1991 events in history

Jan 5 Georgian forces enter Tskhinvali, the capital of South Ossetia, Georgia, opening the 1991–1992 South Ossetia War
Jan 7 Roger Lafontant, former leader of the Tonton Macoute in Haiti under François Duvalier, attempts a coup d'état, which ends in his arrest
Jan 9 Representatives from the United States and Iraq meet at the Geneva Peace Conference to try to find a peaceful resolution to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait
Jan 12 Gulf War: An act of the U.S. Congress authorizes the use of military force to drive Iraq out of Kuwait
Jan 13 Soviet Union troops attack Lithuanian independence supporters in Vilnius, killing 14 people and wounding 1000
Jan 15 Elizabeth II, in her capacity as Queen of Australia, signs letters patent allowing Australia to become the first Commonwealth realm to institute its own Victoria Cross in its honours system
Jan 15 The United Nations deadline for the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from occupied Kuwait expires, preparing the way for the start of Operation Desert Storm
Jan 16 The Coalition Forces go to war with Iraq, beginning the Gulf War (U.S. Time)
Jan 17 Harald V becomes King of Norway on the death of his father, Olav V
Jan 17 Gulf War: Operation Desert Storm begins early in the morning. Iraq fires 8 Scud missiles into Israel in an unsuccessful bid to provoke Israeli retaliation
Jan 19 Gulf War: Iraq fires a second Scud missile into Israel, causing 15 injuries
Jan 20 Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country's Muslim north and Christian south
Jan 22 Gulf War: Three SCUDs and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks
Jan 26 Mohamed Siad Barre is removed from power in Somalia, ending centralized government, and is succeeded by Ali Mahdi
Jan 29 Gulf War: The Battle of Khafji, the first major ground engagement of the war, as well as its deadliest, begins
Feb 1 A runway collision between USAir Flight 1493 and SkyWest Flight 5569 at Los Angeles International Airport results in the deaths of 34 people, and injuries to 30 others
Feb 7 Haiti's first democratically-elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is sworn in
Feb 9 Voters in Lithuania vote for independence
Feb 13 Gulf War: Two laser-guided "smart bombs" destroy the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad. Allied forces said the bunker was being used as a military communications outpost, but over 400 Iraqi civilians inside were killed
Feb 15 The Visegrád Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland
Feb 16 Nicaraguan Contras leader Enrique Bermúdez is assassinated in Managua
Feb 18 The IRA explodes bombs in the early morning at Paddington station and Victoria station in London
Feb 20 A gigantic statue of Albania's long-time leader, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters
Feb 23 In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d'état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan
Feb 23 Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Iraq, thus beginning the ground phase of the war
Feb 25 The Warsaw Pact is declared disbanded
Feb 25 Gulf War: An Iraqi scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia killing 28 U.S. Army Reservists from Pennsylvania
Feb 26 Gulf War: United States Army forces capture the town of Al Busayyah
Feb 27 Gulf War: U.S. President George H. W. Bush announces that "Kuwait is liberated"
Feb 28 The first Gulf War ends
Mar 2 Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings an end to the 1991 Gulf War
Mar 3 United Airlines Flight 585 crashes on approach into Colorado Springs, Colorado, killing 25
Mar 3 In concurrent referenda, 74% of the population of Latvia votes for independence from the Soviet Union, and 83% in Estonia
Mar 3 An amateur video captures the beating of Rodney King by Los Angeles police officers
Mar 4 Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, the Prime Minister of Kuwait, returns to his country for the first time since Iraq's invasion
Mar 9 Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade
Mar 13 The United States Department of Justice announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska
Mar 15 The Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany comes into effect, granting full sovereignty to the Federal Republic of Germany
Mar 23 The Revolutionary United Front, with support from the special forces of Charles Taylor's National Patriotic Front of Liberia, invades Sierra Leone in an attempt to overthrow Joseph Saidu Momoh, sparking a gruesome 11-year Sierra Leone Civil War
Mar 26 Five South Korean boys, nicknamed the Frog Boys, disappear while hunting for frogs and are murdered in a case that remains unsolved
Mar 26 Local self-government is restored after three decades of centralized control in South Korea
Mar 26 Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay sign the Treaty of Asunción, establishing Mercosur, the South Common Market
Mar 31 Georgian independence referendum, 1991: Nearly 99 percent of the voters support the country's independence from the Soviet Union
Apr 2 Rita Johnston becomes the first female Premier of a Canadian province when she succeeds William Vander Zalm (who had resigned) as Premier of British Columbia
Apr 4 Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania and six others are killed when a helicopter collides with their airplane over an elementary school in Merion, Pennsylvania
Apr 4 The current flag of Hong Kong is adopted for post-colonial Hong Kong during the Third Session of the Seventh National People's Congress
Apr 5 An ASA EMB 120 crashes in Brunswick, Georgia, killing all 23 aboard including Sen. John Tower and Astronaut Sonny Carter
Apr 9 Georgia declares independence from the Soviet Union
Apr 10 A rare tropical storm develops in the South Atlantic Ocean near Angola; the first to be documented by satellites
Apr 10 Italian ferry MS Moby Prince collides with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy killing 140