1983 events in history

Jan 1 The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet
Jan 17 The tallest department store in the world, Hudson's flagship store in downtown Detroit, closes due to high cost of operating
Jan 18 The International Olympic Committee restores Jim Thorpe's Olympic medals to his family
Jan 19 Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia
Jan 19 The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, is announced
Jan 27 The pilot shaft of the Seikan Tunnel, the world's longest sub-aqueous tunnel (53.85 km) between the Japanese islands of Honshū and Hokkaidō, breaks through
Feb 8 The Melbourne dust storm hits Australia's second largest city. The result of the worst drought on record and a day of severe weather conditions, a 320 metres (1,050 ft) deep dust cloud envelops the city, turning day to night
Feb 12 100 women protest in Lahore, Pakistan against military dictator Zia-ul-Haq's proposed Law of Evidence. The women were tear-gassed, baton-charged and thrown into lock-up. The women were successful in repealing the law
Feb 13 A cinema fire in Turin, Italy, kills 64 people
Feb 14 United American Bank of Knoxville, Tennessee collapses. Its president, Jake Butcher, is later convicted of fraud
Feb 16 The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia kill 75
Feb 18 Thirteen people die and one is seriously injured in the Wah Mee massacre in Seattle, Washington. It is said to be the largest robbery-motivated mass-murder in U.S. history
Feb 22 The notorious Broadway flop Moose Murders opens and closes on the same night at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre
Feb 23 The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri
Feb 24 A special commission of the U.S. Congress releases a report that condemns the practice of Japanese internment during World War II
Feb 28 The final episode of M*A*S*H airs, with almost almost 106 million viewers. It still holds the record for the highest viewership of a season finale
Mar 2 Compact Discs and players are released for the first time in the United States and other markets. They had previously been available only in Japan
Mar 4 Bertha Wilson is appointed the first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada
Mar 6 The first United States Football League game is played
Mar 8 While addressing a convention of Evangelicals, U.S. President Ronald Reagan labels the Soviet Union an "evil empire"
Mar 11 Pakistan successfully conducts a cold test of a nuclear weapon
Mar 16 Demolition of the radio tower Ismaning, the last wooden radio tower in Germany
Mar 23 Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles
Apr 4 Space Shuttle Challenger makes its maiden voyage into space
Apr 7 During STS-6, astronauts Story Musgrave and Don Peterson perform the first space shuttle spacewalk
Apr 18 A suicide bomber destroys the United States embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing 63 people
Apr 22 The German magazine Stern claims that the "Hitler Diaries" had been found in wreckage in East Germany; the diaries are subsequently revealed to be forgeries
Apr 25 American schoolgirl Samantha Smith is invited to visit the Soviet Union by its leader Yuri Andropov after he read her letter in which she expressed fears about nuclear war
Apr 25 Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto's orbit
May 1 Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis is awarded the Lenin Peace Prize
May 6 The Hitler Diaries are revealed as a hoax after examination by experts
May 16 Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement rebels against the Sudanese government
May 17 Lebanon, Israel, and the United States sign an agreement on Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon
May 17 The U.S. Department of Energy declassifies documents showing world's largest mercury pollution event in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (ultimately found to be 4.2 million pounds), in response to the Appalachian Observer's Freedom of Information Act request
May 18 In Ireland, the government launches a crackdown, with the leading Dublin pirate Radio Nova being put off the air
May 20 Church Street bombing: A car bomb planted by Umkhonto we Sizwe explodes on Church Street in South Africa's capital, Pretoria, killing 19 people and injuring 217 others
May 20 First publications of the discovery of the HIV virus that causes AIDS in the journal Science by Luc Montagnier
May 26 A strong 7.7 magnitude earthquake strikes Japan, triggering a tsunami that kills at least 104 people and injures thousands. Many people go missing and thousands of buildings are destroyed
Jun 2 After an emergency landing because of an in-flight fire, twenty-three passengers aboard Air Canada Flight 797 are killed when a flashover occurs as the plane's doors open. Because of this incident, numerous new safety regulations are put in place
Jun 13 Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave the central Solar System when it passes beyond the orbit of Neptune (the farthest planet from the Sun at the time)
Jun 18 Space Shuttle program: STS-7, Astronaut Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space
Jun 18 Mona Mahmudnizhad together with nine other Bahá'í women, is sentenced to death and hanged in Shiraz, Iran because of her Bahá'í Faith
Jul 1 A North Korean Ilyushin Il-62M jet en route to Conakry Airport in Guinea crashes into the Fouta Djallon mountains in Guinea-Bissau, killing all 23 people on board
Jul 7 Cold War: Samantha Smith, a U.S. schoolgirl, flies to the Soviet Union at the invitation of Secretary General Yuri Andropov
Jul 15 Orly Airport attack is launched by Armenian militant organisation ASALA at the Paris-Orly Airport in Paris; it leaves 8 people dead and 55 injured
Jul 16 Sikorsky S-61 disaster: A helicopter crashes off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities
Jul 19 The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT is published
Jul 21 The world's lowest temperature in an inhabited location is recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica at −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F)
Jul 22 Martial law in Poland is officially revoked
Jul 23 13 Sri Lanka Army soldiers are killed after a deadly ambush by the militant Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam