1953 events in history

Jan 3 Frances P. Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress
Jan 6 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Rangoon, Burma
Jan 13 An article appears in Pravda accusing some of the most prestigious and prominent doctors, mostly Jews, in the Soviet Union of taking part in a vast plot to poison members of the top Soviet political and military leadership
Jan 14 Josip Broz Tito is inaugurated as the first President of Yugoslavia
Jan 19 71.7% of all television sets in the United States are tuned into I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth
Jan 31 A North Sea flood causes over 1,800 deaths in the Netherlands and over 300 in the United Kingdom
Feb 1 North Sea flood of 1953 (Dutch, Watersnoodramp, literally "flood disaster") was a major flood caused by a heavy storm, that occurred on the night of Saturday, 31 January 1953 and morning of Sunday, 1 February 1953. The floods struck the Netherlands, Belgium, England and Scotland
Feb 11 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower refuses a clemency appeal for Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Feb 11 The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel
Feb 15 Parliamentary elections held in Liechtenstein
Feb 19 Censorship: Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States
Feb 28 James D. Watson and Francis Crick announce to friends that they have determined the chemical structure of DNA; the formal announcement takes place on April 25 following publication in April's Nature (pub. April 2)
Mar 1 Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses; he dies four days later
Mar 3 A Canadian Pacific Airlines De Havilland Comet crashes in Karachi, Pakistan, killing 11
Mar 6 Georgy Malenkov succeeds Joseph Stalin as Premier of the Soviet Union and First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Mar 18 An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 265 people
Apr 8 Mau Mau leader Jomo Kenyatta is convicted by Kenya's British rulers
Apr 10 Warner Bros. premieres the first 3-D film from a major American studio, entitled House of Wax
Apr 13 CIA director Allen Dulles launches the mind-control program Project MKULTRA
Apr 16 Queen Elizabeth II launches the Royal Yacht HMY Britannia
Apr 24 Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II
Apr 25 Francis Crick and James D. Watson publish "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid" describing the double helix structure of DNA
Apr 27 Operation Moolah is initiated by U.S. General Mark W. Clark against Communist pilots in the Korean War
Apr 29 The first U.S. experimental 3D television broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV
Apr 30 In Warner Robins, Georgia, an F4 tornado kills 18 people
May 4 Ernest Hemingway wins the Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea
May 11 The 1953 Waco tornado outbreak: an F5 tornado hits downtown Waco, Texas, killing 114
May 15 Cubmaster Don Murphy organized the first pinewood derby, in Manhattan Beach, California, by Pack 280c
May 16 American journalist William N. Oatis is released after serving 22 months of a ten-year prison sentence for espionage in Czechoslovakia
May 18 Jackie Cochran becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier
May 25 Nuclear testing: At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conduct their first and only nuclear artillery test
May 25 The first public television station in the United States officially begins broadcasting as KUHT from the campus of the University of Houston
May 29 Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay become the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest, on Tenzing Norgay's (adopted) 39th birthday
Jun 2 The coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, who is crowned Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Her Other Realms and Territories & Head of the Commonwealth, the first major international event to be televised
Jun 8 An F5 tornado hits Beecher, Michigan, killing 116, injuring 844, and destroying 340 homes
Jun 8 The United States Supreme Court rules that restaurants in Washington, D.C., cannot refuse to serve black patrons
Jun 9 Flint–Worcester tornado outbreak sequence: a tornado spawned from the same storm system as the Flint tornado hits in Worcester, Massachusetts, killing 94
Jun 17 East Germany Workers Uprising: In East Germany, the Soviet Union orders a division of troops into East Berlin to quell a rebellion
Jun 18 A United States Air Force C-124 crashes and burns near Tachikawa, Japan, killing 129
Jun 18 The Egyptian Revolution of 1952 ends with the overthrow of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty and the declaration of the Republic of Egypt
Jun 19 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are executed at Sing Sing, in New York
Jun 26 Lavrentiy Beria, head of MVD, is arrested by Nikita Khrushchev and other members of the Politburo
Jun 30 The first Chevrolet Corvette rolls off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan
Jul 7 Ernesto "Che" Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador
Jul 17 The largest number of United States midshipman casualties in a single event results from an aircraft crash in Florida killing 44
Jul 26 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek raid
Jul 26 Soldiers from the 2nd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment repel a number of Chinese assaults against a key position known as The Hook during the Battle of the Samichon River, just hours before the Armistice Agreement is signed, ending the Korean War
Jul 26 Fidel Castro leads an unsuccessful attack on the Moncada Barracks, thus beginning the Cuban Revolution. The movement took the name of the date: 26th of July Movement
Jul 27 Fighting in the Korean War ends when the United States, China, and North Korea sign an armistice agreement. Syngman Rhee, President of South Korea, refuses to sign but pledges to observe the armistice
Aug 10 First Indochina War: The French Union withdraws its forces from Operation Camargue against the Viet Minh in central Vietnam