Died in 1970

Jan 1 Howard Scott an American engineer and founder of the Technocracy movement. He formed the Technical Alliance and Technocracy Incorporated
Jan 1 Dave Halliday a Scottish footballing prolific goalscorer and trophy winning manager. His 38 goals in 1923–24 made him top scorer in Scotland's top flight that season and 43 goals in 1928–29 gave him the same distinction in England's top flight that season. He scored 376 senior goals as well as scoring at two then non-league clubs. As a manager only Halliday and Alex Ferguson have guided Aberdeen to be Scottish champions
Jan 3 Gladys Aylward a British evangelical Christian missionary to China, whose story was told in the book, The Small Woman, by Alan Burgess, published in 1957. In 1958, the story was made into the film The Inn of the Sixth Happiness, starring Ingrid Bergman; although the movie was produced by Twentieth Century Fox, it was filmed entirely in North Wales and England
Jan 4 Jean-Étienne Valluy a French general.
Jan 5 Roberto Gerhard a Catalan composer and musical scholar and writer, generally known outside Catalonia as Roberto Gerhard.
Jan 5 Cyril Fagan an astrologer, who argued for the use of sidereal astrology in the west and established it as a separate field from tropical astrology.
Jan 5 Max Born a German physicist and mathematician who was instrumental in the development of quantum mechanics. He also made contributions to solid-state physics and optics and supervised the work of a number of notable physicists in the 1920s and 30s. Born won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics for his "fundamental research in Quantum Mechanics, especially in the statistical interpretation of the wave function"
Jan 6 Vincenzo Castaldi an Italian chess master.
Jan 7 Svetislav Stančić a Croatian pianist and music pedagogue.
Jan 8 Jani Christou a Greek composer.
Jan 8 Georges Guibourg a French singer, author, writer, playwright, and actor, George Guibourg, alias Georgius, alias Theodore Crapulet, was one of the most popular and versatile performers in Paris for more than 50 years.
Jan 10 Pavel Belyayev a Soviet fighter pilot with extensive experience in piloting different types of aircraft. He was the first commander of the cosmonaut corps and the cosmonaut who commanded the historic Voskhod 2 mission which saw the first man walk in space in 1965
Jan 10 Mario Fortunato an Argentine football player and manager. Fortunato won three championships as a player with Boca Juniors and went on to lead the club to four league championships as manager
Jan 10 Charles Olson a second generation American modernist poet who was a link between earlier figures such as Ezra Pound and William Carlos Williams and the New American poets, which includes the New York School, the Black Mountain School, the Beat poets, and the San Francisco Renaissance. Consequently, many postmodern groups, such as the poets of the language school, include Olson as a primary and precedent figure. He described himself not so much as a poet or writer but as "an archeologist of morning."
Jan 14 William Feller a Croatian-American mathematician specializing in probability theory.
Jan 15 William T. Piper an American airplane manufacturer, and founder and 1st president of Piper Aircraft Corporation 1929-1970. He graduated from Harvard University in 1903, and became known as "the Henry Ford of Aviation". The William Piper Memorial Airport in Lock Haven is named in his honor
Jan 15 Louis Fischer a Jewish-American journalist. Among his works were a contribution to the ex-Communist treatise The God that Failed , a Life of Mahatma Gandhi , basis for the Academy Award-winning film Gandhi , as well as a Life of Lenin, which won the 1965 National Book Award in History and Biography
Jan 15 Leah Goldberg a prolific Hebrew-language poet, author, playwright, literary translator, and comparative literary researcher. Her writings are considered classics of Israeli literature
Jan 15 Nicolae Coval a Moldavian SSR politician.
Jan 17 Simon Kovar a 20th-century bassoonist and one of the most renowned teachers of the instrument.
Jan 17 Billy Stewart an American musical artist, with a highly distinctive scat-singing style, who enjoyed popularity in the 1960s.
Jan 17 Raymond Benoist a French botanist and entomologist. He is known for his research involving the plant family Acanthaceae
Jan 18 David O. McKay the ninth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , serving from 1951 until his death. Ordained an apostle and member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in 1906, McKay was a general authority for nearly 64 years, longer than anyone else in LDS Church history, except Eldred Smith
Jan 19 Aldo De Benedetti an Italian screenwriter. He wrote for 118 films between 1920 and 1982
Jan 20 George M. Humphrey an American lawyer, businessman and banker. He served as the United States Secretary of the Treasury for President Dwight Eisenhower
Jan 21 Franz Aigner (weightlifter) an Austrian weightlifter who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics.
Jan 23 Nell Shipman a Canadian actress, author and screenwriter, producer, director, and animal trainer. She was a Canadian pioneer in early Hollywood. She is best known for her work in James Oliver Curwood stories and for portraying strong, adventurous women. In 1919, she and her producer husband, Ernest Shipman, made the most successful silent film in Canadian history, Back to God's Country in which she did one of the first on-screen nude scenes
Jan 24 Aleksandr Sergeyev (chess player) a Russian chess master.
Jan 25 Jane Bathori a French opera singer. Born in Paris, France, she was famous on the operatic stage and important in the development of contemporary French music
Jan 25 Rita Angus a New Zealand painter. Along with Colin McCahon and Toss Woollaston, she is credited as one of the leading figures in twentieth century New Zealand art. She worked primarily in oil and water colour, and is well known for her portraits and landscapes
Jan 25 Eiji Tsuburaya the Japanese special effects director responsible for many Japanese science-fiction movies, being one of the co-creators of the Godzilla series, as well as the main creator of Ultraman.
Jan 26 Caresse Crosby the first recipient of a patent for the modern bra, an American patron of the arts, publisher, and the "literary godmother to the Lost Generation of expatriate writers in Paris." She and her second husband, Harry Crosby, founded the Black Sun Press which was instrumental in publishing early works of many authors who would later become famous, including Kay Boyle, Hart Crane, Archibald MacLeish, Ernest Hemingway, Robert Duncan, Anaïs Nin, Charles Bukowski and Henry Miller.
Jan 27 Marietta Blau an Austrian physicist. After having obtained the general certificate of education from the girls' high school run by the Association for the Extended Education of Women, she studied physics and mathematics at the University of Vienna from 1914 to 1918; her PhD graduation was in March 1919. Blau is credited with developing nuclear emulsions that were usefully able to image and accurately measure high energy nuclear particles and events. Additionally, this established a method to accurately study reactions caused by cosmic ray events. Her nuclear emulsions significantly advanced the field of particle physics in her time. For her work she was nominated for the 1950 Nobel Prize in Physics by Erwin Schrödinger
Jan 27 Erich Heckel a German painter and printmaker, and a founding member of the Die Brücke group which existed 1905-1913.
Jan 28 Tommy Andrews (cricketer) an Australian cricketer who played in 16 Tests from 1921 to 1926.
Jan 29 B. H. Liddell Hart Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart , commonly known throughout most of his career as Captain H. Liddell Hart, was an English soldier, military historian and military theorist. He is often credited with greatly influencing the development of armoured warfare, although some research casts some doubt on the extent of his influence upon the pre-war German military
Jan 29 Lawren Harris a Canadian painter. He was born in Brantford, Ontario and is best known as a member the Group of Seven who pioneered a distinctly Canadian painting style in the early twentieth century. Y. Jackson has been quoted as saying that Harris provided the stimulus for the Group of Seven. During the 1920s, Harris's works became more abstract and simplified, especially his stark landscapes of the Canadian north and Arctic. He also stopped signing and dating his works so that people would judge his works on their own merit and not by the artist or when they were painted
Jan 29 Viktor Bolkhovitinov a Soviet engineer, team-leader of the developers of the Bereznyak-Isayev BI-1 aircraft.
Jan 29 Aryeh Ben-Eliezer a Revisionist Zionist leader, Irgun member and Israeli politician.
Jan 30 Fritz Bayerlein an officer in the German Army during the Second World War. He served as the operations officer for a number of significant units, most prominently with Erwin Rommel in the Afrika Korps. On his return to Europe he was made divisional commander for the 3rd Panzer Division, and later the Panzer Lehr Division. In the closing stages of the war he commanded the LIII Army Corps. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 31 Slim Harpo an American blues musician, a leading exponent of the swamp blues style, and "one of the most commercially successful blues artists of his day". His most successful and influential recordings included "I'm a King Bee" , "Rainin' In My Heart" , and "Baby Scratch My Back" which reached no.1 on the R&B chart and no.16 on the US pop chart. A master of the blues harmonica, his stage name was derived from the popular nickname for that instrument, the "harp"
Jan 31 Mikhail Mil a Soviet aerospace engineer. He founded the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant, which is responsible for many well-known Soviet helicopter models
Feb 1 Blaž Arnič a Slovenian symphonic composer.
Feb 1 Alfréd Rényi a Hungarian mathematician who made contributions in combinatorics, graph theory, number theory but mostly in probability theory.
Feb 2 Jaroslav Vogel a Czech conductor, composer and writer. He was principal conductor of the Brno Philharmonic Orchestra from 1959 to 1962
Feb 2 Bertrand Russell a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, social critic and political activist. At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist, but he also admitted that he had never been any of these in any profound sense. He was born in Monmouthshire, into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in Britain
Feb 2 Lawrence Gray an American actor of the 1920s and 1930s.
Feb 3 Eino Railio a Finnish gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 3 Heinrich Behmann a German mathematician. He performed research in the field of set theory and predicate logic
Feb 3 Italo Gariboldi a senior officer in the Italian Royal Army before and during World War He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross by German Führer Adolf Hitler, for his leadership of Italian forces in the Battle of Stalingrad.