1957 events in history

Jan 1 George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Elizabeth II
Jan 1 An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks during Operation Harvest; two IRA volunteers killed
Jan 3 The Hamilton Watch Company introduces the first electric watch
Jan 5 In a speech given to the United States Congress, United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower announces the establishment of what will later be called the Eisenhower Doctrine
Jan 9 British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden resigns from office following his failure to retake the Suez Canal from Egyptian sovereignty
Jan 11 The African Convention is founded in Dakar, Senegal
Jan 14 Kripalu Maharaj was named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher) after giving seven days of speeches before 500 Hindu scholars
Jan 22 The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs
Jan 22 Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula
Jan 23 American inventor Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company, which later renames it the "Frisbee"
Jan 31 Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet
Feb 1 Felix Wankel's first working prototype (DKM 54) of the Wankel engine runs at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany
Feb 2 Iskander Mirza of Pakistan lays the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage
Feb 3 Senegalese political party Democratic Rally merges into the Senegalese Party of Socialist Action (PSAS)
Feb 16 The "Toddlers' Truce", a controversial television close down between 6.00 pm and 7.00 pm is abolished in the United Kingdom
Feb 18 Kenyan rebel leader Dedan Kimathi is executed by the British colonial government
Feb 18 Walter James Bolton becomes the last person legally executed in New Zealand
Feb 22 Ngo Dinh Diem of South Vietnam survives a communist shooting assassination attempt in Ban Me Thuot
Mar 4 The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90
Mar 6 Ghana becomes the first Sub-Saharan country to gain independence from the British
Mar 8 Ghana joins the United Nations
Mar 8 Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal after the Suez Crisis
Mar 8 The 1957 Georgia Memorial to Congress, which petitions the U.S. Congress to declare the ratification of the 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution null and void, is adopted by the U.S. state of Georgia
Mar 9 A magnitude 8.3 earthquake in the Andreanof Islands, Alaska triggers a Pacific-wide tsunami causing extensive damage to Hawaii and Oahu
Mar 13 Cuban student revolutionaries storm the presidential palace in Havana in a failed attempt on the life of President Fulgencio Batista
Mar 17 A plane crash in Cebu, Philippines kills Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and 24 others
Mar 25 The European Economic Community is established with West Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg as the first members
Mar 25 United States Customs seizes copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem "Howl" on obscenity grounds
Mar 29 The New York, Ontario and Western Railway makes its final run, the first major U.S. railroad to be abandoned in its entirety
Mar 31 Elections to the Territorial Assembly of the French colony Upper Volta are held. After the elections PDU and MDV form a government
Apr 1 The BBC broadcasts the spaghetti tree hoax on its current affairs programme Panorama
Apr 5 In India, Communists win the first elections in united Kerala and E.M.S. Namboodiripad is sworn in as the first chief minister
Apr 6 Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis buys the Hellenic National Airlines (TAE) and founds Olympic Airlines
Apr 9 The Suez Canal in Egypt is cleared and opens to shipping
Apr 10 The Suez Canal is reopened for all shipping after being closed for three months
Apr 11 United Kingdom agrees to Singaporean self-rule
Apr 15 White Rock, British Columbia officially separates from Surrey, British Columbia and is incorporated as a new city
Apr 24 The BBC first broadcast The Sky at Night presented by Patrick Moore
Apr 24 Suez Crisis: The Suez Canal is reopened following the introduction of UNEF peacekeepers to the region
May 1 Thirty-four people are killed when a Vickers Viking airliner crashes in Hampshire England
May 3 Walter O'Malley, the owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers, agrees to move the team from Brooklyn, New York, to Los Angeles, California
May 15 At Malden Island in the Pacific Ocean, Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb in Operation Grapple
Jun 9 First ascent of Broad Peak by Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl
Jun 10 John Diefenbaker leads the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada to a stunning upset in the Canadian federal election, 1957, ending 22 years of Liberal Party government
Jun 21 Ellen Fairclough is sworn in as Canada's first female Cabinet Minister
Jun 22 The Soviet Union launches an R-12 missile for the first time (in the Kapustin Yar)
Jun 24 In Roth v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment
Jun 27 Hurricane Audrey makes landfall near the Texas-Louisiana border, killing over 400 people, mainly in and around Cameron, Louisiana
Jul 1 The International Geophysical Year begins
Jul 6 John Lennon and Paul McCartney meet for the first time, as teenagers at Woolton Fete, three years before forming the Beatles