Died in 1960

Jan 1 Margaret Sullavan an American stage and film actress.
Jan 2 Fausto Coppi the dominant international cyclist of the years each side of the Second World War. His successes earned him the title Il Campionissimo, or champion of champions. He was an all-round racing cyclist: he excelled in both climbing and time trialing, and was also a great sprinter. He won the Giro d'Italia five times , the Tour de France twice , and the World Championship in 1953. Other notable results include winning the Giro di Lombardia five times, the Milan – San Remo three times, as well as wins at Paris–Roubaix and La Flèche Wallonne and setting the hour record in 1942
Jan 2 Paul Sauvé a Quebec lawyer, World War II veteran and politician. He was Premier of Quebec in 1959 and 1960
Jan 2 Chris van Abkoude a Dutch writer and novelist of mostly children's books. He wrote the series of Pietje Bell novels from 1914 to 1936 and many books in between. He moved to the U.S.A in 1916 and wrote all the Pietje Bell books in the United States, except for the first one, which he wrote in 1914 in Rotterdam. Before his writing career, Van Abkoude was a teacher; when he noticed the children did not like reading the children's books of the time, he wrote his own
Jan 2 Friedrich Adler (assassin) an Austrian socialist politician and revolutionary. He is perhaps best known for his assassination of Count Karl von Stürgkh in 1916
Jan 3 Eric P. Kelly an American journalist, academic and author of children's books. He was a professor of English at Dartmouth College and briefly a lecturer at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. He won the 1929 Newbery Medal recognizing his first published book, The Trumpeter of Krakow, as the preceding year's most distinguished contribution to American children's literature
Jan 3 Victor Sjöström a Swedish film director, screenwriter and actor. He began his career in Sweden, before moving to Hollywood in 1924. Sjöström worked primarily in the silent era; his best known films include The Phantom Carriage , He Who Gets Slapped and The Wind. Later in life, he played the leading role in Ingmar Bergman's Wild Strawberries
Jan 4 Albert Camus a French Nobel Prize winning author, journalist, and philosopher. His views contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as absurdism. He wrote in his essay "The Rebel" that his whole life was devoted to opposing the philosophy of nihilism while still delving deeply into individual freedom
Jan 4 Dudley Nichols an American screenwriter who first came to prominence after winning and refusing the screenwriting Oscar for The Informer in 1936.
Jan 5 Pavel Petrovich Parenago a Soviet scientist, astronomer, and professor. He served as the head of the Department of Stellar Astronomy at M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University and a Corresponding Member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences
Jan 6 Nima Yooshij a contemporary Tabarian and Persian poet who started the she’r-e now also known as she’r-e nimaa'i trend in Iran. He is considered as the father of modern Persian poetry
Jan 6 Erik Lindahl a Swedish economist. He was professor of economics at Uppsala University 1942–58. He was an advisor to the Swedish government and the central bank. Lindahl posed the question of financing public goods in accordance with individual benefits. The quantity of the public good satisfies the requirement that the aggregate marginal benefit equals the marginal cost of providing the good
Jan 7 Prince Ferdinand Pius Duke of Calabria head of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and pretender to the throne of the extinct Kingdom of the Two Sicilies from 1934 to 1960.
Jan 7 Dorothea Douglass Lambert Chambers an English female tennis player who was a seven-time winner of Wimbledon.
Jan 9 Elsie J. Oxenham an English girls' story writer, who took the name Oxenham as her pseudonym when her first book, Goblin Island, was published in 1907. Her Abbey Series of 38 titles are her best-known and best-loved books. In her lifetime she had 87 titles published and another two have since been published by her niece, who discovered the manuscripts in the early 1990s. She is considered a major figure among girls' story writers of the first half of the twentieth century, being one of the 'Big Three' with Elinor Brent-Dyer and Dorita Fairlie Bruce. Angela Brazil is as well-known - perhaps more so - but did not write her books in series about the same group of characters or set in the same place or school, as did the Big Three
Jan 9 Jack Laviolette a Canadian professional ice hockey player. Laviolette played nine seasons for the Montreal Canadiens hockey club and was their first captain, coach, and general manager
Jan 10 Melchizedek III of Georgia a Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia from 1952 until his death. His full title was His Holiness and Beatitude, Archbishop of Mtskheta-Tbilisi and Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia
Jan 10 Benno Elkan a German-born British sculptor and medallist. Married to Hedwig Einstein, sister of Carl Einstein and a concert pianist in her own right. Together they had two children: Ursula and Wolf, both of whom emigrated to the United States. He died in London but his ashes were taken to Israel for scattering
Jan 12 Nevil Shute a British novelist and aeronautical engineer. He used his full name in his engineering career, and Nevil Shute as his pen name, to protect his engineering career from any potential negative publicity in connection with his novels
Jan 13 Sibilla Aleramo the pseudonym of Rina Faccio , Italian author. She was a feminist best known for her autobiographical depictions of life as a woman in late 19th century Italy
Jan 16 Arthur Darby a British rugby union player who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 17 Wei Lihuang a Chinese general who served the Nationalist government throughout the Chinese Civil War and Second Sino-Japanese War as one of China's most successful military commanders.
Jan 17 Andrew Kennaway Henderson a New Zealand clerk, illustrator, cartoonist, editor and pacifist. He was born in London, England. He was imprisoned twice as a conscientious objector in the War and drew numerous cartoons from a socialist point of view
Jan 19 William Coales a British athlete who competed mainly in the distance events.
Jan 19 Dadasaheb Torne the first Indian to make an Indian-language feature film, as established by an advertisement in The Times of India of 25 May 1912.
Jan 21 Matt Moore (actor) an Irish-born American actor and director. He appeared in at least 221 motion pictures from 1912 to 1958
Jan 22 Stepan Kayukov a Soviet actor. He appeared in 30 films between 1935 and 1960
Jan 24 Ashihei Hino born in Wakamatsu and in 1937 he received the prestigious Akutagawa Prize for one of his novels, Fun'nyōtan. At that moment he was a soldier for the Japanese army in China. He then got promoted to the information corps and published numerous works about the daily lives of Japanese soldiers. It is for his war novels that he became famous for during the war. His book Mugi to Heitai sold over a million copies
Jan 24 Edwin Fischer a Swiss classical pianist and conductor. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest interpreters of traditional Germanic repertoire of the twentieth century, and one of the finest piano pedagogues of the modern era
Jan 24 Arthur Murray Chisholm an author of Western fiction.
Jan 24 Mikhail Malinin a Soviet general.
Jan 24 Edwin Cerio a prominent Italian writer, engineer, architect, historian, and botanist. He was born on the island of Capri to an English artist mother and a well-known local physician, Ignazio Cerio
Jan 25 Beno Gutenberg a German-American seismologist who made several important contributions to the science. He was a colleague and mentor of Charles Francis Richter at the California Institute of Technology and Richter's collaborator in developing the Richter magnitude scale for measuring an earthquake's magnitude
Jan 25 Diana Barrymore an American film and stage actress.
Jan 28 Zora Neale Hurston an American folklorist, anthropologist, and author. Of Hurston's four novels and more than 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, she is best known for her 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God
Jan 29 Mack Harrell an American operatic and concert baritone vocalist who was regarded as one of the greatest American-born lieder singers of his generation.
Jan 29 Louis Jean Heydt an American character actor in film, television and theatre, most frequently seen in hapless, ineffectual, or fall-guy roles.
Jan 30 Auguste Herbin a French painter of modern art. He is best known for his abstract paintings consisting of colorful geometric figures. He co-founded the groups Abstraction-Création and Salon des Réalités Nouvelles which promoted non-figurative abstract art
Jan 30 Joseph Vendryes a French Celtic linguist. After studying with Antoine Meillet, he was chairman of Celtic languages and literature at the École Pratique des Hautes Études. He founded the journal Études Celtiques. He was a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres and a consultant with the International Auxiliary Language Association, which standardized and presented Interlingua
Jan 30 Bernardus Croon a Dutch rower who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 31 Harry Blanchard an American racecar driver.
Feb 2 Acharya Chatursen Shastri an eminent writer of Hindi, and he wrote many historical fictions, including Vaishali ki Nagarvadhu , Vayam Rakshamah , Somnath and Dharamputra, which was adapted into feature film, Dharmputra.
Feb 2 Jenő Huszka a Hungarian composer of operettas. He was born in Szeged and died in Budapest
Feb 3 Fred Buscaglione an Italian singer and actor who became very popular in the late 1950s. His public persona – the character he played both in his songs and his movies – was of a humorous mobster with a penchant for whisky and women
Feb 5 Gustav Ising a Swedish accelerator physicist and geophysicist.
Feb 6 Jesse Belvin an American R&B singer, pianist and songwriter popular in the 1950s, whose success was cut short by his death in a car crash aged 27.
Feb 7 Gilbert Vernam an AT&T Bell Labs engineer who, in 1917, invented an additive polyalphabetic stream cipher and later co-invented an automated one-time pad cipher. Vernam proposed a teleprinter cipher in which a previously prepared key, kept on paper tape, is combined character by character with the plaintext message to produce the ciphertext. To decipher the ciphertext, the same key would be again combined character by character, producing the plaintext. Vernam later worked for Postal Telegraph Co., and became an employee of Western Union when that company acquired Postal in 1943. His later work was largely with automatic switching systems for telegraph networks
Feb 7 Igor Kurchatov widely known as the director of the Soviet atomic bomb project. Along with Georgy Flyorov and Andrei Sakharov, Kurchatov is widely remembered and dubbed as the "father of the Soviet atomic bomb" for his directorial role in the development of the Soviet nuclear program, in a clandestine program during World War II formed in the wake of the USSR's discovery of the Western Allied efforts to develop nuclear weapons. After nine years of covert development, the Soviet Union successfully tested its first nuclear weapon, codenamed First Lightning at the Semipalatinsk Test Range in 1949. In 1954 he was awarded the USSR State Prize in physics
Feb 8 Giles Gilbert Scott an English architect known for his work on such structures as Liverpool Cathedral, Waterloo Bridge and Battersea Power Station and designing the iconic red telephone box.
Feb 8 Hans Hinkel a German journalist and ministerial official in Nazi Germany. He studied at the University of Bonn, where he was a member of the academic fencing fraternity Sugambria