1960 events in history

Jan 6 The Associations Law comes into force in Iraq, allowing registration of political parties
Jan 6 National Airlines Flight 2511 is destroyed in mid-air by a bomb, while en route from New York City to Miami, Florida
Jan 7 The Polaris missile is test launched
Jan 9 President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser opens construction on the Aswan Dam by detonating ten tons of dynamite to demolish twenty tons of granite on the east bank of the Nile
Jan 11 Henry Lee Lucas, once listed as America's most prolific serial killer, commits his first known murder
Jan 13 The Gulag system of forced labor camps in the Soviet Union is officially abolished
Jan 14 The Reserve Bank of Australia, the country's central bank and banknote issuing authority, is established
Jan 18 Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashes into a farm in Charles City County, Virginia, killing all 50 aboard, the third fatal Capital Airlines crash in as many years
Jan 19 Japan and the United States sign the US-Japan Mutual Security Treaty
Jan 20 Hendrik Verwoerd announces a plebiscite on whether South Africa should become a Republic
Jan 21 Avianca Flight 671 crashes and burns upon landing at Montego Bay, Jamaica, killing 37. It is the worst air disaster in Jamaica's history and the first for Avianca
Jan 21 Little Joe 1B, a Mercury spacecraft, lifts off from Wallops Island, Virginia with Miss Sam, a female rhesus monkey on board
Jan 23 The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 metres (35,797 ft) in the Pacific Ocean
Jan 24 Algerian War: Some units of European volunteers in Algiers stage an insurrection known as the "barricades week", during which they seize government buildings and clash with local police
Jan 25 The National Association of Broadcasters reacts to the "payola" scandal by threatening fines for any disc jockeys who accept money for playing particular records
Jan 26 Danny Heater sets a worldwide high school basketball scoring record when he records 135 points for Burnsville High School (West Virginia)
Jan 28 The National Football League announced expansion teams for Dallas to start in the 1960 NFL season and Minneapolis-St. Paul for 1961 NFL season
Jan 30 The African National Party is founded in Chad, through the merger of traditionalist parties
Feb 1 Four black students stage the first of the Greensboro sit-ins at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina
Feb 3 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan speaks of "a wind of change", an increasing national consciousness blowing through colonial Africa, signalling that his Government is likely to support decolonisation
Feb 8 Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issues an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor"
Feb 8 The first eight brass star plaques are installed in the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Feb 13 With the success of a nuclear test codenamed "Gerboise Bleue", France becomes the fourth country to possess nuclear weapons
Feb 13 Black college students stage the first of the Nashville sit-ins at three lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee
Feb 16 The U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton begins Operation Sandblast, setting sail from New London, Connecticut, to begin the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe
Feb 19 China successfully launches the T-7, its first sounding rocket
Feb 26 A New York-bound Alitalia airliner crashes into a cemetery in Shannon, Ireland, shortly after takeoff, killing 34 of the 52 persons on board
Feb 29 An earthquake in Morocco kills over 3,000 people and nearly destroys Agadir in the southern part of the country
Mar 4 The French freighter La Coubre explodes in Havana, Cuba killing 100
Mar 5 Cuban photographer Alberto Korda takes his iconic photograph of Marxist revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara
Mar 9 Dr. Belding Hibbard Scribner implants for the first time a shunt he invented into a patient, which allows the patient to receive hemodialysis on a regular basis
Mar 17 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the National Security Council directive on the anti-Cuban covert action program that will ultimately lead to the Bay of Pigs Invasion
Mar 21 Apartheid in South Africa: Massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa: Police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 and wounding 180
Mar 22 Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Charles Hard Townes receive the first patent for a laser
Apr 1 The TIROS-1 satellite transmits the first television picture from space. Dr. Martens released its first boots, the model 1460
Apr 4 France agrees to grant independence to the Mali Federation, a union of Senegal and French Sudan
Apr 8 The Netherlands and West Germany sign an agreement to negotiate the return of German land annexed by the Dutch in return for 280 million German marks as Wiedergutmachung
Apr 9 Dr. Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa and architect of apartheid, narrowly survives an assassination attempt by a white farmer called David Pratt in Johannesburg
Apr 13 The United States launches Transit 1-B, the world's first satellite navigation system
Apr 15 At Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina, Ella Baker leads a conference that results in the creation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, one of the principal organizations of the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s
Apr 19 Students in South Korea hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against president Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign
Apr 21 Brasília, Brazil's capital, is officially inaugurated. At 09:30, the Three Powers of the Republic are simultaneously transferred from the old capital, Rio de Janeiro
Apr 25 The U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton completes the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe
Apr 26 Forced out by the April Revolution, President of South Korea Syngman Rhee resigns after twelve years of dictatorial rule
Apr 27 Togo gains independence from French-administered UN trusteeship
May 1 Formation of the western Indian states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Also known as "Maharashtra Day"
May 1 Cold War: U-2 incident: Francis Gary Powers, in a Lockheed U-2 spyplane, is shot down over the Soviet Union, sparking a diplomatic crisis
May 3 The Anne Frank House museum opens in Amsterdam, Netherlands
May 3 The Off-Broadway musical comedy, The Fantasticks, opens in New York City's Greenwich Village, eventually becoming the longest-running musical of all time
May 6 More than 20 million viewers watch the first televised royal wedding when Princess Margaret marries Anthony Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey