Died in 1968

Jan 2 Cuno Hoffmeister a German astronomer and founder of Sonneberg Observatory.
Jan 2 Nikolai Stepulov a Russian-born Soviet boxer from Estonia, who competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics.
Jan 4 Joseph Pholien a Belgian Catholic politician and member of the PSC-CVP. He was born in Liège, and volunteered to serve with the Belgian army during World War I, being commissioned as a first lieutenant. He was Minister of Justice under Paul-Henri Spaak from May 1938 to February 1939 and was the 37th Prime Minister of Belgium from 16 August 1950 to 15 January 1952. In 1966, he became a Minister of State
Jan 4 Bouke Benenga a Dutch freestyle swimmer and water polo player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 6 Vasyl Yermylov a Ukrainian painter, avant-garde artist and designer. His genres included cubism, constructivism, and neo-primitivism
Jan 6 Thomas Loudon a Canadian rower who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 6 Karl Kobelt a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Jan 7 Anatoly Babko a famous Ukrainian chemist, specializing in analytical chemistry and in the chemistry of complex compounds. Babko was a student of Professor Tananaev; Member of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian Soviet Republic , Honoured Science Worker of the Ukrainian SSR. In 1939 he organized the research department at the Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry of the Ukrainian SSR, and he managed it to the end of his life. Babko's main works are devoted to the physical chemistry of complex compounds and their use in analytical chemistry as well as photometric and fluorescence methods of analysis. In 1943 he was appointed to a professorship, in 1944 became the Head of the Department of Analytical Chemistry at the University of Kiev. He published more than 450 scientific works and 9 books that were translated into several languages
Jan 7 Mario Roatta an Italian general, best known for his role in Italian Second Army's repression against civilians, that matched the German one in the Slovene- and Croatian-inhabited areas of the Italian-occupied Yugoslavia during World War In his Circular 3C, Roatta ordered summary executions, hostage-taking, reprisals, internments, burning of houses and whole villages, and deportation of 25,000 people, which equaled 7.5% of the total population of Italy-occupied Province of Ljubljana, which filled up the Italian concentration camps on the island of Rab, in Gonars, Monigo , Renicci d'Anghiari, Chiesanuova and elsewhere. The survivors received no compensation from the Italian state after the war
Jan 7 Ephraim Longworth an England international footballer for Liverpool in the early part of the twentieth century.
Jan 7 J. L. B. Smith James Leonard Brierley Smith, known as J.L.B. Smith was a South African ichthyologist, organic chemist and university professor. He was the first to identify a taxidermied fish as a coelacanth, at the time thought long extinct
Jan 7 Grigory Ges a MiG-15 pilot of the Soviet Union.
Jan 8 Pietro Pastore an Italian professional football player and later, actor.
Jan 9 Louis Aubert a French composer.
Jan 9 Kōkichi Tsuburaya a Japanese athlete who competed mainly in the Marathon.
Jan 10 Ali Fuat Cebesoy a Turkish officer, politician and statesman.
Jan 10 Eben Dönges a South African politician who was elected State President of South Africa but died before he could take office, aged 69.
Jan 10 Basil Sydney an English actor who made over fifty screen appearances, most memorably as Claudius in Laurence Olivier's 1948 film of Hamlet. He also appeared in classic films like Treasure Island , Ivanhoe and Around the World in Eighty Days , but the focus of his career was the legitimate stage on both sides of the Atlantic
Jan 11 Marcello Pirani a German physicist known for his invention of the Pirani vacuum gauge, a vacuum gauge based on the principle of heat loss measurement. Throughout his career, he worked on advancing lighting technology and pioneered work on the physics of gas discharge
Jan 11 Rezső Seress a Hungarian pianist and composer. Some sources give his birth name as Rudolf Spitzer
Jan 11 Moshe Zvi Segal an eminent Israeli rabbi, linguist and Talmudic scholar. Segal appears to have changed his middle name in the late 50s or early 60s, eventually dropping Zvi entirely. This was perhaps to distinguish himself from another Israeli Rabbi Moshe Zvi Segal who was a nationalist political activist
Jan 12 Aleksandr Ivanovsky a Russian screenwriter and film director who worked during the Soviet era. Ivanovsky was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1941, for his work on the 1940 film Musical Story. His 1944 operetta film Silva was one of the most popular releases in the Soviet Union that year
Jan 14 Dorothea Mackellar an Australian poet and fiction writer. Her poem My Country is perhaps the best known Australian poem, especially its second stanza, which begins: "I love a sunburnt country/A land of sweeping plains,/Of ragged mountain ranges,/Of droughts and flooding rains."
Jan 15 Leopold Infeld a Polish physicist who worked mainly in Poland and Canada. He was a Rockefeller fellow at Cambridge University and a member of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Jan 15 Hein ter Poorten a Dutch military officer. He was the commander of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army in World War Ter Poorten was also Allied land forces commander in the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command on Java during early 1942
Jan 15 Bill Masterton a Canadian–American professional ice hockey centre who played in the National Hockey League for the Minnesota North Stars in 1967–68. He is the only player in NHL history to die as a direct result of injuries suffered during a game, the result of massive head injuries suffered following a hit during a January 13, 1968, contest against the Oakland Seals
Jan 16 Bob Jones Sr. an American evangelist, pioneer religious broadcaster and the founder and first president of Bob Jones University.
Jan 16 Charles Tiebout an economist and geographer most known for his development of the Tiebout model, which suggested that there were actually non-political solutions to the free rider problem in local governance. He graduated from Wesleyan University in 1950, and received a PhD in economics in University of Michigan in 1957. He was Professor of Economics and Geography at the University of Washington. He died suddenly on January 16, 1968, at age 43
Jan 17 Jennie Fletcher a British freestyle swimmer. In 1905 she set a world record in the 100 yd freestyle that stood for seven years. She was selected for the 1908 Olympics, but the women's swimming events were cancelled due to a shortage of participants. At the 1912 Summer Olympics she won a gold medal in the 4×100 m relay and a bronze medal in the individual 100 m race. In 1971 she was inducted to the International Swimming Hall of Fame
Jan 17 Julius Deutsch a politician in the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria, member of Parliament between 1920-1933 and co-founder and leader of the Social Democrat militia "Republikanischer Schutzbund".
Jan 17 Gholamreza Takhti an Iranian Olympic Gold-Medalist Wrestler and Varzesh-e Bastani practitioner. Popularly nicknamed Jahān Pahlevān because of his chivalrous behavior and sportsmanship , he was the most popular athlete of Iran in the 20th century, although dozens of Iranian athletes have won more international medals than he did. Takhti is still a hero to many Iranians. He is listed in the FILA wrestling hall of fame
Jan 18 Gribouille a singer and song writer.
Jan 19 Gaetano Crocco an Italian scientist and aeronautics pioneer, the founder of the Italian Rocket Society, and went on to become Italy's leading space scientist. He was born in Naples
Jan 19 Ray Harroun an American racecar driver most famous for winning the inaugural Indianapolis 500 in 1911.
Jan 21 Will Lang Jr. an American journalist and a bureau head for Life magazine.
Jan 21 Georg Dertinger a German politician from the German Democratic Republic.
Jan 21 Frances Dade an American film actress of the late 1920s and 1930s.
Jan 22 Aleksandr Arbuzov a Russian Empire and Soviet chemist who discovered the Michaelis–Arbuzov reaction.
Jan 22 Lance Sijan a United States Air Force officer and fighter pilot. On March 4, 1976, he posthumously received the Medal of Honor, the United States' highest military award, for his selflessness and courage in the face of lethal danger
Jan 22 Duke Kahanamoku a Hawaiian-American competition swimmer who was also known as an actor, lawman, early beach volleyball player and businessman credited with spreading the sport of surfing. Kahanamoku was a five-time Olympic medalist in swimming
Jan 23 Walter Hummel (musicologist) an Austrian musicologist and pedagog. Son of Joseph Friedrich Hummel, he held various positions in the Salzburg education system, in particular as director of the Salzburg Technical College
Jan 23 Wouter Lutkie a Dutch Catholic priest and fascist.
Jan 25 Yvor Winters an American poet and literary critic.
Jan 26 Nikola Furnadzhiev a Bulgarian poet and translator.
Jan 26 Merrill C. Meigs the publisher of the Chicago Herald and Examiner in the 1920s. Inspired to become a pilot by Charles Lindbergh's solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean, he became a booster of Chicago as a world center of aviation. He gave flying lessons to President Harry Truman
Jan 27 Valentin Ovechkin a Soviet writer, playwright, and journalist.
Jan 27 Sándor Gombos a Hungarian fencer.
Jan 28 Aleksander Maaker a folk musician, a player of the traditional torupill, the Estonian bagpipe. Maaker was from the Estonian island of Hiiumaa. At the time of his death, the only other torupill player was the revivalist Olev Roomet, at the time a choir member, though other revivalist such as Ants Taul took up the instrument and its construction beginning in the 1970s
Jan 28 Carlotta Zambelli an Italian prima ballerina and ballet teacher. Apart from a year in St Petersburg, she spent her entire career in Paris
Jan 29 Tsuguharu Foujita a painter and printmaker born in Tokyo, Japan who applied Japanese ink techniques to Western style paintings.