1956 in history

1956 events chronologically

Jan 1 A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people
Jan 1 Sudan achieves independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom
Jan 3 A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower
Jan 8 Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them
Jan 16 President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt vows to reconquer Palestine
Jan 28 Elvis Presley makes his first US television appearance
Jan 30 African-American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.'s home is bombed in retaliation for the Montgomery Bus Boycott

Top 7 most famous people born in 1956

Jan 3 Mel Gibson an American actor, filmmaker, and screenwriter. He is most well known as an action hero, for roles such as Martin Riggs in the Lethal Weapon film series and Max Rockatansky in the first three Mad Max films
Feb 24 Judith Butler an American continental philosopher and gender theorist whose work has influenced political philosophy, ethics and the fields of feminist, queer and literary theory. Since 1993, she has taught at the University of California, Berkeley, where she is now Maxine Elliot Professor in the Department of Rhetoric and Comparative Literature and co-director of the Program of Critical Theory
Apr 6 Michele Bachmann an American Republican member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Minnesota's 6th congressional district, a post she has held since 2007. The district includes several of the northern suburbs of the Twin Cities, as well as Cloud. The district has recently expanded
Apr 30 Lars von Trier a Danish film director and screenwriter. He is closely associated with the Dogme 95 collective – an avant-garde filmmaking movement – although his own films have taken a variety of approaches. Known as a provocateur, his work has frequently divided critical opinion. Nevertheless, von Trier is widely regarded as one of the most accomplished and influential directors in world cinema
Jul 9 Tom Hanks an American actor and filmmaker. He is known for his roles in Big , Philadelphia , Forrest Gump , Apollo 13 , Saving Private Ryan, You've Got Mail , Cast Away , The Da Vinci Code , Captain Phillips, and Saving Banks , as well as for his voice work in the animated films The Polar Express and the Toy Story series
Oct 18 Martina Navratilova a retired Czech and American tennis player and coach. Billie Jean King, former World 1 player, said in 2006 that Navratilova is "the greatest singles, doubles and mixed doubles player who's ever lived." In 2005, Tennis magazine selected her as the greatest female tennis player for the years 1965 through 2005. Tennis historian and journalist Bud Collins has called Navratilova "arguably, the greatest tennis player of all time."
Oct 28 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad an Iranian politician who was the sixth President of Iran from 2005 to 2013. He was also the main political leader of the Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran, a coalition of conservative political groups in the country

Top 7 most famous people died in 1956

Jan 18 Konstantin Päts the most influential politician of interwar Estonia. He was one of the first Estonians to become active in politics and started an almost 40-year political rivalry with Jaan Tõnisson, first through journalism with his newspaper Teataja, later through politics. He was condemned to death during the 1905 Revolution, but managed to flee first to Switzerland, then to Finland, where he continued his literary work. He returned to Estonia, but had to spend time in prison in 1910–1911
Mar 17 Irène Joliot-Curie a French scientist, the daughter of Marie Curie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie. Jointly with her husband, Joliot-Curie was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1935 for their discovery of artificial radioactivity. This made the Curies the family with the most Nobel laureates to date. Both children of the Joliot-Curies, Hélène and Pierre, are also esteemed scientists
Apr 30 Alben W. Barkley a lawyer and politician from Kentucky who served in both houses of Congress and as the 35th Vice President of the United States from 1949 to 1953. In 1905, he was elected county attorney for McCracken County, Kentucky. He was chosen county judge in 1909 and U.S. Representative from Kentucky's First District in 1912. As a Representative, he was a liberal Democrat, supporting President Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom domestic agenda and foreign policy
Aug 11 Jackson Pollock an influential American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He was well known for his unique style of drip painting
Aug 14 Bertolt Brecht a German Marxist poet, playwright, and theatre director.
Aug 25 Alfred Kinsey an American biologist, professor of entomology and zoology, and sexologist who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University, now known as the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction. He is best known for writing Sexual Behavior in the Human Male and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female , also known as the Kinsey Reports, as well as the Kinsey scale. Kinsey's research on human sexuality, foundational to the field of sexology, provoked controversy in the 1940s and 1950s. His work has influenced social and cultural values in the United States, as well as internationally
Dec 6 B. R. Ambedkar an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination of Dalits, women and labour. He was Independent India's first law minister and the principal architect of the Constitution of India