1952 events in history

Jan 14 NBC's long-running morning news program Today debuts, with host Dave Garroway
Jan 26 Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burn Cairo's central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses
Feb 6 Elizabeth II becomes queen regnant of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms upon the death of her father, George VI. At the exact moment of succession, she was in a tree house at the Treetops Hotel in Kenya
Feb 8 Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom
Feb 15 King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle
Feb 20 Emmett Ashford becomes the first African-American umpire in organized baseball by being authorized to be a substitute umpire in the Southwestern International League
Feb 21 The British government, under Winston Churchill, abolishes identity cards in the UK to "set the people free"
Feb 21 The Bengali Language Movement protests occur at the University of Dhaka in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh)
Feb 26 Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor-General of Canada
Feb 29 The island of Heligoland is restored to German authority
Mar 10 Fulgencio Batista leads a successful coup in Cuba and appoints himself as the "provisional president"
Mar 15 In Cilaos, Réunion, 1870 mm (73 inches) of rain falls in a 24-hour period, setting a new world record (March 15 through March 16)
Mar 20 The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan
Mar 21 Alan Freed presents the Moondog Coronation Ball, the first rock and roll concert, in Cleveland, Ohio
Apr 8 U.S. President Harry Truman calls for the seizure of all domestic steel mills to prevent a nationwide strike
Apr 9 Hugo Ballivián's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
Apr 11 The Battle of Nanri Island takes place
Apr 15 The maiden flight of the B-52 Stratofortress
Apr 21 Secretary's Day (now Administrative Professionals' Day) is first celebrated
Apr 28 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Allied Commander of NATO
Apr 28 Occupied Japan: The United States occupation of Japan ends as the Treaty of San Francisco, ratified September 8, 1951, comes into force
Apr 28 The Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty (Treaty of Taipei) is signed in Taipei, Taiwan between Japan and the Republic of China to officially end the Second Sino-Japanese War
May 2 The world's first ever jet airliner, the De Havilland Comet 1 makes its maiden flight, from London to Johannesburg
May 3 The Kentucky Derby is televised nationally for the first time, on the CBS network
May 3 Lieutenant Colonels Joseph O. Fletcher and William P. Benedict of the United States land a plane at the North Pole
May 7 The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey W.A. Dummer
May 12 Gaj Singh is crowned Maharaja of Jodhpur
May 13 The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India, holds its first sitting
May 28 The women of Greece are granted the right to vote
Jun 13 Catalina affair: A Swedish Douglas DC-3 is shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 fighter
Jun 14 The keel is laid for the nuclear submarine USS Nautilus
Jun 21 The Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, is converted to Philippine College of Commerce, later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Jun 26 The Pan-Malayan Labour Party is founded in Malaya, as a union of statewide labour parties
Jun 27 Guatemala passes Decree 900, ordering the redistribution of uncultivated land
Jul 3 The SS United States sets sail on her maiden voyage to Southampton. During the voyage, the ship takes the Blue Riband away from the RMS Queen Mary
Jul 3 The Constitution of Puerto Rico is approved by the Congress of the United States
Jul 7 The ocean liner SS United States passes Bishop Rock on her maiden voyage, breaking the transatlantic speed record to become the fastest passenger ship in the world
Jul 19 The 1952 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were opened in Helsinki, Finland
Jul 23 The European Coal and Steel Community is established
Jul 23 General Muhammad Naguib leads the Free Officers Movement (formed by Gamal Abdel Nasser, the real power behind the coup) in overthrowing King Farouk of Egypt
Jul 25 The U.S. non-incorporated territory of Puerto Rico adopts a constitution
Jul 26 King Farouk of Egypt abdicates in favor of his son Fuad
Aug 11 Hussein bin Talal is proclaimed King of Jordan
Aug 12 The Night of the Murdered Poets: Thirteen prominent Jewish intellectuals are murdered in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union
Aug 15 A flash flood drenches the town of Lynmouth, England, United Kingdom, killing 34 people
Aug 22 The penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed
Sep 1 The Old Man and the Sea, the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Ernest Hemingway, is first published
Sep 6 The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation makes its first televised broadcast on the second escape of the Boyd Gang
Sep 6 A prototype aircraft crashes at the Farnborough Airshow in Hampshire, England, killing 29 spectators and the two on board
Sep 12 Strange occurrences, including a monster sighting, take place in Flatwoods, West Virginia