Died in 1954

Jan 1 Leonard Bacon (poet) an American poet, translator, and literary critic. He graduated from Yale University in 1909, and subsequently taught at University of California, Berkeley until his retirement in 1923. In 1923, he started publishing poetry in the Saturday Review of Literature under the pseudonym 'Autholycus'. He and his family lived in Florence, Italy from 1927 to 1932. He won the 1940 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for his satiric poems Sunderland Capture. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1942
Jan 1 José Millán Astray a Spanish soldier, the founder and first commander of the Spanish Foreign Legion, and a major early figure of Francisco Franco's Regime in Spain.
Jan 1 Duff Cooper a British Conservative Party politician, diplomat and author. He wrote six books, including an autobiography, Old Men Forget, and a biography of the French diplomat Talleyrand. He wrote one novel, Operation Heartbreak , which has been republished by Persephone Books
Jan 5 Rabbit Maranville a Major League Baseball shortstop. At the time of his retirement in 1935, he had played in a record 23 seasons in the National League, a mark which wasn't broken until 1986 by Pete Rose
Jan 6 Roberto Gomes Pedrosa a former Brazilian football player. He has played for Brazil national team. There was a tournament named after him
Jan 7 Marfa Kryukova a Russian folklore performer and a storyteller.
Jan 8 Eduard Wiiralt an Estonian artist.
Jan 9 Eugen Coca a Moldovan composer and violinist. He wrote two symphonies and two symphonic poems. One of his masterpieces is the opera Pasǎrea Maiastrǎ, based on the folk legend of Maiastra, the central character of which is a magic bird. The Maiastra motif has become known worldwide thanks to Romanian sculptor Constantin Brâncuși, who gave it expression in bronze and marble. He died in Chişinău in 1954
Jan 10 Chester Wilmot an Australian war correspondent who reported for the BBC and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation during the Second World War. After the war he continued to work as a broadcast reporter, and wrote a well-appreciated book about the liberation of Europe. He was killed in the crash of a BOAC Comet over the Mediterranean Sea
Jan 11 Oscar Straus (composer) a Viennese composer of operettas and film scores and songs. He also wrote about 500 cabaret songs, chamber music, and orchestral and choral works. His original name was actually Strauss, but for professional purposes he deliberately omitted the final 's', since he wished not to be associated with the musical Strauss family of Vienna. However, he did follow the advice of Johann Strauss II in 1898 about abandoning the prospective lure of writing waltzes for the more lucrative business of writing for the theatre
Jan 11 John Simon 1st Viscount Simon a British politician who held senior Cabinet posts from the beginning of the First World War to the end of the Second. He is one of only three people to have served as Home Secretary, Foreign Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer, the others being R.A. Butler and James Callaghan. He also served as Lord Chancellor, the most senior position in the British legal system. Beginning his career as a Liberal, he joined the National Government in 1931, creating the Liberal National Party in the process. At the end of his career, he was essentially a Conservative
Jan 16 Baburao Painter an Indian film director.
Jan 16 Mikhail Prishvin a Russian/Soviet writer.
Jan 17 Andriy Livytskyi a Ukrainian politician, diplomat, statesman, and lawyer.
Jan 18 Sydney Greenstreet an English actor. He is best remembered for his Warner Bros. films with Humphrey Bogart and Peter Lorre, which include The Maltese Falcon and Casablanca
Jan 19 Richard Thurnwald an Austrian anthropologist.
Jan 19 Mohamed Amin Didi a Maldivian political figure. He served as the first president of the Maldives and as the head of government between January 1, 1953 and August 21, 1953. Ameen Didi was also the principal of Majeediyya School from 1946 to 1953. Amin Didi had one daughter, Ameena Ameen. His grandson Ameen Faisal was the former Minister of Defence and National Security of Maldives. His other grandchildren are Ibrahim Faisal, Farahanaz Faisal and Aishath Shuweykar
Jan 19 Theodor Kaluza a German mathematician and physicist known for the Kaluza–Klein theory involving field equations in five-dimensional space. His idea that fundamental forces can be unified by introducing additional dimensions re-emerged much later in string theory
Jan 20 Fred Root an English cricketer who played for England in 1926 and for Derbyshire between 1910 to 1920 and for Worcestershire between 1921 and 1932.
Jan 22 Princess Margaret of Prussia a daughter of Frederick III, German Emperor and Victoria, Princess Royal and the younger sister of Kaiser Wilhelm She married Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse. In 1926 they became Landgrave and Landgravine of Hesse. She lost three sons in both World Wars I and II
Jan 25 Damyan Velchev a Bulgarian politician and general.
Jan 26 M. N. Roy an Indian revolutionary, radical activist and political theorist. Roy was a founder of the communist parties in Mexico and India, and a delegate to congresses of the Communist International and Russia's aide to China. Following the rise of Joseph Stalin, Roy left the mainline communist movement to pursue an independent radical politics. In 1940 Roy was instrumental in the formation of the Radical Democratic Party, an organisation in which he played a leading role for much of the decade of the 1940s. Roy later moved away from Marxism to become an exponent of the philosophy of radical humanism
Jan 28 Eugeniusz Romer a distinguished Polish geographer, cartographer and geopolitician, whose maps and atlases are still highly valued by Polish experts.
Jan 28 Ernest Esclangon a French astronomer and mathematician.
Jan 29 George Cattanach a Canadian lacrosse player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 31 Edwin Howard Armstrong an American electrical engineer and inventor. He has been called "the most prolific and influential inventor in radio history". He invented the regenerative circuit while he was an undergraduate and patented it in 1914, followed by the super-regenerative circuit in 1922, and the superheterodyne receiver in 1918. Armstrong was also the inventor of modern frequency modulation radio transmission
Jan 31 Vivian Woodward an English amateur football player who enjoyed the peak of his career in the late 1900s and early 1910s. He played for Tottenham Hotspur and Chelsea
Jan 31 Florence Bates an American character actress who often played grande dame characters in her films.
Feb 1 Yvonne de Bray a French stage and film actress. She was born Yvonne Laurence Blanche de Bray in Paris and died there
Feb 2 Hella Wuolijoki an Estonian-born Finnish writer known for her Niskavuori series.
Feb 3 Ionel Teodoreanu a Romanian novelist and lawyer. He is mostly remembered for his books on the themes of childhood and adolescence
Feb 5 Alberto Braglia an Italian gymnast who won three gold medals at the 1908 and 1912 Olympics.
Feb 6 Paul Althouse an American opera singer. He began his career as a lyric tenor with a robust Italianate sound, excelling in roles like Cavaradossi, Pinkerton, and Turiddu. He later branched out into the dramatic tenor repertoire, finding particular success in portraying Wagnerian heroes. He enjoyed a particularly fruitful association with the Metropolitan Opera in New York City
Feb 10 Wilhelm Schmidt (linguist) an Austrian linguist, anthropologist, and ethnologist.
Feb 10 Francisco de Assis Rosa e Silva a Brazilian politician who was Vice President of Brazil from November 15, 1898 to November 15, 1902 under Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales.
Feb 10 Väinö Ikonen a Finnish wrestler. He was born in Tuusniemi. He won an Olympic bronze medal in Greco-Roman wrestling in 1924. He won a gold medal at the 1921 World Wrestling Championships
Feb 10 Fernando de Melo Viana a Brazilian politician who was Vice President of Brazil from November 15, 1926 to October 24, 1930 under Washington Luís.
Feb 11 Adolph M. Christianson a justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court.
Feb 12 Dziga Vertov a Soviet pioneer documentary film, newsreel director and cinema theorist. His filming practices and theories influenced the cinéma vérité style of documentary moviemaking and the Dziga Vertov Group, a radical filmmaking cooperative which was active in the 1960s
Feb 12 Kotaro Honda a Japanese scientist and inventor. He invented KS steel , which is a type of magnetic resistant steel that is three times more resistant than tungsten steel. He later improved upon the steel, creating NKS steel. The NKS steel was mentioned by Taiichi Ohno in his book, as being one of the Japanese materials development results after the Second world war. He was awarded the Culture Award and the Big Asahi Ribbon of the First Class. He was taught by the famous Japanese physicist Hantaro Nagaoka at the University of Tokyo. He was one of the first persons to be awarded the Order of Culture when it was established in 1937, being conferred with the honor in 1951. He was posthumously awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun. He participated in establishing the from 1940
Feb 13 Agnes Macphail the first woman to be elected to the Canadian House of Commons, and one of the first two women elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Active throughout her life in progressive Canadian politics, Macphail worked for two separate parties and promoted her ideas through column-writing, activist organizing, and legislation
Feb 13 Frederick Lewis Allen the editor of Harper's Magazine and also notable as an American historian of the first half of the twentieth century. His specialty was writing about what was at the time recent and popular history. He studied at Groton and graduated from Harvard University in 1912 and received his Master's in 1913. He taught at Harvard briefly thereafter before becoming assistant editor of the Atlantic Monthly in 1914, and then managing editor of The Century in 1916. He began working for Harper's in 1923, becoming editor-in-chief in 1941, a position he held until shortly before his death. His wife, Dorothy Penrose Allen, died just prior to the publication of Only Yesterday
Feb 14 Henri Laurent a French fencer who competed in the early 20th century.
Feb 16 Senda Berenson Abbott a pioneer of women's basketball, authoring the first Basketball Guide for Women. She was inducted to the Basketball Hall of Fame as a contributor on July 1, 1985, the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 1987, and into the Women's Basketball Hall of Fame in 1999
Feb 19 Vladimir Wiese a Russian scientist of German descent who devoted his life to the study of the Arctic ice pack. His name is associated with the Scientific Prediction of Ice Conditions theory
Feb 19 Erik Norberg a Swedish gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 21 Augustin Lesage a French coal miner who became painter and artist through the help of what he considered to be spirit voices. He was untrained and is considered an Outsider artist, part of Art Brut
Feb 23 Jacques Mieses a German-born chess Grandmaster and writer. He became a naturalized British citizen after World War II.p258
Feb 24 Ferenc Herczeg a Hungarian playwright and author who promoted conservative nationalist opinion in his country. He founded and edited the magazine Új Idők in 1895. In 1896 he was elected to parliament and in 1901 became the president of the Petőfi Society
Feb 25 Auguste Perret a French architect and a world leader and specialist in reinforced concrete construction. In 2005, his post-World War II reconstruction of Le Havre was declared by UNESCO one of the World Heritage Sites