Died in 1961

Jan 3 Dietrich von Müller a German Officer during both World War I and World War Just before the end of World War II he was promoted to Generalleutnant and awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 4 Erwin Schrödinger a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist who developed a number of fundamental results in the field of quantum theory, which formed the basis of wave mechanics: he formulated the wave equation and revealed the identity of his development of the formalism and matrix mechanics. Schrödinger proposed an original interpretation of the physical meaning of the wave function
Jan 6 Alfred Wolmark a painter and decorative artist. He was a pioneer of the New Movement in Art
Jan 6 Valerian A. Frolov a Soviet Colonel General. Frolov participated in the First World War, the Russian Civil War, and the Soviet-Finnish war as an Army commander, and during the Second World War as the commander of the 14th Army, and from September 1941 to February 1944, the Karelian Front. After the war from 1945 to 1956 commanded the troops of Belomorsky Military District and Arkhangelsk Military District. From 1956 he was placed in reserve
Jan 6 Shizuo Yokoyama noted for his activity in the Philippines during the final days of World War II.
Jan 6 Constantine Bohachevsky an Archbishop of the Ukrainian Catholic Church. He was the first Ukrainian Catholic Metropolitan in the United States
Jan 7 Heinrich Vollmer a German small-arms designer.
Jan 8 Yaşar Doğu a renowned Turkish World and Olympic champion sports wrestler in Greco-Roman and Freestyle.
Jan 8 Schoolboy Rowe an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball, primarily for the Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia Phillies. He was a three-time All-Star , and a member of three Tigers' World Series teams
Jan 9 Emily Greene Balch an American economist and writer.
Jan 10 Dashiell Hammett an American author of hard-boiled detective novels and short stories, a screenplay writer, and political activist. Among the enduring characters he created are Sam Spade , Nick and Nora Charles , and the Continental Op
Jan 11 Elena Gerhardt a German mezzo-soprano singer associated with the singing of German classical lieder, of which she was considered one of the great interpreters. She left Germany for good to live in London in October 1934
Jan 13 František Drtikol a Czech photographer of international renown. He is especially known for his characteristically epic photographs, often nudes and portraits
Jan 13 Herman Glass an American gymnast who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 14 Herman (Aav) an Estonian Orthodox clergyman who served from 1925 to 1960 as Archbishop of the Finnish Orthodox Church.
Jan 14 Barry Fitzgerald an Irish stage, film, and television actor.
Jan 15 Albert Oldman an English super heavyweight boxer in the 1908 Olympics in London for Great Britain.
Jan 16 Max Schöne a German swimmer who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 17 Patrice Lumumba a Congolese independence leader and the first democratically elected Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo. As founder and leader of the Mouvement national congolais, Lumumba helped win his country's independence from Belgium in 1960
Jan 18 Thomas Anthony Dooley III an American who, while serving as a physician in the United States Navy and afterwards, became increasingly famous for his humanitarian and political activities in South East Asia during the late 1950s until his early death from cancer. He authored three popular books that described his activities in Vietnam and Laos: Deliver Us From Evil, The Edge of Tomorrow, and The Night They Burned the Mountain. These three were later collected into a single volume and published as "Dr. Tom Dooley's Three Great Books." The book jacket of "The Edge of Tomorrow" states that Dooley traveled "to a remote part of the world in order to combat the two greatest evils afflicting it: disease and Communism
Jan 21 John J. Becker an American composer of contemporary classical music, a pianist, a conductor, a writer on music, and an music administrator. He is grouped together with Charles Ives, Carl Ruggles, Henry Cowell, and Wallingford Riegger as a member of the "American Five" composers of "ultra-modern" music
Jan 21 Blaise Cendrars a Swiss-born novelist and poet who became a naturalized French citizen in 1916. He was a writer of considerable influence in the European modernist movement
Jan 24 Alfred Carlton Gilbert an American inventor, athlete, toy-maker and businessman. Born in Salem, Oregon and died in Boston, Massachusetts, Gilbert is best known as the inventor of the Erector Set
Jan 26 Stan Nichols the leading all-rounder in English cricket for much of the 1930s.
Jan 28 Seiu Ito a Japanese painter, recognised today as "the father of modern kinbaku". Ito's life was the subject of director Noboru Tanaka's 1977 Nikkatsu Roman porno film Beauty's Exotic Dance: Torture!, the final entry in his "Showa Era trilogy"
Jan 28 Patricia Wentworth a British crime fiction writer.
Jan 28 Ingvald Eriksen a Danish gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 28 Olaf Broch a Norwegian linguist. He was born in Horten, and was a brother of children's writer Lagertha Broch, zoologist Hjalmar Broch, and social worker Nanna Broch. He was a professor of Slavic languages at the University of Oslo from 1900 to 1937. Among his works are Slawische Phonetik from 1911, Håndbok i elementær fonetikk from 1921, and Proletariatets diktatur from 1923. He translated works by Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoyevsky into Norwegian. He was decorated Commander of the Order of Olav in 1946
Jan 29 John F. O'Ryan Commanding General of the 27th Division during World War I.
Jan 30 John Duncan Fergusson a Scottish artist and sculptor, regarded as one of the major artists of the Scottish Colourists school of painting.
Jan 31 Eugene Dennis an American communist politician and union organizer, best remembered as the long-time leader of the Communist Party USA and as named party in Dennis United States, a famous McCarthy Era Supreme Court case.
Jan 31 Krishna Singh (politician) the first Chief Minister of the Indian state of Bihar. Along with the nationalists Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Singh is regarded among the "Architects of Modern Bihar". "Barring the war years, Sinha was chief minister of Bihar from the time of the first Congress Ministry in 1937 until his death in 1961." He led Dalit’s entry into the Baidyanath Dham temple , reflecting his commitment to the upliftment and social empowerment of dalits. He was the first Chief Minister in the country to abolish the zamindari system. He underwent different terms of imprisonment for a total of about eight years in British India. S.K.Sinha's mass meetings brought hordes of people to hear him. He was known as "Bihar Kesari" for his lionlike roars when he rose to address the masses
Feb 1 István Csók a Hungarian Impressionist painter. Csok lived and exhibited in Paris for a portion of his life. He became most famous in Hungary for his nudes, portraits, and landscapes of the Lake Balaton. Csok had many international exhibitions in such cities as Rome, San Francisco, Pittsburgh, and London. He won the Kossuth Prize twice
Feb 1 Max Simon a German SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS during World War II, who was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. Simon was a private in the Prussian Army during World War I and was one of the first members of the SS in the early 1930s. He would rise through the ranks of the SS, and become a Corps commander during World War At the end of the war he was captured by the Allies and put on trial for war crimes
Feb 2 Joseph Orbeli a renowned Soviet orientalist and academician, who specialized in medieval history of Southern Caucasus and administered the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad from 1934 to 1951. Of Armenian descent, he was the founder and first president of the Armenian Academy of Sciences
Feb 3 William Morrison 1st Viscount Dunrossil born in Scotland and educated at George Watson's College and the University of Edinburgh. He joined the British Army in the First World War and served with an artillery regiment in France, where he won the Military Cross. In 1919 he left the Army with the rank of Captain. He was elected to the House of Commons as Conservative Member of Parliament for Cirencester and Tewkesbury in 1929. In Parliament he acquired the nickname "Shakes", from his habit of quoting from the works of William Shakespeare
Feb 3 Anna May Wong the first Chinese American movie star, and the first Asian American actress to gain international recognition. Her long and varied career spanned both silent and sound film, television, stage and radio
Feb 4 Piet Kramer a Dutch architect, one of the most important architects of the Amsterdam School.
Feb 9 Grigory Levenfish a Russian chess grandmaster who scored his peak competitive results in the 1920s and 1930s. He was twice Soviet champion, in 1934 and 1937. In 1937 he drew a match against future world champion Mikhail Botvinnik. He also had a career as an engineer. Levenfish was a well-regarded end-game specialist and chess writer
Feb 9 Carlos Luz a Brazilian politician.
Feb 10 Jakub Deml a Czech Catholic priest and writer.
Feb 11 Kate Carew a caricaturist self-styled as "The Only Woman Caricaturist". She worked at the New York World from 1890 to 1901, providing illustrated celebrity interviews
Feb 12 John Skrataas a Norwegian gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 12 Branko Miljković an iconic Serbian poet.
Feb 13 Arthur Ripley an American film screenwriter, editor, producer and director.
Feb 14 Piet Ooms a Dutch freestyle swimmer and water polo player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 15 Maribel Vinson an American figure skater and coach. She competed in the disciplines of ladies' singles and pair skating. As a single skater, she was the 1932 Olympic bronze medalist, a two-time World medalist , the 1937 North American champion, and a nine-time U.S. national champion. As a pair skater, she was the 1935 North American champion and four-time national champion with George Hill. She also won two national titles with Thornton Coolidge
Feb 15 Bradley Lord an American figure skater who competed in men's singles. He finished fourth at the 1960 United States Figure Skating Championships and then placed sixth at that year's World Figure Skating Championships after the top three U.S. skaters skipped the event. The following year, he won the gold medal at the 1961 United States Figure Skating Championships and placed second at the 1961 North American Figure Skating Championships
Feb 15 Laurence Owen a Hall of Fame American figure skater. She was the 1961 U.S. National Champion and represented the United States at the 1960 Winter Olympics, where she placed 6th. She was the daughter of Maribel Vinson and Guy Owen and the sister of Maribel Owen. Owen died, along with her mother, sister and the entire United States Figure Skating team, in the crash of Sabena Flight 548 en route to the 1961 World Figure Skating Championships
Feb 16 Dazzy Vance an American professional baseball player. He played as a pitcher in Major League Baseball, most notably for the Brooklyn Robins during the 1920s. Known for his impressive fastball, Vance was the only pitcher to lead the National League in strikeouts seven consecutive seasons. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955