1949 events in history

Jan 1 United Nations cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly
Jan 2 Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico
Jan 3 The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the central bank of the Philippines, is established
Jan 5 United States President Harry S. Truman unveils his Fair Deal program
Jan 11 A record-setting snowstorm hits Los Angeles, California
Jan 11 The first "networked" television broadcasts take place as KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania goes on the air connecting the east coast and mid-west programming
Jan 15 Chinese Civil War: The Communist forces take over Tianjin from the Nationalist Government
Jan 17 The Goldbergs, the first sitcom on American television, airs for the first time
Jan 19 Cuba recognizes Israel
Jan 20 Point Four Program a program for economic aid to poor countries announced by United States President Harry S. Truman in his inaugural address for a full term as President
Jan 25 At the Hollywood Athletic Club the first Emmy Awards are presented
Jan 26 The Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory sees first light under the direction of Edwin Hubble, becoming the largest aperture optical telescope (until BTA-6 is built in 1976)
Jan 31 These Are My Children, the first television daytime soap opera is broadcast by the NBC station in Chicago
Feb 8 Cardinal Mindszenty of Hungary is sentenced for treason
Feb 14 The Asbestos Strike begins in Canada. The strike marks the beginning of the Quiet Revolution in Quebec
Feb 14 The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convenes for the first time
Feb 15 Gerald Lankester Harding and Roland de Vaux begin excavations at Cave 1 of the Qumran Caves, where they will eventually discover the first seven Dead Sea Scrolls
Feb 17 Chaim Weizmann begins his term as the first President of Israel
Feb 19 Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University
Mar 2 The first automatic street light is installed in New Milford, Connecticut
Mar 2 Captain James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress Lucky Lady II in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute
Mar 8 President of France Vincent Auriol and ex-emperor Bảo Đại sign the Élysée Accords, giving Vietnam greater independence from France and creating the State of Vietnam to oppose Viet Minh-led Democratic Republic of Vietnam
Mar 8 Mildred Gillars ("Axis Sally") is condemned to prison for treason
Mar 25 The extensive deportation campaign known as March deportation is conducted in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to force collectivisation by way of terror. The Soviet authorities deport more than 92,000 people from the Baltics to remote areas of the Soviet Union
Mar 30 A riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joins NATO
Mar 31 The Dominion of Newfoundland joins the Canadian Confederation and becomes the 10th Province of Canada
Apr 1 Chinese Civil War: The Chinese Communist Party holds unsuccessful peace talks with the Nationalist Party in Beijing, after three years of fighting
Apr 1 The 26 counties of the Irish Free State become Ireland
Apr 1 The Government of Canada repeals Japanese Canadian internment after seven years
Apr 4 Twelve nations sign the North Atlantic Treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Apr 5 A fire in a hospital in Effingham, Illinois, kills 77 people and leads to nationwide fire code improvements in the United States
Apr 5 Fireside Theater debuts on television
Apr 17 At midnight 26 Irish counties officially leave the British Commonwealth. A 21-gun salute on O'Connell Bridge, Dublin, ushers in the Republic of Ireland
Apr 18 The keel for the aircraft carrier USS United States is laid down at Newport News Drydock and Shipbuilding. However, construction is canceled five days later, resulting in the Revolt of the Admirals
Apr 23 Chinese Civil War: Establishment of the People's Liberation Army Navy
Apr 28 Former First Lady of the Philippines Aurora Quezon, 61, is assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and ten others are also killed
May 4 The entire Torino football team (except for two players who did not take the trip: Sauro Tomà, due to an injury and Renato Gandolfi, because of coach request) is killed in a plane crash at the Superga hill at the edge of Turin, Italy
May 5 The Treaty of London establishes the Council of Europe in Strasbourg as the first European institution working for European integration
May 6 EDSAC, the first practical electronic digital stored-program computer, runs its first operation
May 9 Rainier III of Monaco becomes Prince of Monaco
May 11 Siam officially changes its name to Thailand for the second time. The name had been in use since 1939 but was reverted in 1945
May 11 Israel joins the United Nations
May 12 The western occupying powers approve the Basic Law for the new German state: The Federal Republic of Germany
May 12 The Soviet Union lifts its blockade of Berlin
May 20 In the United States, the Armed Forces Security Agency, the predecessor to the National Security Agency, is established
May 23 The Federal Republic of Germany is established and the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany is proclaimed
Jun 5 Thailand elects Orapin Chaiyakan, the first female member of Thailand's Parliament
Jun 8 The celebrities Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni and Edward G. Robinson are named in an FBI report as Communist Party members
Jun 8 George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four is published
Jun 14 Albert II, a rhesus monkey, rides a V2 rocket to an altitude of 134 km (83 mi), thereby becoming the first monkey in space