1980 events in history

Jan 1 Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden
Jan 7 U.S. President Jimmy Carter authorizes legislation giving $1.5 billion in loans to bail out the Chrysler Corporation
Jan 25 Mother Teresa is honored with India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna
Jan 26 Israel and Egypt establish diplomatic relations
Jan 27 Through cooperation between the U.S. and Canadian governments, six American diplomats secretly escape hostilities in Iran in the culmination of the Canadian Caper
Jan 28 USCGC Blackthorn collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers
Feb 2 Reports surface that the FBI is targeting allegedly corrupt Congressmen in the Abscam operation
Feb 4 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini names Abolhassan Banisadr as president of Iran
Feb 17 Mount Everest, 1st Winter Ascent by Krzysztof Wielicki and Leszek Cichy
Feb 22 Miracle on Ice: In Lake Placid, New York, the United States hockey team defeats the Soviet Union hockey team 4–3
Feb 23 Iran hostage crisis: Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran's parliament will decide the fate of the American embassy hostages
Feb 24 The United States Olympic Hockey team completes their Miracle on Ice by defeating Finland 4-2 to win the gold medal
Feb 25 The government of Suriname is overthrown by a military coup which is initiated by the bombing of the police station from an army ship off the coast of the nation's capital, Paramaribo
Feb 26 Egypt and Israel establish full diplomatic relations
Feb 28 Andalusia approves its statute of autonomy through a referendum
Feb 29 Gordie Howe of the then Hartford Whalers makes NHL history as he scores his 800th goal
Mar 3 The USS Nautilus is decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register
Mar 4 Nationalist leader Robert Mugabe wins a sweeping election victory to become Zimbabwe's first black prime minister
Mar 10 Madeira School headmistress Jean Harris shoots and kills Scarsdale diet doctor Herman Tarnower
Mar 10 Formation of the Irish Army Ranger Wing
Mar 14 In Poland, a plane crashes during final approach near Warsaw, killing 87 people, including a 14-man American boxing team
Mar 18 At Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia, 50 people are killed by an explosion of a Vostok-2M rocket on its launch pad during a fueling operation
Mar 20 The Radio Caroline ship, Mi Amigo founders in a gale off the English coast
Mar 21 Dallas aired its "A House Divided" episode, which led to eight months of international intrigue regarding Who shot J.R
Mar 21 US President Jimmy Carter announces a United States boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet war in Afghanistan
Mar 23 Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans
Mar 24 Archbishop Óscar Romero is killed while celebrating Mass in San Salvador
Mar 27 Silver Thursday: A steep fall in silver prices, resulting from the Hunt Brothers attempting to corner the market in silver, led to panic on commodity and futures exchanges
Mar 27 The Norwegian oil platform Alexander L. Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212
Mar 31 The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad operates its final train after being ordered to liquidate its assets because of bankruptcy and debts owed to creditors
Apr 2 United States President Jimmy Carter signs the Crude Oil Windfall Profits Tax Act in an effort to help the U.S. economy rebound
Apr 7 The United States severs relations with the Islamic Republic of Iran
Apr 9 The Iraqi regime of Saddam Hussein kills philosopher Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr and his sister Bint al-Huda after three days of torture
Apr 12 Terry Fox begins his "Marathon of Hope" at St. John's, Newfoundland
Apr 12 Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d'état, ending over 130 years of minority Americo-Liberian rule over the country
Apr 18 The Republic of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) comes into being, with Canaan Banana as the country's first President. The Zimbabwe Dollar replaces the Rhodesian Dollar as the official currency
Apr 20 Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested
Apr 24 Eight U.S. servicemen die in Operation Eagle Claw as they attempt to end the Iran hostage crisis
Apr 30 The Iranian Embassy siege begins in London
Apr 30 Beatrix becomes Queen of the Netherlands
May 5 Operation Nimrod: The British Special Air Service storms the Iranian embassy in London after a six-day siege
May 8 The World Health Organization confirms the eradication of smallpox
May 9 In Norco, California, five masked gunmen hold up a Security Pacific bank, leading to a violent shoot-out and one of the largest pursuits in California history. Two of the gunmen and one police officer are killed and thirty-three police and civilian vehicles are destroyed in the chase
May 9 In Florida, Liberian freighter MV Summit Venture collides with the Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay, making a 1,400-ft. section of the southbound span collapse. Thirty-five people in six cars and a Greyhound bus fall 150 ft. into the water and die
May 13 An F3 tornado hits Kalamazoo County, Michigan. President Jimmy Carter declares it a federal disaster area
May 17 On the eve of presidential elections, Maoist guerrilla group Shining Path attacks a polling location in the town of Chuschi, Ayacucho, starting the Internal conflict in Peru
May 17 General Chun Doo-hwan of South Korea seizes control of the government and declares martial law in order to suppress student demonstrations
May 18 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens: Mount St. Helens erupts in Washington, United States, killing 57 people and causing $3 billion in damage
May 18 Gwangju Massacre: students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations calling for democratic reforms
May 20 In a referendum in Quebec, the population rejects by a 60% vote the proposal from its government to move towards independence from Canada