Died in 1957

Jan 1 Seán South a member of an IRA military column led by Sean Garland on a raid against a Royal Ulster Constabulary barracks in Brookeborough, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland on New Year's Day, 1957. South died of wounds sustained during the raid along with another IRA volunteer, Fergal O'Hanlon
Jan 2 Isaac Steinberg a lawyer, revolutionary, politician, a leader of the Jewish Territorialist movement and writer in Soviet Russia and in exile.
Jan 2 Wilson Brown (admiral) a Vice Admiral of the United States Navy who served in World War I and World War Brown turned 60 in April 1942 making him one of the oldest American naval officers to serve in combat during World War II.
Jan 4 Josef Krejcik an Austrian chess master, problemist, journalist and author.
Jan 4 Theodor Körner (Austrian president) Edler von Siegringen served as the fifth President of Austria, between 1951 and 1957.
Jan 5 Oldřich Duras a leading Czech chess master of the early 20th century. FIDE awarded him the title of International Grandmaster in 1950, when the title was first introduced, in recognition of his achievements in the early twentieth century
Jan 5 Jerome Steever an American water polo player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 6 John Todd Zimmer a leading American ornithologist.
Jan 7 Jože Plečnik a Slovene architect who had a strong impact on the modern identity of the city of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, most notably by designing the iconic Triple Bridge and the Slovene National and University Library building, as well as banks along the Ljubljanica River, the Ljubljana open market buildings, the Ljubljana cemetery, parks, plazas etc. The impact he had on Ljubljana has been compared to the impact Antonio Gaudi had on Barcelona
Jan 8 Josef Skupa a Czech puppeteer.
Jan 10 Gabriela Mistral the pseudonym of Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, a Chilean poet-diplomat, educator and feminist. She was the first Latin American to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature, which she did in 1945 "for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world". Some central themes in her poems are nature, betrayal, love, a mother's love, sorrow and recovery, travel, and Latin American identity as formed from a mixture of Native American and European influences. Her portrait also appears on the 5,000 Chilean peso bank note
Jan 11 Rose and Ottilie Sutro were American sisters who were notable as one of the first recognised duo-piano teams. It has been claimed they were the first such team, but Willi and Louis Thern preceded them by almost 30 years. They had a significant association with the German composer Max Bruch
Jan 11 Nils Ahnlund a Swedish historian and hymnwriter.
Jan 11 Jack Gilbert Graham a mass murderer who killed 44 people by planting a dynamite bomb in his mother's suitcase that was subsequently loaded aboard United Airlines Flight 629.
Jan 11 Robert Garran an Australian lawyer and public servant, an early leading expert in Australian constitutional law, the first employee of the Government of Australia and the first Solicitor-General of Australia. Garran spent thirty-one years as permanent head of the Attorney-General's Department, providing advice to ten different Prime Ministers. He played a significant behind-the-scenes role in the Australian federation movement, as adviser to Edmund Barton and chair of the Drafting Committee at the 1897–1898 Constitutional Convention
Jan 12 Victor Starffin an ethnic Russian baseball player in Japan and the first professional pitcher in Japan to win three hundred games.
Jan 12 Ken Wharton a British racing driver from England. He competed in off-road trials, hillclimbs, and rallying, and also raced sports cars and single-seaters. He began racing in the new National 500cc Formula in his own special, and later acquired a Cooper. His World Championship Grand Prix debut was at the 1952 Swiss event, run to Formula 2 regulations, where he started from 13th position on the grid and finished 4th. He participated in a total of 15 World Championship Grands Prix, from which he scored 3 championship points
Jan 13 A. E. Coppard an English writer, noted for his influence on the short story form, and poet.
Jan 14 Humphrey Bogart an American screen actor who, with performances in films during the 1940s such as The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca, and The Big Sleep, became widely regarded as a cultural icon. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Bogart as the greatest male star in the history of American cinema
Jan 15 Maria Chekhova the sister of playwright Anton Chekhov, a teacher, artist, founder of the Chekhov Memorial House museum in Yalta, and a recipient of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.
Jan 16 Arturo Toscanini an Italian conductor. He was one of the most acclaimed musicians of the late 19th and 20th century, renowned for his intensity, his perfectionism, his ear for orchestral detail and sonority, and his photographic memory. He was at various times the music director of La Scala Milan, the Metropolitan Opera in New York, and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. Later in his career he was appointed the first music director of the NBC Symphony Orchestra , and this led to his becoming a household name through his radio and television broadcasts and many recordings of the operatic and symphonic repertoire
Jan 16 Alexander Cambridge 1st Earl of Athlone a British military commander and major-general who served as Governor-General of the Union of South Africa, the country's fourth, and as Governor General of Canada, the 16th since Canadian Confederation.
Jan 18 Álvaro Gestido a footballer from Uruguay. He was born in Montevideo. From 1926 to 1942, he played for C.A. Peñarol. He also played 25 matches for the Uruguay national football team, winning the 1930 FIFA World Cup and the 1928 Summer Olympics. His brother Óscar Diego Gestido was President of Uruguay in 1967
Jan 18 Tomitaro Makino a pioneer Japanese botanist noted for his taxonomic work. He has been called "Father of Japanese Botany". He was one of the first Japanese botanists to work extensively on classifying Japanese plants using the system developed by Linnaeus. His research resulted in documenting 50,000 specimens, many of which are represented in his Makino's Illustrated Flora of Japan. Despite having dropped out of grammar school, he would eventually attain a Doctor of Science degree, and his birthday is remembered as Botany Day in Japan
Jan 18 Povl Mark a Danish gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 19 Juan Belaieff a Russian and Paraguayan cartographer and soldier, notable for his investigation and maping of the Gran Chaco area and for his role in the Paraguayan army during the Chaco War.
Jan 19 József Dudás born in Marosvásárhely in Austria-Hungary.
Jan 20 Ille Toktash a Chuvash writer and poet. He was a USSR Union of Writers member
Jan 20 George Gustav Heye a collector of Native American artifacts. His collection became the core of the National Museum of the American Indian
Jan 20 James Brendan Connolly an American athlete and author. In 1896, he was the first modern Olympic champion
Jan 21 Arthur Lyon Bowley an English statistician and economist who worked on economic statistics and pioneered the use of sampling techniques in social surveys.
Jan 22 Ralph Barton Perry an American philosopher.
Jan 22 Paul Walden a Russian and Latvian-German chemist known for his work in stereochemistry and history of chemistry. In particular he invented the stereochemical reaction known as Walden inversion and synthesized the first room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate
Jan 22 Claire Waldoff a German singer. She was a famous cabaret singer and entertainer in Berlin during the 1910s and 1920s, chiefly known for performing ironic songs in the Berlinish dialect
Jan 23 Ray Cummings an American author of science fiction, rated one of the "founding fathers of the science fiction pulp genre". He was born in New York and died in Mount Vernon, New York
Jan 23 Willie Edwards a 24-year-old African American, husband and father, murdered by members of the Alabama Ku Klux Klan. He is buried at New Pleasant Valley Cemetery in Letohatchee, Alabama
Jan 25 Thomas January an American amateur football player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 25 Ichizō Kobayashi a Japanese industrialist. He is best known as the founder of Hankyu Railway, Takarazuka Revue, and Toho. He was a supporter of right-wing doctrine and represented Japanese capital in government
Jan 25 Kiyoshi Shiga a Japanese physician and bacteriologist.
Jan 26 Helene Costello an American stage and film actress, most notably of the silent era.
Jan 26 Mamoru Shigemitsu a Japanese diplomat and politician in the Empire of Japan, who served as the Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs at the end of World War II and later, as the Deputy Prime Minister of Japan.
Jan 26 José Linhares served as President of the Supreme Federal Court from 1945 to 1956. He assumed the presidency of Brazil from 1945 to 1946, between the deposition of Getúlio Vargas and the oath of Eurico Gaspar Dutra. During his provisional administration, measures were taken to re-establish a democratic system of government
Jan 30 Grigore Gafencu a Romanian politician, diplomat and journalist.
Feb 1 Ivan Sovetnikov a Soviet military leader.
Feb 1 Friedrich Paulus an officer in the German military from 1910 to 1945. He attained the rank of Generalfeldmarschall during World War II, and is best known for commanding the Sixth Army in the Battle of Stalingrad, including the successful advance toward the city and the less successful attack in 1942 stopped by the Soviet counter-offensives during the 1942–43 winter. The battle ended in disaster for Nazi Germany when about 265,000 personnel of the Wehrmacht, their Axis allies, and the anti-Soviet volunteers were encircled and defeated. Of the 107,000 captured, only 6,000 survived captivity and returned home by 1955
Feb 1 Vilho Vauhkonen a Finnish sport shooter who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics and in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Feb 2 Valery Larbaud a French writer.
Feb 2 Grigory Landsberg a Soviet physicist. Grigory Landsberg is a co-discoverer of inelastic combinatorial scattering of light used now in Raman spectroscopy. His major scientific contributions were in the fields of optics and spectroscopy
Feb 2 Julia Morgan an American architect in California. She designed more than 700 buildings in California during a long and prolific career. She is best known for her work on Hearst Castle in San Simeon, California
Feb 2 Mikhail Gnessin a Russian Jewish composer and teacher. Gnessin's works The Maccabeans and The Youth of Abraham earned him the nickname the "Jewish Glinka"