1971 events in history

Jan 1 Hellenic Railways Organisation, the Greek national railway company, is founded
Jan 1 Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television
Jan 2 The second Ibrox disaster kills 66 fans at a Rangers-Celtic association football (soccer) match
Jan 8 Bowing to international pressure, President of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto releases Bengali leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from prison, who had been arrested after declaring the independence of Bangladesh
Jan 12 The Harrisburg Seven: Reverend Philip Berrigan and five others are indicted on charges of conspiring to kidnap Henry Kissinger and of plotting to blow up the heating tunnels of federal buildings in Washington, D.C
Jan 12 All in the Family The famous situation comedy premieres on CBS
Jan 21 The current Emley Moor transmitting station, the tallest free-standing structure in the United Kingdom, begins transmitting UHF broadcasts
Jan 22 The Singapore Declaration, one of the two most important documents to the uncodified constitution of the Commonwealth of Nations, is issued
Jan 25 Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda's president
Jan 25 Charles Manson and three female "Family" members are found guilty of the 1969 Tate-LaBianca murders
Jan 30 Carole King's Tapestry album is released to become the longest charting album by a female solo artist and sell 24 million copies worldwide
Jan 31 Apollo program: Apollo 14 – Astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell, aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on the Moon
Jan 31 The Winter Soldier Investigation, organized by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War to publicize war crimes and atrocities by Americans and allies in Vietnam, begins in Detroit, Michigan
Feb 2 The international Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands is signed in Ramsar, Mazandaran, Iran
Feb 2 Idi Amin replaces President Milton Obote as leader of Uganda
Feb 3 New York Police Officer Frank Serpico is shot during a drug bust in Brooklyn and survives to later testify against police corruption. Many believe the incident proves that NYPD officers tried to kill him
Feb 5 Astronauts land on the moon in the Apollo 14 mission
Feb 8 South Vietnamese ground troops launch an incursion into Laos to try to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail and stop communist infiltration
Feb 8 The NASDAQ stock market index opens for the first time
Feb 9 Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned Moon landing
Feb 9 Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to be voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame
Feb 9 The Sylmar earthquake hits the San Fernando Valley area of California
Feb 11 Eighty-seven countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union, sign the Seabed Arms Control Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor in international waters
Feb 13 Vietnam War: Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos
Feb 15 The decimalisation of British coinage is completed on Decimal Day
Feb 20 The United States Emergency Broadcast System is accidentally activated in an erroneous national alert
Feb 21 The Convention on Psychotropic Substances is signed at Vienna
Feb 24 The All India Forward Bloc holds an emergency central committee meeting after its chairman, Hemantha Kumar Bose, is killed 3 days earlier. P.K. Mookiah Thevar is appointed as the new chairman
Feb 25 The first unit of the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station, the first commercial nuclear power station in Canada, goes online
Feb 26 U.N. Secretary General U Thant signs United Nations proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day
Feb 27 Doctors in the first Dutch abortion clinic (the Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start to perform aborti provocati
Mar 1 President of Pakistan Yahya Khan indefinitely postpones the pending national assembly session, precipitating massive civil disobedience in East Pakistan
Mar 1 A bomb explodes in a men's room in the United States Capitol: the Weather Underground claims responsibility
Mar 7 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivers his historic speech at Suhrawardy Udyan
Mar 12 The March 12 Memorandum is sent to the Demirel government of Turkey and the government resigns
Mar 18 In Peru a landslide crashes into Yanawayin Lake, killing 200 people at the mining camp of Chungar
Mar 25 Bangladesh Liberation War: Beginning of Operation Searchlight by the Pakistani Armed Forces against East Pakistani civilians
Mar 25 The Army of the Republic of Vietnam abandon an attempt to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail in Laos
Mar 26 East Pakistan declares its independence from Pakistan to form the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Bangladesh Liberation War begins
Mar 29 My Lai massacre: Lieutenant William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison
Mar 29 A Los Angeles, California jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers
Apr 1 Bangladesh Liberation War: The Pakistan Army massacre over 1,000 people in Keraniganj Upazila, Bangladesh
Apr 5 In Sri Lanka, Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna launches a revolt against the United Front government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike
Apr 7 President Richard Nixon announces his decision to increase the rate of American troop withdrawals from Vietnam
Apr 10 Ping-pong diplomacy: In an attempt to thaw relations with the United States, the People's Republic of China hosts the U.S. table tennis team for a week-long visit
Apr 17 The People's Republic of Bangladesh forms, under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman at Mujibnagor
Apr 19 Charles Manson is sentenced to death (later commuted life imprisonment) for conspiracy to commit the Tate/LaBianca murders
Apr 19 Launch of Salyut 1, the first space station
Apr 19 Vietnam War: Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin a five-day demonstration in Washington, D.C
Apr 19 Sierra Leone becomes a republic, and Siaka Stevens the president