1977 events in history

Jan 1 Charter 77 published its first document
Jan 3 Apple Computer is incorporated
Jan 8 Three bombs explode in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union within 37 minutes, killing seven. The bombings are attributed to an Armenian separatist group
Jan 17 Convicted murderer Gary Gilmore is executed by a firing squad in Utah, ending a ten-year moratorium on capital punishment in the United States
Jan 18 Australia's worst rail disaster occurs at Granville, Sydney killing 83
Jan 18 SFR Yugoslavia's Prime minister, Džemal Bijedić, his wife and 6 others are killed in a plane crash in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Jan 18 Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease
Jan 19 Snow falls in Miami, Florida. This is the only time in the history of the city that snow has fallen. It also fell in the Bahamas
Jan 19 President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (a.k.a. "Tokyo Rose")
Jan 21 President of the United States Jimmy Carter pardons nearly all American Vietnam War draft evaders, some of whom had emigrated to Canada
Jan 24 Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy
Jan 28 The first day of the Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 which dumps 10 feet (3.0 m) of snow in one-day in Upstate New York, with Buffalo, Syracuse, Watertown, and surrounding areas most affected. Disintegration of the Space Shuttle Challenger
Feb 4 A Chicago Transit Authority elevated train rear-ends another and derails, killing 11 and injuring 180, the worst accident in the agency's history
Feb 18 The Space Shuttle Enterprise test vehicle is carried on its maiden "flight" on top of a Boeing 747
Mar 4 The 1977 Vrancea earthquake in eastern and southern Europe kills more than 1,500, mostly in the seriously damaged city of Bucharest, Romania
Mar 9 The Hanafi Siege: In a thirty-nine-hour standoff, armed Hanafi Muslims seize three Washington, D.C., buildings, killing two and taking 149 hostage
Mar 10 Rings of Uranus: Astronomers discover rings around Uranus
Mar 11 The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: more than 130 hostages held in Washington, D.C., by Hanafi Muslims are set free after ambassadors from three Islamic nations join negotiations
Mar 16 Assassination of Kamal Jumblatt, the main leader of the anti-government forces in the Lebanese Civil War
Mar 27 Tenerife airport disaster: Two Boeing 747 airliners collide on a foggy runway on Tenerife in the Canary Islands, killing 583 (all 248 on KLM and 335 on Pan Am). Sixty-one survived on the Pan Am flight. This is the worst aviation accident in history
Apr 7 German Federal prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by two Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light
Apr 11 London Transport's Silver Jubilee buses are launched
Apr 22 Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone traffic
Apr 27 Twenty-eight people are killed in the Guatemala City air disaster
Apr 28 The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed
Apr 28 The Red Army Faction trial ends, with Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe found guilty of four counts of murder and more than 30 counts of attempted murder
May 1 Thirty-six people are killed in Taksim Square, Istanbul, during the Labour Day celebrations
May 9 Hotel Polen fire: A disastrous fire burns down the Hotel Polen in Amsterdam causing 33 deaths and 21 severe injuries
May 25 Chinese government removes a decade old ban on William Shakespeare's work, effectively ending the Cultural Revolution started in 1966
May 25 Star Wars is released in theaters, inspiring the Jediism religion and Geek Pride Day holiday
May 26 George Willig climbs the South Tower of New York City's World Trade Center
May 28 In Southgate, Kentucky, the Beverly Hills Supper Club is engulfed in fire, killing 165 people inside
May 31 The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System completed
Jun 5 A coup takes place in Seychelles
Jun 7 500 million people watched the high day of the Silver Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II begin on television
Jun 10 The Apple II, one of the first personal computers, goes on sale
Jun 10 James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee, but is recaptured on June 13
Jun 13 Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before
Jun 16 Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates
Jun 21 Bülent Ecevit, of the CHP forms the new government of Turkey
Jun 26 The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she is the first victim who is not a prostitute
Jun 26 Elvis Presley performs the final concert of his life in Indianapolis, Indiana
Jun 27 France grants independence to Djibouti
Jun 30 The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands
Jul 4 The George Jackson Brigade plants a bomb at the main power substation for the Washington state capitol in Olympia, in solidarity with a prison strike at the Walla Walla State Penitentiary Intensive Security Unit
Jul 5 Military coup in Pakistan: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, is overthrown
Jul 11 Martin Luther King, Jr. is posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Jul 13 Somalia declares war on Ethiopia, starting the Ethiopian-Somali War
Jul 13 New York, New York, amidst a period of financial and social turmoil experiences an electrical blackout lasting nearly 24 hours that leads to widespread fires and looting
Jul 20 The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control experiments