1974 events in history

Jan 2 United States President Richard Nixon signs a bill lowering the maximum U.S. speed limit to 55 MPH in order to conserve gasoline during an OPEC embargo
Jan 4 United States President Richard Nixon refuses to hand over materials subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee
Jan 5 Warmest reliably measured temperature in Antarctica of +59 °F (+15 °C) recorded at Vanda Station
Jan 5 An earthquake in Lima, Peru, kills six people, and damages hundreds of houses
Jan 6 In response to the 1973 oil crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States
Jan 13 Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece
Jan 15 Dennis Rader aka the BTK Killer kills his first victims by binding, torturing and murdering Joseph, Joseph II, Josephine and Julie Otero in their house
Jan 18 A Disengagement of Forces agreement is signed between the Israeli and Egyptian governments, ending conflict on the Egyptian front of the Yom Kippur War
Jan 19 China gain control over all the Paracel Islands after a military engagement between the naval forces of the People's Republic of China and Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)
Jan 27 The Brisbane River breaches its banks causing the largest flood to affect the city of Brisbane in the 20th century
Feb 1 Kuala Lumpur is declared a Federal Territory
Feb 1 A fire in the 25-story Joelma Building in Sao Paulo, Brazil kills 189 and injures 293
Feb 4 The Symbionese Liberation Army kidnaps Patty Hearst in Berkeley, California
Feb 4 M62 coach bombing: The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) explodes a bomb on a bus carrying off-duty British Armed Forces personnel in Yorkshire, England. Nine soldiers and three civilians are killed
Feb 7 Grenada gains independence from the United Kingdom
Feb 8 After 84 days in space, the crew of Skylab 4, the last crew to visit American space station Skylab, returns to Earth
Feb 8 Military coup in Upper Volta
Feb 12 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970, is exiled from the Soviet Union
Feb 17 Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House in a stolen helicopter
Feb 21 The last Israeli soldiers leave the west bank of the Suez Canal pursuant to a truce with Egypt
Feb 22 The Organisation of the Islamic Conference summit begins in Lahore, Pakistan. Thirty-seven countries attend and twenty-two heads of state and government participate. It also recognizes Bangladesh
Feb 22 Samuel Byck tries and fails to assassinate U.S. President Richard Nixon
Feb 23 The Symbionese Liberation Army demands $4 million more to release kidnap victim Patty Hearst
Mar 1 Watergate scandal: Seven are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice
Mar 3 Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes at Ermenonville near Paris, France killing all 346 aboard
Mar 4 People magazine is published for the first time in the United States as People Weekly
Mar 5 Yom Kippur War: Israeli forces withdraw from the west bank of the Suez Canal
Mar 8 Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France
Mar 18 Oil embargo crisis: Most OPEC nations end a five-month oil embargo against the United States, Europe and Japan
Mar 20 Ian Ball attempts, but fails, to kidnap Her Royal Highness Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips in The Mall, outside Buckingham Palace, London
Mar 26 Gaura Devi leads a group of 27 women of Laata village, Henwalghati, Garhwal Himalayas, to form circles around trees to stop them being felled and giving rise to the Chipko Movement in India
Mar 29 Local farmers in Lintong District, Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China, discover the Terracotta Army that was buried with Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China, in the third century BCE
Mar 29 NASA's Mariner 10 becomes the first spaceprobe to fly by Mercury
Apr 1 In the United Kingdom, the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties come into being
Apr 3 The Super Outbreak occurs, the second biggest tornado outbreak in recorded history (after the April 25–28, 2011 tornado outbreak). The death toll is 315, with nearly 5,500 injured
Apr 6 The Swedish pop band ABBA wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1974 with the song "Waterloo", launching their international career
Apr 8 At Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium, Hank Aaron hits his 715th career home run to surpass Babe Ruth's 39-year-old record
Apr 13 Western Union (in cooperation with NASA and Hughes Aircraft) launches the United States' first commercial geosynchronous communications satellite, Westar 1
Apr 18 The Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto inaugurates Lahore's dry port
Apr 25 Carnation Revolution: A leftist military coup in Portugal overthrows the fascist Estado Novo regime and establishes a democratic government
Apr 27 Ten thousand march in Washington, D.C., calling for the impeachment of U.S. President Richard Nixon
Apr 29 Watergate Scandal: President Richard Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of White House tape recordings relating to the scandal
May 1 The Argentine terrorist organization Montoneros is expelled from Plaza de Mayo by president Juan Perón
May 4 An all-female Japanese team reaches the summit of Manaslu, becoming the first women to climb an 8,000-meter peak
May 7 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt resigns
May 9 Watergate Scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee opens formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard Nixon
May 15 Ma'alot massacre: Members of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine attack and take hostages at an Israeli school; a total of 31 people are killed, including 22 schoolchildren
May 16 Josip Broz Tito is re-elected president of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. This time he is elected for life
May 17 The Troubles: Thirty-three civilians are killed and 300 injured when the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) detonates four car bombs in Dublin and Monaghan, Republic of Ireland. It is the deadliest attack of the Troubles and the deadliest terrorist attack in the Republic's history. There are allegations that British state forces were involved
May 17 Police in Los Angeles raid the Symbionese Liberation Army's headquarters, killing six members, including Camilla Hall