Died in 1962

Jan 1 Diego Martínez Barrio a Spanish politician during the Second Spanish Republic, Prime Minister of Spain between 9 October 1933 and 26 December 1933 and was briefly appointed again by Manuel Azaña after the resignation of Santiago Casares Quiroga, on July 19, 1936 - three days after the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. From March 16, 1936 to March 30, 1939 Martínez was President of the Cortes. In 1936, he briefly was interim President of the Second Spanish Republic from 7 April to 10 of May
Jan 1 Hans von Salmuth a German general during World War A lifelong professional soldier, he served his country as a junior officer in World War I, a staff officer in the inter-war period and early World War II, and an army level commander. General von Salmuth commanded several different armies on the Eastern Front and his final command was the Fifteenth Army in France during and shortly after the D-Day invasion. After the war he spent five years in prison for war crimes
Jan 1 Henry Bucknall a British rower who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 1 Frances Rivett-Carnac a British sailor who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 2 Fares al-Khoury a Syrian statesman, minister, Prime Minister, speaker of Parliament, and Godfather of modern Syrian politics; born in Hasbaya in today's modern Lebanon. Faris Khoury went on to become Prime minister of Syria from October 14, 1944 to October 1, 1945 and from October 1954 to February 13, 1955. Khoury's ascension to the upper echelons of Syrian politics is remarkable, in light of the fact that he was Christian. Faris Koury's position as Prime Minister is, till this day, the highest political position a Syrian Christian has ever reached. Khoury's electoral popularity was due in part to his staunch secularist and nationalist policies. As a die-hard Syrian nationalist, Khoury never compromised on his principles and was resolutely against pan-Arabism and the ill-fated union between Syria and Egypt. Khoury opposed the short-lived union between Nasser's Egypt and republican Syria, the United Arab Republic. Through it all Faris Khoury served his country for almost 50 years. He was the grandfather of noted Syrian novelist Colette Khoury
Jan 3 Hermann Lux (footballer) a German footballer.
Jan 4 Hans Lammers jur. Hans Heinrich Lammers was a German jurist and prominent Nazi politician. From 1933 until 1945 he served as head of the Reich Chancellery under Adolf Hitler
Jan 5 Per Thorén a Swedish figure skater in the early 20th century who won a bronze medal at the 1908 Olympic Games. In Europe, the half loop jump, a variation of the loop jump, was often referred to as the Thorén jump
Jan 5 Kurt Schröder a German composer. Schröder composed a number of film scores. During the 1930s he worked in Britain for Alexander Korda's London Film Productions, and scored the company's breakthrough hit The Private Life of Henry VIII in 1933
Jan 6 Marziyya Davudova an Azerbaijani actress, People's Artist of USSR.
Jan 7 William Addison (VC) an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 8 Roger Ducret a French fencer and Olympic champion.
Jan 8 Maximilian Duke of Hohenberg the eldest son of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary, and his morganatic wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg. By definition of a morganatic marriage, he was excluded from the succession to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Jan 9 Leroy Shield an American film score and radio composer.
Jan 9 Donald Lippincott an American athlete who competed in the sprint events.
Jan 9 Lev V. Oshanin a Soviet professor, doctor, anthropologist, and founder of the department of anthropology at Tashkent University in Tashkent. Oshanin was most notable for his anthropological work in Central Asia
Jan 11 György Orth an Hungarian footballer and manager from Budapest. As well as being involved in football in his homeland, he also managed in Italy, Chile, Germany, Mexico, Peru, Argentina and Portugal. One of best footballers of his generation, György Orth was a midfielder or forward renowned for his technique and pace
Jan 12 James Garfield Gardiner a Canadian farmer, educator, and politician. He served as the fourth Premier of Saskatchewan, and as a minister in the Canadian Cabinet
Jan 12 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams a liberal politician, journalist, writer and feminist in Russia during the revolutionary period until 1920. Afterwards, she lived as a writer in Britain and the United States
Jan 13 Ernie Kovacs an American comedian, actor, and writer.
Jan 14 Rudolf von Bünau (father) a German general who commanded several Corps during World War He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. At the Enns River, in Austria, von Bünau surrendered to Major General Stanley Eric Reinhart's 261st Infantry Regiment. He was released in April 1947
Jan 15 Ivan Meštrović a Croatian sculptor and architect. He is renowned as one of the greatest sculptors of the 20th century. He was the first living person to have a one man show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City
Jan 16 R. H. Tawney Richard Henry "R. H." Tawney was an English economic historian, social critic, ethical socialist, Christian socialist, and an important proponent of adult education
Jan 16 James Wordie a Scottish polar explorer and geologist.
Jan 16 Frank Hurley an Australian photographer and adventurer. He participated in a number of expeditions to Antarctica and served as an official photographer with Australian forces during both world wars
Jan 17 Gerrit Achterberg a Dutch poet. His early poetry concerned a desire to be united with a beloved in death
Jan 19 Reg Noble a Canadian professional ice hockey forward and defenceman who played 17 professional seasons in the National Hockey Association and National Hockey League for the Toronto Blueshirts, Montreal Canadiens, Toronto Pats, Montreal Maroons, Detroit Cougars, Detroit Falcons and Detroit Red Wings. He was a three-time winner of the Stanley Cup, with Toronto and Montreal and was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1962. He was also the last active NHL player from both the NHL's inaugural season and the 1910s
Jan 20 Robinson Jeffers an American poet, known for his work about the central California coast. Most of Jeffers' poetry was written in narrative and epic form, but today he is also known for his short verse, and considered an icon of the environmental movement. Once influential and highly regarded, despite his stated 'inhumanism', Jeffers thought transcending conflict required human concerns to be de-emphasized in favor of the boundless whole. This led him to oppose US participation in WW2, a stand that was widely seen as misanthropic or nihilist, and destroyed his reputation
Jan 21 Georges Gimel a French expressionist painter of portraits, landscapes, mountain landscapes, still lifes and flowers. He was also a wood carver, lithographer, illustrator, set designer, sculptor, and enamel painter
Jan 22 Carl-Ehrenfried Carlberg a Swedish gymnast who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 23 Natalia Sedova best known as the second wife of Leon Trotsky, the Russian revolutionary. She was also an active revolutionary and wrote on cultural matters pertaining to Marxism. Her father was a wealthy merchant
Jan 24 Stanley Lord captain of the SS Californian, a ship that was in the vicinity of the RMS Titanic the night it sank on 15 April 1912 but which did not come to its assistance.
Jan 24 André Lhote a French sculptor and painter of figure subjects, portraits, landscapes and still life. He was also very active and influential as a teacher and writer on art
Jan 26 Lucky Luciano a Sicilian-born American mobster. Luciano is considered the father of modern organized crime in the United States for splitting New York City into five different Mafia crime families and the establishment of the first Commission. He was the first official boss of the modern Genovese crime family. He was, along with his associate Meyer Lansky, instrumental in the development of the National Crime Syndicate in the United States
Jan 26 Fran Lhotka a Czech-born Croatian composer of classical music.
Jan 28 Elliott P. Joslin the first doctor in the United States to specialize in diabetes and was the founder of today’s Joslin Diabetes Center. He was the first to advocate for teaching patients to care for their own diabetes, an approach now commonly referred to as “DSME” or Diabetes Self-Management Education. He is also a recognized pioneer in glucose management, identifying that tight glucose control leads to fewer and less extreme complications
Jan 28 Hermann Wlach an Austrian stage and film actor.
Jan 29 Fritz Kreisler an Austrian-born violinist and composer. One of the most famous violin masters of his or any other day, and regarded as one of the greatest violinists of all time, he was known for his sweet tone and expressive phrasing. Like many great violinists of his generation, he produced a characteristic sound which was immediately recognizable as his own. Although he derived in many respects from the Franco-Belgian school, his style is nonetheless reminiscent of the gemütlich lifestyle of pre-war Vienna
Jan 30 Manuel de Abreu a Brazilian physician and scientist, the inventor of abreugraphy, a rapid radiography of the lungs for screening tuberculosis. He is considered one of the most important Brazilian physicians, side by side with Carlos Chagas, Vital Brazil and Osvaldo Cruz
Jan 31 Vlasta Burian a Czech stage and film actor, singer, comedian, footballer and a film director. In the Czech Republic, he is known as Král komiků
Feb 1 Wilhelm Ohnesorge a German politician in the Third Reich who sat in Hitler's cabinet. From 1937 to 1945, he also acted as the minister and official of the Reichspost, the German postal service, having succeeded Paul Freiherr von Eltz-Rübenach as minister. Along with his ministerial duties, Ohnesorge also significantly delved into research relating to propagation and promotion of the Nazi Party through the radio, and the development of a proposed German atomic bomb
Feb 2 Shlomo Hestrin an Israeli biochemist.
Feb 5 Gaetano Cicognani an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura from 1954 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1953 by Pope Pius XII
Feb 5 Jacques Ibert a French composer. Having studied music from an early age, he studied at the Paris Conservatoire and won its top prize, the Prix de Rome at his first attempt, despite studies interrupted by his service in World War I
Feb 6 Władysław Dziewulski a Polish astronomer and mathematician.
Feb 6 Teodósio de Gouveia a Portuguese Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, who served as Archbishop of Lourenço Marques in Mozambique from 1940 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946 by Pope Pius XII.
Feb 6 Cândido Portinari one of the most important Brazilian painters and also a prominent and influential practitioner of the neo-realism style in painting.
Feb 7 Clara Nordström a German writer and translator of Swedish descent. With the themes of her writing and her Swedish maiden name she profited from the German interest for Scandinavian writers
Feb 10 Eduard von Steiger a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Feb 10 Władysław Broniewski a Polish poet and soldier.