Technical Sciences , and Hero of Socialist Labor. He became a CPSU member in 1941
Jan 17 Jean Galia a French rugby union and rugby league footballer and champion boxer. He is credited with establishing the sport of rugby league in France in 1934, presenting it also through the expression: jeu à treize
Jan 18 Charles Ponzi an Italian businessman and con artist in the U.S. and Canada. His aliases include Charles Ponci, Carlo and Charles Bianchi. Born in Italy, he became known in the early 1920s as a swindler in North America for his money making scheme. Charles Ponzi promised clients a 50% profit within 45 days, or 100% profit within 90 days, by buying discounted postal reply coupons in other countries and redeeming them at face value in the United States as a form of arbitrage. In reality, Ponzi was paying early investors using the investments of later investors. This type of scheme is now known as a "Ponzi scheme". His scheme ran for over a year before it collapsed, costing his "investors" $20 million
Jan 19 Benjamin Anderson an American economist of the Austrian School.
Jan 19 Alexander Serafimovich a Russian/Soviet writer and a member of the Moscow literary group Sreda.
Jan 20 Nora Gregor a stage and film actress.
Jan 22 William Thomas Walsh an historian, educator and author; he was also an accomplished violinist. His educational background included a B.A. from Yale University and an honorary Litt.D. from Fordham University. In 1914, he married Helen Gerard Sherwood, and they had six children
Jan 25 Makino Nobuaki a Japanese statesman, active from the Meiji period through the Pacific War.
Jan 27 Boris Asafyev a Russian and Soviet composer, writer, musicologist, musical critic and one of founders of Soviet musicology. He is the dedicatee of Prokofiev's First Symphony
Jan 28 Alexander Ivanovich Konovalov a Russian Kadet politician and entrepreneur. One of Russia's biggest textile manufacturers, he became a leader of the liberal, business-oriented Progressist Party and was a member of the Progressive Bloc in the Fourth Duma. During World War I he was vice president of Alexander Guchkov's Military-Industrial Committee, and after the February Revolution he became Minister of Trade and Industry in the Provisional Government. After the October Revolution he emigrated to France, where he was a leader of leftist Russian émigrés; at the start of World War II he moved to the United States
Jan 28 Jean-Pierre Wimille a Grand Prix motor racing driver and a member of the French Resistance during World War II.
Jan 29 Jakub Karol Parnas a prominent Jewish-Polish–Soviet biochemist who contributed to the discovery of the Embden–Meyerhof–Parnas pathway, together with Otto Fritz Meyerhof and Gustav Georg Embden. He became a Soviet activist after the annexation of Western Ukraine in 1939, but he was murdered during the Stalinist Doctors' Plot purge in 1949
Feb 1 N. D. Cocea Cocea was a Romanian journalist, novelist, critic and left-wing political activist, known as a major but controversial figure in the field of political satire. The founder of many newspapers and magazines, including Viața Socială, Rampa, Facla and Chemarea, collaborating with writer friends such as Tudor Arghezi, Gala Galaction and Ion Vinea, he fostered and directed the development of early modernist literature in Romania. Cocea later made his name as a republican and anticlerical agitator, was arrested as an instigator during the 1907 peasant revolt, and played a leading role in regrouping the scattered socialist clubs. His allegiances however switched between parties: during World War I, he supported the Entente Powers and, as a personal witness of the October Revolution, the government of Soviet Russia, before returning home as a communist
Feb 1 Herbert Stothart a songwriter, arranger, conductor, and composer. He was also nominated for nine Oscars, winning Best Original Score for The Wizard of Oz
Feb 5 Harry Lott an American rower who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics, winning the gold medal in the Eights. He was born in Philadelphia
Feb 6 Heinrich Köhler a German politician who served as the fifth and eighth State President of Baden and the eleventh Minister of Finance in the Weimar Republic. He was a member of the Centre Party, and later the CDU. Köhler represented the Centre Party in the Baden Landtag from 1913 to 1927
Feb 6 Ulrich Greifelt an SS-Obergruppenführer, lieutenant general of police, and convicted war criminal. He was found guilty of war crimes at the RuSHA trial at Nuremberg, sentenced to life imprisonment, and died in Landsberg Prison
Feb 10 Abe Isoo a Japanese Christian socialist, parliamentarian and pacifist.
Feb 11 Axel Munthe a Swedish physician and psychiatrist, best known as the author of The Story of San Michele, an autobiographical account of his life and work.
Feb 11 Giovanni Zenatello an Italian opera singer. Born in Verona, he enjoyed an international career as a dramatic tenor of the first rank. Otello became his most famous operatic role but he sang a wide repertoire. In 1904, he created the part of Pinkerton in Madama Butterfly
Feb 12 Hassan al-Banna a school teacher and imam, best known for founding the Muslim Brotherhood, one of the largest and most influential 20th century Muslim revivalist organizations.
Feb 14 Yusuf Salman Yusuf an ethnic Assyrian and Christian was one of the first Iraqi communist activists and was first secretary of the Iraqi Communist Party from 1941 until his death on the gallows in 1949. He is generally credited with a vital role in the party’s rapid organizational growth in the 1940s. For the last two years of his life he directed the party from prison
Feb 15 Roger François a French weightlifter. He competed at the 1924, 1928 and 1932 Summer Olympics in the middleweight category and finished in sixth, first and fourth place, respectively. François won the world title in 1922 and set seven world records between 1922 and 1928: two in the press, four in the snatch, and one in the total. Four of those records were unofficial
Feb 17 Ellery Harding Clark an American track and field athlete. He was the first modern Olympic champion in high jump and long jump
Feb 18 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora a Spanish lawyer and politician who served, briefly, as the first prime minister of the Second Spanish Republic, and then—from 1931 to 1936—as its president.
Feb 21 Tan Malaka a teacher, Indonesian philosopher, PKI activist, and an Indonesian national hero.
Feb 28 Paul Haensel Russian and American financier, economist and scholar.
Feb 28 Ivan Eastman an American sport shooter, who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Mar 2 Sarojini Naidu a child prodigy, Indian independence activist and poet. Naidu served as the first governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh from 1947 to 1949; the first woman to become the governor of an Indian state. She was the second woman to become the president of the Indian National Congress in 1925 and the first Indian woman to do so
Mar 2 Nuri Killigil a general in the Ottoman Army. He was the half-brother of Ottoman Minister of War, Enver Pasha. During World War II, he founded the Turkestan legion of the Schutzstaffel, the major paramilitary of Nazi Germany
Mar 2 Eduard Dyckhoff a German doctor of law and chess player. He won the Bavarian Chess Championship in 1913 and again in 1942, and is often considered an important figure in the development of correspondence chess in the early 20th century. Dyckhoff was born in Augsburg and died in Bad Tölz
Mar 4 James Rowland Angell an American psychologist and educator. He served as the president of Yale University between 1921 and 1937. His father, James Burrill Angell , was president of the University of Vermont from 1866 to 1871 and then the University of Michigan from 1871 to 1909
Mar 4 Clarence Kingsbury a British track cyclist who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics. He belonged to the Paddington and North End cycling clubs
Mar 4 George Larner an English athlete who competed mainly in the 10-mile walk. He was a multi-time Amateur Athletic Association of England champion, and won two gold medals at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London
Mar 4 Karolina Widerström a Swedish doctor and gynecologist. She was the first official female physician with a university education in her country. She was also a feminist and a politician, and engaged in the questions of sexual education and female suffrage. She was chairman of the Swedish Society for Woman Suffrage and a member of the Stockholm city council
Mar 6 Edwin H. Colpitts a communications pioneer best known for his invention of the Colpitts oscillator. As research branch chief for Western Electric in the early 1900s, he and scientists under his direction achieved significant advances in the development of oscillators and vacuum tube push-pull amplifiers. In 1915, his team successfully demonstrated the first transatlantic radio telephone. Colpitts died at home in 1949 in Orange, NJ, USA and his body was interred in Point de Bute, New Brunswick, Canada. He was survived by his wife Grace Penney Colpitts and his son Donald Colpitts
Mar 7 Bradbury Robinson a pioneering American football player, physician, and local politician. He played college football at the University of Wisconsin in 1903 and at Saint Louis University from 1904 to 1907. In 1904, through personal connections to Wisconsin governor Robert La Follette, and his wife, Belle Case, Robinson learned of calls for reforms to the game of football from President Theodore Roosevelt, and began to develop tactics for passing. After moving to Saint Louis University, Robinson threw the first legal forward pass in the history of American football on September 5, 1906, at a game at Carroll College in Waukesha, Wisconsin. He became the sport's first triple threat man, excelling at running, passing, and kicking