1964 events in history

Jan 1 The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia
Jan 8 President Lyndon B. Johnson declares a "War on Poverty" in the United States
Jan 9 Martyrs' Day: Several Panamanian youths try to raise the Panamanian flag on the U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone, leading to fighting between U.S. military and Panamanian civilians
Jan 11 Surgeon General of the United States Dr. Luther Terry, M.D., publishes the landmark report Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States saying that smoking may be hazardous to health, sparking national and worldwide anti-smoking efforts
Jan 12 Rebels in Zanzibar begin a revolt known as the Zanzibar Revolution and proclaim a republic
Jan 13 Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, is appointed archbishop of Kraków, Poland
Jan 13 Anti-Muslim riots break out in Calcutta, resulting in 100 deaths
Jan 16 Hello, Dolly! (musical) starring Carol Channing opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances
Jan 23 The 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified
Jan 28 An unarmed USAF T-39 Sabreliner on a training mission is shot down over Erfurt, East Germany, by a Soviet MiG-19
Jan 30 Ranger program: Ranger 6 is launched
Jan 30 In a bloodless coup, General Nguyễn Khánh overthrows General Dương Văn Minh's military junta in South Vietnam
Feb 1 The Beatles have their first number one hit in the United States with I Want to Hold Your Hand
Feb 7 The Beatles first arrive in the United States. Their performance on The Ed Sullivan Show two days later would mark the beginning of the British Invasion
Feb 9 The Beatles make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing before a "record-busting" audience of 73 million viewers
Feb 10 Melbourne-Voyager collision: The aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne collides with and sinks the destroyer HMAS Voyager off the south coast of New South Wales, Australia, killing 82
Feb 11 Greeks and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus
Feb 17 In Wesberry v. Sanders the Supreme Court of the United States rules that congressional districts have to be approximately equal in population
Feb 17 Gabonese president Leon M'ba is toppled by a coup and his rival, Jean-Hilaire Aubame, is installed in his place
Feb 25 U.S. Air Force launches a satellite employing a US Air Force Atlas/Agena combination from Point Arguello (LC-2-3) in California and from Cape Kennedy in Florida
Feb 25 North Korean Prime Minister Kim Il-sung calls for the removal of feudalistic land ownership aimed at turning all cooperative farms into state-run ones
Feb 27 The Government of Italy asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over
Feb 29 In Sydney, Australian swimmer Dawn Fraser sets a new world record in the 100-meter freestyle swimming competition (58.9 seconds)
Mar 1 Villarrica Volcano begins a strombolian eruption causing lahars that destroy half of the town of Coñaripe
Mar 6 Constantine II becomes King of Greece
Mar 6 Nation of Islam's Elijah Muhammad officially gives boxing champion Cassius Clay the name Muhammad Ali
Mar 13 American Kitty Genovese is murdered, the media erroneously report that many of the victim's neighbours witnessed the crime yet failed to help, prompting research into the bystander effect
Mar 14 A jury in Dallas finds Jack Ruby guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, the assumed assassin of John F. Kennedy
Mar 20 The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO (European Space Research Organization) is established per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962
Mar 27 The Good Friday Earthquake, the most powerful earthquake in U.S. history at a magnitude of 9.2 strikes South Central Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage
Mar 30 Jeopardy!, hosted by Art Fleming debuts
Mar 31 A coup d'état in Brazil establishes a military government, under the aegis of general Castelo Branco
Apr 4 The Beatles occupy the top five positions on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart
Apr 7 IBM announces the System/360
Apr 8 Gemini 1 (unamanned test flight) launched
Apr 13 At the Academy Awards, Sidney Poitier becomes the first African-American male to win the Best Actor award for the 1963 film Lilies of the Field
Apr 15 The first Ford Mustang rolls off the show room floor, two days before it is set to go on sale nationwide
Apr 17 Ford Mustang is introduced to the North American market
Apr 17 Jerrie Mock becomes the first woman to circumnavigate the world by air
Apr 20 BBC Two launches with a power cut because of the fire at Battersea Power Station
Apr 21 A Transit-5bn satellite fails to reach orbit after launch; as it re-enters the atmosphere, 2.1 pounds (0.95 kg) of radioactive plutonium in its SNAP RTG power source is widely dispersed
Apr 22 The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair opens for its first season
Apr 26 Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to form Tanzania
May 2 Vietnam War: An explosion sinks the USS Card while it is docked at Saigon. Viet Cong forces are suspected of placing a bomb on the ship. She is raised and returned to service less than seven months later
May 2 First ascent of Shishapangma the fourteenth highest mountain in the world and the lowest of the Eight-thousanders
May 5 The Council of Europe declares May 5 as Europe Day
May 7 Pacific Air Lines Flight 773, a Fairchild F-27 airliner, crashes near San Ramon, California, killing all 44 aboard; the FBI later reports that a cockpit recorder tape indicates that the pilot and co-pilot had been shot by a suicidal passenger
May 9 Ngo Dinh Can, de facto ruler of central Vietnam under his brother President Ngo Dinh Diem before the family's toppling, is executed
May 20 Discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation by Robert Woodrow Wilson and Arno Penzias
May 22 The U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces the goals of his Great Society social reforms to bring an "end to poverty and racial injustice" in America