Died in 1983

Jan 1 Maria Rudnitskaya a Russian Soviet realist painter, graphic artist, and art teacher, who lived and worked in Leningrad. She was a member of the Leningrad Union of Artists, regarded as one of representatives of the Leningrad school of painting
Jan 2 Dick Emery an English comedian and actor. Beginning on radio in the 1950s, an eponymous television series ran from 1963 to 1981
Jan 3 Lenyeletse Seretse Vice-President of Botswana from 1980 until his death on 3 January 1983. From Northern Botswana, Seretse was appointed Vice-President to placate his fellow Northerners following the assumption of Southerner Quett Masire to the Presidency
Jan 5 Chapman Grant an American herpetologist, historian, and publisher. He was the last living grandson of United States President Ulysses Grant
Jan 6 Yang Yong (general) a general in the People's Liberation Army of China. He served as the secretary of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee between September 1982 to January 1983, and governor of Guizhou, from January 1950 to April 1951
Jan 7 Eliza Amy Hodgson a New Zealand botanist who specialized in liverworts. Self-educated, she published her first scientific paper at the age of 42. She became a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London and the Royal Society of New Zealand
Jan 8 Ron Frazer an Australian actor and comedian.
Jan 8 Tom McCall an American politician and journalist in the state of Oregon. A Republican, he was the 30th Governor of Oregon from 1967 to 1975. A native of Massachusetts, he grew up there and in Central Oregon before attending the University of Oregon. After college he worked as a journalist including time at Portland's The Oregonian during World War II
Jan 8 Gerhard Barkhorn the second most successful fighter ace of all time after fellow Luftwaffe pilot Erich Hartmann. Barkhorn joined the Luftwaffe in 1937 and completed his training in 1939
Jan 10 Paul Nowak (basketball) an American basketball player. He was a three-time All-American at Notre Dame and was an early professional in the National Basketball League
Jan 10 Roy DeMeo a member of the Gambino crime family. He is infamous for heading the DeMeo crew, a gang suspected by the FBI of murdering as many as 100 people between 1973 and 1983. The vast majority of their victim's bodies were disposed of so thoroughly that they were never found. The crew also gained notoriety due to their use of dismemberment as a method of disposing of their victims
Jan 11 Tikhon Kiselyov a Belarusian statesman in the Soviet Union, the leader of the Communist Party of Belorussia, i.e., the de facto leader of the Byelorussian SSR.
Jan 11 Grigori Roshal a Soviet film director and screenwriter. He directed 26 films between 1926 and 1968
Jan 12 Rebop Kwaku Baah a Ghanaian percussionist perhaps best known for working with the 1970s rock groups Traffic and Can.
Jan 12 Nikolai Podgorny a Soviet Ukrainian statesman during the Cold War. He served as First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine from 1957 to 1963 and as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1965 to 1977. He was replaced as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in 1977 by General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev. That same year he lost his seat in the Political Bureau and was forced to resign from active politics
Jan 13 René Bonnet a French driver and automobile constructor.
Jan 14 Udo von Woyrsch a high-ranking Nazi, who rose to the rank of SS Obergruppenführer and was responsible for numerous murders during The Holocaust.
Jan 15 Shepperd Strudwick an American actor of film, television and stage.
Jan 15 Masatane Kanda a lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
Jan 15 Meyer Lansky a major organized crime figure who, along with his associate Charles "Lucky" Luciano, was instrumental in the development of the "National Crime Syndicate" in the United States.
Jan 15 Armin Öpik an Estonian paleontologist who spent the second half of his career at the Bureau of Mineral Resources in Australia. He was born on at the village Lontova, now a quarter of Kunda in Estonia and died in Canberra. Öpik's farther was the harbor master of Kunda. He had five brothers and one sister. His oldest brother Paul, later a director of the Bank of Estonia, introduced Armin to fossils. His sister Anna was a philologist, fluent in 14 languages, including Sanskrit. His brother Ernst was a famous astronomer. During the First World War he got to know Barbara Potaschko. They had one son and three daughters. Öpik is mostly known for his work on the Cambrian and Lower Ordovician stratigraphy and paleontology of northern Australia
Jan 16 Vladimir Bakarić a Croatian communist and a politician in Socialist Yugoslavia.
Jan 17 John W. Dunn (animator) a Scottish screenwriter and animator for animated cartoons, from 1955 to 1983.
Jan 17 William Martz an American chess International Master, who was active from 1963 until his death.
Jan 17 Doodles Weaver an American character actor, comedian and musician.
Jan 18 Arturo Umberto Illia President of Argentina from October 12, 1963, to June 28, 1966, and a member of the centrist UCR.
Jan 19 Ham (chimpanzee) a chimpanzee and the first Hominidae launched into space, on 31 January 1961, as part of America's space program. Ham's name is an acronym for the lab which prepared him for his historic mission — the Holloman Aerospace Medical Center, located at Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico
Jan 20 Garrincha a Brazilian footballer who played right winger and forward. He is regarded by many as the best dribbler in football history
Jan 20 Sol Spiegelman an American molecular biologist. He developed the technique of nucleic acid hybridization, which helped to lay the groundwork for advances in recombinant DNA technology
Jan 21 Lamar Williams an American musician, most known as the bassist for The Allman Brothers Band and Sea Level.
Jan 22 Donald Madden an American theater, television, and film actor known for his role as John Dickinson in the film 1776 and his portrayal of Hamlet onstage in New York.
Jan 23 Morris Bender an American neuroscientist and professor of neurology at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. He joined the faculty of Mount Sinai in 1933 and became chairman of the neurology department in 1951. Bender was among the most widely published neuorologists of his generation, publishing more than two hundred peer-reviewed articles. His textbook, Disorders in Perception , remains highly influential
Jan 23 Fred Bakewell a Northamptonshire and England opening batsman who was renowned as one of the most exciting players of his time, largely owing to his unorthodox methods, which allowed him to play some of the most brilliant innings in county cricket, despite the fact that his county, Northamptonshire, was exceptionally weak throughout his career: he was always the only class batsman in the team in the years before his career was ended by a serious car accident in 1936.
Jan 23 Geoffrey Hodson an occultist, Theosophist, mystic, Liberal Catholic priest, philosopher and esotericist, and a leading light for over 70 years in the Theosophical Society. He was educated in England
Jan 24 Avdo Humo a Yugoslav and Bosnian communist politician, writer and an Order of the People's Hero recipient.
Jan 24 Gerhard Schaar a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 24 Juan Carlos Zabala an Argentine athlete, winner of the marathon race at the 1932 Summer Olympics.
Jan 24 Johan Grøttumsbråten a Norwegian skier who competed in Nordic combined and cross-country. Dominating both events in the 1920s and early 1930s, he won several medals in the early Winter Olympics. Most notably, he won two gold medals at the 1928 Winter Olympics, and as one of the only two entrants to win two gold medalists from Moritz, was the most successful athlete there, along with Clas Thunberg of Finland. He previously won three medals at the inaugural Winter Olympics held in Chamonix in 1924, and went on to defend his Olympic Nordic Combined at the 1932 Winter Olympics
Jan 24 George Cukor an American film director. He mainly concentrated on comedies and literary adaptations. His career flourished at RKO when David Selznick, the studio's Head of Production, assigned Cukor to direct several of RKO's major films, including What Price Hollywood? , A Bill of Divorcement , Our Betters , and Little Women. When Selznick moved to MGM in 1933 Cukor followed and directed Dinner at Eight and David Copperfield for Selznick and Romeo and Juliet and Camille for Irving Thalberg
Jan 24 Semen Altshuler a Soviet physicist known for his work in resonance spectroscopy and in particular for theoretical prediction of acoustic paramagnetic resonance in 1952.
Jan 26 Bear Bryant an American college football player and coach. He was best known as the longtime head coach of the University of Alabama football team. During his 25-year tenure as Alabama's head coach, he amassed six national championships and thirteen conference championships. Upon his retirement in 1982, he held the record for most wins as head coach in collegiate football history with 323 wins. At the University of Alabama, the Paul Bryant Museum, Paul Bryant Hall, Paul Bryant Drive and Bryant–Denny Stadium are all named in his honor. He was also known for his trademark black and white houndstooth or gingham hat, deep voice, casually leaning up against the goal post during pre-game warmups, and frequently holding his rolled-up game plan while on the sidelines
Jan 27 Georges Bidault a French politician. During World War II, he was active in the French Resistance. After the war, he served as foreign minister and prime minister on several occasions before he joined the Organisation armée secrète
Jan 27 Louis de Funès a popular French actor of Spanish origin and one of the giants of French comedy alongside André Bourvil and Fernandel. His acting style is remembered for its high energy performance, wide range of facial expressions and engaging, snappy impatience and selfishness
Jan 28 Claude Papi a former football midfielder from France, who earned three caps for the French national team during the late 1970s.
Jan 28 Bryher the pen name of the novelist, poet, memoirist, and magazine editor Annie Winifred Ellerman. She was born in September 1894 in Margate. Her father was the shipowner and financier John Ellerman, who at the time of his death in 1933, was the richest Englishman who had ever lived. He lived with her mother Hannah Glover, but did not marry her until 1908
Jan 28 Billy Fury an internationally successful English singer from the late 1950s to the mid 1960s, and remained an active songwriter until the 1980s. Rheumatic fever, which he first contracted as a child, damaged his heart and ultimately contributed to his death. An early British rock and roll star, he equalled the Beatles' record of 24 hits in the 1960s, and spent 332 weeks on the UK chart, without a chart-topping single or album. Allmusic journalist, Bruce Eder, stated, "His mix of rough-hewn good looks and unassuming masculinity, coupled with an underlying vulnerability, all presented with a good voice and some serious musical talent, helped turn Fury into a major rock and roll star in short order". Others have suggested that Fury's rapid rise to prominence was due to his "Elvis Presley-influenced, hip-swivelling, and at times highly suggestive stage act."
Jan 28 Frank Forde an Australian politician and the 15th Prime Minister of Australia. He was the shortest serving Prime Minister in Australia's history, being in office for only eight days
Jan 30 Ngawang Wangyal a Buddhist priest and scholar of Kalmyk origin who was born in the Astrakhan province in southeast Russia sometime in 1901.
Jan 30 Mack Reynolds an American science fiction writer. His pen names included Dallas Ross, Mark Mallory, Clark Collins, Dallas Rose, Guy McCord, Maxine Reynolds, Bob Belmont, and Todd Harding. His work is noteworthy for its focus on socioeconomic speculation, usually expressed in thought-provoking explorations of Utopian societies from a radical, sometime satiric, perspective. He was a considerably popular author from the 1950s to the 1970s, especially with readers of science fiction and fantasy magazines
Jan 30 Fritz Machlup an Austrian-American economist. He was notable for being one of the first economists to examine knowledge as an economic resource