1965 events in history

Jan 1 The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul, Afghanistan
Jan 4 United States President Lyndon B. Johnson proclaims his "Great Society" during his State of the Union address
Jan 9 The Mirzapur Cadet College formally opens for academic activities in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh)
Jan 26 Hindi becomes the official language of India
Jan 28 The current design of the Flag of Canada is chosen by an act of Parliament
Jan 30 Some 1 million people attend former Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill's funeral, the biggest in the United Kingdom up to that point
Feb 1 The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada is renamed the Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill
Feb 8 Eastern Air Lines Flight 663 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean and explodes, killing everyone aboard
Feb 9 Vietnam War: The first United States troops with a combat mission, a Marine Corps Hawk air defense missile battalion, are sent to South Vietnam
Feb 15 A new red-and-white maple leaf design is adopted as the flag of Canada, replacing the old Canadian Red Ensign banner
Feb 17 Project Ranger: The Ranger 8 probe launches on its mission to photograph the Mare Tranquillitatis region of the Moon in preparation for the manned Apollo missions. Mare Tranquillitatis or the "Sea of Tranquility" would become the site chosen for the Apollo 11 lunar landing
Feb 18 The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom
Feb 19 Colonel Phạm Ngọc Thảo of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam, and a communist spy of the North Vietnamese Viet Minh, along with Generals Lâm Văn Phát and Trần Thiện Khiêm attempted a coup against the military junta of Nguyễn Khánh
Feb 20 Ranger 8 crashes into the moon after a successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo program astronauts
Feb 21 Malcolm X is assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City by members of the Nation of Islam
Mar 2 The US and South Vietnamese Air Force begin Operation Rolling Thunder, a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam
Mar 5 March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence
Mar 6 Premier Tom Playford of South Australia loses power after 27 years in office
Mar 7 Bloody Sunday: a group of 600 civil rights marchers is brutally attacked by state and local police in Selma, Alabama
Mar 15 President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to the Selma crisis, tells U.S. Congress "We shall overcome" while advocating the Voting Rights Act
Mar 18 Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space
Mar 19 The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000 and said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is discovered by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence, exactly 102 years after its destruction
Mar 21 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. leads 3,200 people on the start of the third and finally successful civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama
Mar 21 Ranger program: NASA launches Ranger 9, the last in a series of unmanned lunar space probes
Mar 23 The first issue of The Vigilant is published from Khartoum
Mar 23 NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States' first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young)
Mar 24 NASA spacecraft Ranger 9, equipped to convert its signals into a form suitable for showing on domestic television, brings images of the Moon into ordinary homes before crash landing
Mar 25 Civil rights activists led by Martin Luther King, Jr. successfully complete their 4-day 50-mile march from Selma to the capitol in Montgomery, Alabama
Mar 30 Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the United States Embassy, Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others
Apr 4 The first model of the new Saab Viggen fighter aircraft is unveiled
Apr 6 The British Government announces the cancellation of the TSR-2 aircraft project
Apr 6 Launch of Early Bird, the first communications satellite to be placed in geosynchronous orbit
Apr 9 Astrodome opens. First indoor baseball game is played
Apr 11 The Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1965: Fifty-one tornadoes hit in six Midwestern states, killing 256 people
Apr 21 The 1964–1965 New York World's Fair opens for its second and final season
Apr 24 Civil war breaks out in the Dominican Republic when Colonel Francisco Caamaño, overthrows the triumvirate that had been in power since the coup d'état against Juan Bosch
Apr 25 Teenage sniper Michael Andrew Clark kills three and wounds six others shooting from a hilltop along Highway 101 just south of Santa Maria, California
Apr 26 A Rolling Stones concert in London, Ontario is shut down by police after 15 minutes due to rioting
Apr 28 United States occupation of the Dominican Republic: American troops land in the Dominican Republic to "forestall establishment of a Communist dictatorship" and to evacuate U.S. Army troops
Apr 29 Pakistan's Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) successfully launches its seventh rocket in its Rehber series
May 1 Battle of Dong-Yin, a naval conflict between ROC and PRC, takes place
May 12 The Soviet spacecraft Luna 5 crashes on the Moon
May 18 Israeli spy Eli Cohen was hanged in Damascus, Syria
May 20 PIA Flight 705, a Pakistan International Airlines Boeing 720-040B, crashes while descending to land at Cairo International Airport, killing 121 of the 127 passengers and crew
May 27 Vietnam War: American warships begin the first bombardment of National Liberation Front targets within South Vietnam
Jun 3 The launch of Gemini 4, the first multi-day space mission by a NASA crew. Ed White, a crew member, performs the first American spacewalk
Jun 4 Duane Earl Pope robs the Farmers' State Bank of Big Springs, Nebraska, killing three people execution-style and severely wounding a fourth. The crime later puts Pope on the FBI Ten Most Wanted list
Jun 7 The Supreme Court of the United States hands down its decision in Griswold v. Connecticut, effectively legalizing the use of contraception by married couples
Jun 9 Vietnam War: The Viet Cong commences combat with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam in the Battle of Dong Xoai, one of the largest battles in the war
Jun 9 The civilian Prime Minister of South Vietnam, Phan Huy Quát, resigns after being unable to work with a junta led by Nguyễn Cao Kỳ