1958 in history

1958 events chronologically

Jan 1 The European Economic Community is established
Jan 3 The West Indies Federation is formed
Jan 4 Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from orbit
Jan 13 The Moroccan Army of Liberation ambushes a Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera
Jan 18 Willie O'Ree, the first African Canadian National Hockey League player, makes his NHL debut with the Boston Bruins
Jan 21 The last Fokker C.X in military service, the Finnish Air Force FK-111 target tower, crashes, killing the pilot and winch-operator
Jan 23 After a general uprising and rioting in the streets, President Marcos Pérez Jiménez leaves Venezuela

Top 7 most famous people born in 1958

May 10 Rick Santorum an American attorney and Republican Party politician. He served as a United States Senator representing Pennsylvania and was the Senate's third-ranking Republican. He ran as a candidate for the 2012 Republican Party presidential nomination, finishing second to the eventual Republican nominee Mitt Romney
Jun 7 Prince (musician) an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and actor. He has produced ten platinum albums and thirty Top 40 singles during his career. He has written several hundred songs and produces and records his own music for his own music label. In addition, he has promoted the careers of Sheila E., Carmen Electra, the Time and Vanity 6, and his songs have been recorded by these artists and others, including Chaka Khan, Cyndi Lauper, The Bangles, Sinéad O'Connor, and Kim Basinger
Jul 30 Kate Bush an English singer-songwriter, musician and record producer, who is known for her eclectic musical style and her idiosyncratic soprano vocal performances.
Aug 7 Bruce Dickinson an English musician, airline pilot, and broadcaster. He is best known as the lead vocalist of the heavy metal band Iron Maiden
Aug 16 Madonna (entertainer) an American singer, songwriter, actress, and businesswoman. She achieved popularity by pushing the boundaries of lyrical content in mainstream popular music and imagery in her music videos, which became a fixture on MTV. Madonna is known for reinventing both her music and image, and for retaining a standard of autonomy within the recording industry. Music critics have acclaimed her musical productions which have also been known to induce controversy. Often referred to as the "Queen of Pop", she is cited as an influence among other artists around the world
Aug 29 Michael Jackson an American singer, songwriter, dancer, and actor. Called the King of Pop, his contributions to music and dance, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades
Sep 22 Andrea Bocelli an Italian tenor and singer-songwriter. Born with poor eyesight, he became blind at the age of twelve following an association football accident

Top 7 most famous people died in 1958

Apr 16 Rosalind Franklin an English chemist and X-ray crystallographer who made critical contributions to the understanding of the fine molecular structures of DNA , RNA, viruses, coal, and graphite. Her DNA work achieved the most fame because DNA plays an essential role in cell metabolism and genetics, and the discovery of its structure helped her co-workers understand how genetic information passes from parents to their offspring
Jun 18 Douglas Jardine a cricketer who played 22 Test matches for England, captaining the side in 15 of those matches between 1931 and 1934. A right-handed batsman, he is best known for captaining the English team during the 1932–33 Ashes tour of Australia. During that series, England employed "Bodyline" tactics against the Australian batsmen, wherein bowlers pitched the ball short on the line of leg stump to rise towards the bodies of the batsmen in a manner that most contemporary players and critics viewed as intimidatory and physically dangerous. Jardine is generally believed to be the person responsible for the implementation of Bodyline. A controversial figure among cricketers, he was well known for his dislike of Australian players and crowds and was unpopular in Australia, particularly for his manner and especially after the Bodyline tour. Many who played under his leadership regarded him as an excellent captain; not all regarded him as good at managing people. He was also famous in cricket circles for wearing a multi-coloured Harlequin cap
Aug 26 Ralph Vaughan Williams an English composer of symphonies, chamber music, opera, choral music, and film scores. He was also a collector of English folk music and song; this collecting activity influenced both his editorial approach to the English Hymnal, in which he included many folk song arrangements as hymn tunes, and several of his own original compositions
Aug 27 Ernest Lawrence a pioneering American nuclear scientist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1939 for his invention of the cyclotron. He is also known for his work on uranium-isotope separation for the Manhattan Project, and for founding the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory
Oct 9 Pope Pius XII born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli , reigned from 2 March 1939 to his death in 1958. Before his election to the papacy, Pacelli served as secretary of the Department of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, papal nuncio to Germany , and Cardinal Secretary of State, in which capacity he worked to conclude treaties with European and Latin American nations, most notably the Reichskonkordat with Nazi Germany, with which most historians believe the Vatican sought to protect the Church in Germany while Adolf Hitler sought the destruction of 'political Catholicism'. A pre-war critic of Nazism, Pius XII lobbied world leaders to avoid war and, as Pope at the outbreak of war, issued Summi Pontificatus, expressing dismay at the invasion of Poland, reiterating Church teaching against racial persecution and calling for love, compassion and charity to prevail over war
Nov 24 Robert Cecil 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood a lawyer, politician and diplomat in the United Kingdom. He was one of the architects of the League of Nations and a defender of it, whose service to the organisation saw him awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1937
Dec 15 Wolfgang Pauli an Austrian-born Swiss theoretical physicist and one of the pioneers of quantum physics.