1989 events in history

Jan 1 The Montreal Protocol comes into force, stopping the use of chemicals contributing to ozone depletion
Jan 4 Second Gulf of Sidra incident: a pair of Libyan MiG-23 "Floggers" are shot down by a pair of US Navy F-14 Tomcats during an air-to-air confrontation
Jan 7 Prince Akihito is sworn in as the emperor of Japan after the death of his father Hirohito
Jan 8 Beginning of Japanese Heisei period
Jan 8 Kegworth air disaster: British Midland Flight 92, a Boeing 737-400, crashes into the M1 motorway, killing 47 of the 126 people on board
Jan 29 Hungary establishes diplomatic relations with South Korea, making it the first Eastern Bloc nation to do so
Jan 30 Closure of the American embassy in Kabul, Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
Feb 1 The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Feb 2 Soviet war in Afghanistan: The last Soviet armoured column leaves Kabul
Feb 3 A military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay since 1954
Feb 3 After a stroke two weeks previously, South African President P. W. Botha resigns as leader of the National Party, but stays on as president for six more months
Feb 6 The Round Table Talks start in Poland, thus marking the beginning of overthrow of communism in Eastern Europe
Feb 10 Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party
Feb 14 Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal disaster
Feb 14 Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini issues a fatwa encouraging Muslims to kill Salman Rushdie, author of The Satanic Verses
Feb 15 Soviet war in Afghanistan: The Soviet Union officially announces that all of its troops have left Afghanistan
Feb 20 An IRA bomb destroys a section of a British Army barracks in Ternhill, England
Feb 24 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offers a US$3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie
Feb 24 United Airlines Flight 811, bound for New Zealand from Honolulu, rips open during flight, blowing 9 passengers out of the business-class section
Feb 27 Venezuela is rocked by the Caracazo riots
Mar 1 The United States becomes a member of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
Mar 2 Twelve European Community nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century
Mar 7 Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel, The Satanic Verses
Mar 9 Financially troubled Eastern Air Lines filed for bankruptcy
Mar 16 In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found near the Pyramid of Cheops
Mar 19 The Egyptian Flag is raised on Taba, Egypt announcing the end of the Israeli occupation after the Yom Kippur War in 1973 and the peace negotiations in 1979
Mar 21 Sports Illustrated reports allegations tying baseball player Pete Rose to baseball gambling
Mar 22 Clint Malarchuk of the Buffalo Sabres suffers a near-fatal injury when another player's skate accidentally slits his throat
Mar 23 Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce their discovery of cold fusion at the University of Utah
Mar 24 Exxon Valdez oil spill: In Prince William Sound in Alaska, the Exxon Valdez spills 240,000 barrels (38,000 m3) of petroleum after running aground
Apr 1 Margaret Thatcher's new local government tax, the Community Charge (commonly known as the "poll tax"), is introduced in Scotland
Apr 2 Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev arrives in Havana, Cuba to meet with Fidel Castro in an attempt to mend strained relations
Apr 7 Soviet submarine Komsomolets sinks in the Barents Sea off the coast of Norway killing 42 sailors
Apr 9 The April 9 tragedy in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, an anti-Soviet peaceful demonstration and hunger strikes, demanding restoration of Georgian independence is dispersed by the Soviet army, resulting in 20 deaths and hundreds of injuries
Apr 11 Ron Hextall becomes the first goaltender in NHL history to score a goal in the playoffs
Apr 15 Upon Hu Yaobang's death, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 begin in China
Apr 15 Hillsborough disaster: A human crush occurs at Hillsborough Stadium, home of Sheffield Wednesday, in the FA Cup Semi-final, resulting in the deaths of 96 Liverpool fans
Apr 19 A gun turret explodes on the USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors
Apr 21 Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989: In Beijing, around 100,000 students gather in Tiananmen Square to commemorate Chinese reform leader Hu Yaobang
Apr 26 The deadliest tornado in world history strikes Central Bangladesh, killing upwards of 1,300, injuring 12,000, and leaving as many as 80,000 homeless
Apr 26 People's Daily publishes the People's Daily editorial of April 26 which inflames the nascent Tiananmen Square protests
Apr 27 The April 27 Demonstration,a student-led protest responding to the April 26 Editorial, during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
May 1 Disney-MGM Studios opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States
May 2 Hungary begins dismantling its border fence with Austria, which allows a number of East Germans to defect
May 4 Iran-Contra Affair: Former White House aide Oliver North is convicted of three crimes and acquitted of nine other charges. The convictions, however, are later overturned on appeal
May 6 Cedar Point opens Magnum XL-200, the first roller coaster to break the 200 ft height barrier, therefore spawning what is known as the "coaster wars"
May 12 The San Bernardino train disaster kills four people. A week later an underground gasoline pipeline explodes killing two more people
May 13 Large groups of students occupy Tiananmen Square and begin a hunger strike
May 20 The Chinese authorities declare martial law in the face of pro-democracy demonstrations, setting the scene for the Tiananmen Square massacre
May 29 Signing of an agreement between Egypt and the United States, allowing the manufacture of parts of the F-16 jet fighter plane in Egypt