Died in 1952

Jan 2 Lajos Kmetykó an Hungarian gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 2 Louis Valtat a French painter and printmaker associated with the Fauves , who first exhibited together in 1905 at the Salon d'Automne. He is noted as a key figure in the stylistic transition in painting from Monet to Matisse
Jan 4 Constant Permeke considered the leading figure of Flemish expressionism.
Jan 5 Hristo Tatarchev a Bulgarian revolutionary and first leader of the revolutionary movement in Macedonia and Eastern Thrace. He wrote the memoirs The First Central Committee of the IMRO. He authored several political journalism works between the First and Second World Wars. He is considered an ethnic Macedonian in the Republic of Macedonia
Jan 5 Victor Hope 2nd Marquess of Linlithgow a British statesman who served as Governor-General and Viceroy of India from 1936 to 1943.
Jan 7 Colin McLatchie a Scottish footballer who played for Sunderland as a winger. He made his Sunderland debut on 5 November 1898 against Wolverhampton Wanderers in a 2–0 defeat at the Molineux Stadium. He won the 1902 English Football League Championship while with Sunderland. In total, he made 121 league appearances and scored 31 goals. McLatchie later played with Grimsby Town and Preston North End
Jan 8 Antonia Maury an American astronomer who published an important early catalog of stellar spectra.
Jan 9 Paul Ausserleitner an Austrian ski jumper. He died in a tragic accident in Bischofshofen's ski jumping hill while on a training jump in 1952. To honour his memory, the hill was renamed after the accident to Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze. Ausserleitner holds the hill record in the K-50 hill in Gaisberg, Salzburg with 55 metres. The Gaisberg hill was later destroyed
Jan 10 Bones Ely a shortstop in Major League Baseball. He was born in North Girard, Pennsylvania
Jan 11 Jean de Lattre de Tassigny a French military hero of World War II and commander in the First Indochina War.
Jan 11 Aureliano Pertile an Italian lyric-dramatic tenor. Many critics consider him one of the most exciting operatic artists of the inter-war period, and one of the most important tenors of the entire 20th century
Jan 11 Stanisław Stempowski a Polish-Ukrainian politician and Grand Master of the National Grand Lodge of Poland.
Jan 12 Walter Tammas a British tug of war competitor who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 14 Artur Kapp an Estonian composer.
Jan 14 Almas Ildyrym an Azerbaijani poet. After the Bolsheviks established their power in Azerbaijan in 1920, the fact that Ildyrym had been born into a wealthy merchant family plagued him for the rest of his life. Though he was accepted to the faculty of Oriental Literature at Azerbaijan State University, it was not long before they dismissed him because of his family origins
Jan 15 Ned Hanlon (politician) an Australian politician, who was Premier of Queensland from 1946 to 1952.
Jan 16 René Voisin a French trumpeter.
Jan 17 Walter Briggs Sr. an American entrepreneur and professional sports owner. He was part-owner of the Detroit Tigers in Major League Baseball from 1919 to 1935, and then sole owner from 1935 to his death in 1952. Briggs also helped found the Detroit Zoo in 1928, and personally paid for many of its first exhibits. He was also a patron of Eastern Michigan University and the Detroit Symphony Orchestra
Jan 18 Curly Howard an American comedian and vaudevillian actor. He was best known as the most outrageous member of the American slapstick comedy team The Three Stooges, which also featured his older brothers Moe Howard and Shemp Howard and actor Larry Fine. Curly was generally considered the most popular and recognizable of the Stooges. He was well known for his high-pitched voice and vocal expressions as well as his physical comedy, improvisations, and athleticism
Jan 18 Jonas Staugaitis the acting President of Lithuania during the December 1926 coup d'état. He was formally elected for few hours as the Speaker of Seimas; as the highest-ranked official, he became de jure the President of Lithuania. He renounced the office after the coup d'état was complete
Jan 19 Archduke Maximilian Eugen of Austria a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and the younger brother of the Emperor Charles I of Austria. From April 10, 1919 according to republican Austrian law his name was Maximilian Eugen Habsburg-Lothringen
Jan 19 Walter Tennyson Swingle an American agricultural botanist who contributed greatly to the classification and taxonomy of citrus.
Jan 19 Sunao Tawara a Japanese pathologist known for Node of Tawara.
Jan 20 Pat Morris Neff the 28th Governor of Texas from 1921 to 1925 and ninth President of Baylor University from 1932 to 1947.
Jan 21 Ivan Kamera a Soviet military officer who held several commands as an artillery general during World War II, most notably during the Soviet counterattack at Yartsevo and as artillery chief for the Soviet Union's Western Front.
Jan 23 Yakov Frenkel a Soviet physicist renowned for his works in the field of condensed matter physics. He is also known as Jacov Frenkel
Jan 23 Natalia Brasova a Russian noblewoman who married, as her third husband, Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia.
Jan 25 Polly Moran an American actress and comedian.
Jan 25 Sveinn Björnsson the first President of the Republic of Iceland.
Jan 26 Lodewijk van Deyssel the pseudonym of Karel Joan Lodewijk Alberdingk Thijm , a Dutch novelist, prose-poet and literary critic and a leading member of the Tachtigers. He was a son of Joseph Alberdingk Thijm
Jan 26 Khorloogiin Choibalsan the Communist leader of the Mongolian People's Republic and Marshal of the Mongolian armed forces from the 1930s until his death in 1952. His rule marked the first and last time in modern Mongolian history that a single individual amassed complete political power. Often referred to as “the Stalin of Mongolia”, Choibalsan oversaw violent Soviet-ordered purges in the late 1930s that resulted in the deaths of an estimated 30,000 to 35,000 Mongolians. Most of the victims were Buddhist clergy, intelligentsia, political dissidents, ethnic Buryats and Khazaks, and other "enemies of the revolution." His intense persecution of Mongolia's Buddhists brought about their near complete extinction in the country
Jan 28 Sergei Trufanov a lapsed hieromonk, a charismatic churchman, an enfant terrible of the Orthodox church, and panslavist. In his youth he was influenced by ideas of the Don Kossacks coming from this region
Jan 31 George Howells Broadhurst an Anglo-American theatre owner/manager, director, producer and playwright.
Feb 2 Callistratus of Georgia a Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia from June 21, 1932 until his death. His full title was His Holiness and Beatitude, Archbishop of Mtskheta-Tbilisi and Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia
Feb 3 Francis W. Pennell an American botanist best known for his studies of the Scrophulariaceae. Employed by the New York Botanical Garden and then by the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, he carried out botanical research in both North America and South America
Feb 3 Harold L. Ickes a United States administrator and politician. He served as United States Secretary of the Interior for 13 years, from 1933 to 1946, the longest tenure of anyone to hold the office, and the second longest serving Cabinet member in U.S. history next to James Wilson. Ickes was responsible for implementing much of President Franklin Roosevelt's "New Deal" and is the father of Harold Ickes. He and Labor Secretary Frances Perkins were the only original members of the Roosevelt cabinet who remained in office for his entire presidency
Feb 4 Hakob Manandyan an Armenian historian, philologist, and academician of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Feb 4 Louise d'Orléans Princess of Bavaria (1869–1952) a French princess of the House of Orléans and a member of the royal family of Bavaria. Throughout her life Louise remained very close to her first cousin, the Austrian archduchess Marie Valerie of Habsburg-Lorraine
Feb 5 Adela Verne a notable English pianist and minor composer of German descent, born in Southampton. She was considered one of the greatest woman pianists of her era, ranked alongside the male keyboard giants of the time. She toured with great success in many parts of the world
Feb 6 George VI King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth
Feb 6 Georgy Shpagin a Russian weapons designer. He is best known as the creator of the famous PPSh-41 submachine gun, as well as working with Vasily Degtyaryov on the DShK heavy machine gun
Feb 7 Norman Douglas a British writer, now best known for his 1917 novel South Wind.
Feb 7 Pete Henry a professional American football player and coach in the National Football League. He later worked for more than 20 years as athletic director and occasional football coach at Washington & Jefferson College, his alma mater
Feb 7 D. D. Morduhai-Boltovskoi a Russian mathematician, best known for his work in analysis, differential Galois theory, number theory, hyperbolic geometry, and history of mathematics. He is also known for his annotated translation of Euclid's Elements into Russian, still considered the best of a kind
Feb 10 Henry Drysdale Dakin an English chemist.
Feb 10 Macedonio Fernández an Argentine writer, humorist, and philosopher. His writings included novels, stories, poetry, journalism, and works not easily classified. He was a mentor to Jorge Luis Borges and other avant-garde Argentine writers. Seventeen years of his correspondence with Borges was published in 2000. He also published poetry, including "Creía yo"
Feb 10 George Andrew Davis Jr. a highly decorated fighter pilot and flying ace of the United States Army Air Forces in World War II, and later of the US Air Force during the Korean War. Davis rose to the rank of major, and was promoted posthumously to lieutenant colonel and awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in "MiG Alley" during the latter war. He was the only flying ace of the United States to be killed in action in Korea
Feb 11 Matija Murko a Slovene scholar, known mostly for his work on oral epic traditions in Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian.
Feb 13 Alfred Einstein a German-American musicologist and music editor. He is best known for being the editor of the first major revision of the Köchel catalogue, which was published in the year 1936. The Köchel catalogue is the extensive catalogue of the works of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Einstein was known to have had such a depth of familiarity with Mozart that he had something pertinent to say about every piece Mozart wrote
Feb 13 Josephine Tey a pseudonym used by Elizabeth Mackintosh a Scottish author best known for her mystery novels. She also wrote as Gordon Daviot, under which name she wrote plays with an historical theme