1954 events in history

Jan 1 NBC makes the first coast-to-coast NTSC color broadcast when it telecast the Tournament of Roses Parade, with public demonstrations given across the United States on prototype color receivers
Jan 7 Georgetown-IBM experiment: the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held in New York at the head office of IBM
Jan 10 BOAC Flight 781, a de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1, explodes and falls into the Tyrrhenian Sea killing 35 people
Jan 14 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation
Jan 20 The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations
Jan 21 The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, is launched in Groton, Connecticut by Mamie Eisenhower, the First Lady of the United States
Feb 10 President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam
Feb 13 Frank Selvy becomes the only NCAA Division I basketball player ever to score 100 points in a single game
Feb 15 Canada and the United States agree to construct the Distant Early Warning Line, a system of radar stations in the far northern Arctic regions of Canada and Alaska
Feb 18 The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California
Feb 23 The first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine begins in Pittsburgh
Feb 25 Gamal Abdel Nasser is made premier of Egypt
Feb 28 The first color television sets using the NTSC standard are offered for sale to the general public
Mar 1 Puerto Rican nationalists attack the United States Capitol building, injuring five Representatives
Mar 1 Nuclear testing: The Castle Bravo, a 15-megaton hydrogen bomb, is detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the worst radioactive contamination ever caused by the United States
Mar 9 McCarthyism: CBS television broadcasts the See It Now episode, "A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy", produced by Fred Friendly
Mar 13 First Indochina War: Viet Minh forces under Vo Nguyen Giap unleashed a massive artillery barrage on the French to begin the Battle of Điện Biên Phủ, the climactic battle in the First Indochina War
Mar 19 Willie Mosconi sets a world record by running 526 consecutive balls without a miss during a straight pool exhibition at East High Billiard Club in Springfield, Ohio. The record still stands today
Mar 19 Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory in round seven at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight shown in colour
Mar 22 Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens
Mar 30 The Yonge Street subway line opens in Toronto. It is the first subway in Canada
Apr 1 President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado
Apr 7 President Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his "domino theory" speech during a news conference
Apr 8 South African Airways Flight 201 A de Havilland DH.106 Comet 1 crashes into the sea during night killing 21 people
Apr 8 A Royal Canadian Air Force Canadair Harvard collides with a Trans-Canada Airlines Canadair North Star over Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, killing 37 people
Apr 18 Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power in Egypt
Apr 19 The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan recognises Urdu and Bengali as the national languages of Pakistan
Apr 22 Red Scare: Witnesses begin testifying and live television coverage of the Army–McCarthy hearings begins
Apr 25 The first practical solar cell is publicly demonstrated by Bell Telephone Laboratories
Apr 26 The Geneva Conference, an effort to restore peace in Indochina and Korea, begins
May 6 Roger Bannister becomes the first person to run the mile in under four minutes
May 7 Indochina War: The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat and a Vietnamese victory (the battle began on March 13)
May 10 Bill Haley & His Comets release "Rock Around the Clock", the first rock and roll record to reach number one on the Billboard charts
May 13 The anti-National Service Riots, by Chinese Middle School students in Singapore, take place
May 13 The original Broadway production of The Pajama Game opens and runs for another 1,063 performances. Later received three Tony Awards for Best Musical, Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical, and Best Choreography
May 17 The United States Supreme Court hands down a unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
May 29 First of the annual Bilderberg conferences
Jun 9 McCarthyism: Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army giving McCarthy the famous rebuke, "You've done enough. Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last? Have you left no sense of decency?"
Jun 12 Pope Pius XII canonises Dominic Savio, who was 14 years old at the time of his death, as a saint, making him the youngest unmartyred saint in the Roman Catholic Church
Jun 14 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law that places the words "under God" into the United States Pledge of Allegiance
Jun 15 UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) is formed in Basel, Switzerland
Jun 18 Pierre Mendès-France becomes Prime Minister of France
Jun 22 In Christchurch (New Zealand) Pauline Parker and Juliet Hulme murder Pauline's mother because they think she is in the way of their close friendship (movie Heavenly Creatures by Peter Jackson in 1994). See Parker–Hulme murder case
Jun 24 First Indochina War: Battle of Mang Yang Pass — Vietminh troops belonging to the 803rd Regiment ambush G.M. 100 of France in An Khê
Jun 27 The Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant, the Soviet Union's first nuclear power station, opens in Obninsk, near Moscow
Jun 27 The 1954 FIFA World Cup quarterfinal match between Hungary and Brazil, highly anticipated to be exciting, instead turns violent, with three players ejected and further fighting continuing after the game
Jul 5 The BBC broadcasts its first television news bulletin
Jul 5 Elvis Presley records his first single, "That's All Right," at Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee
Jul 5 The Andhra Pradesh High Court was established
Jul 7 Elvis Presley makes his radio debut when WHBQ Memphis played his first recording for Sun Records, "That's All Right."