Died in 1995

Jan 1 Fred West an English serial killer. Between 1967 and 1987, West – alone and later with his second wife, serial killer Rosemary West – tortured and raped numerous young women and girls, murdering at least 11, including their own family members. The crimes often occurred in the couple's homes in the city of Gloucester, at 25 Midland Road and later 25 Cromwell Street, with many bodies buried at or near these homes
Jan 1 Eugene Wigner Paul "E. P." Wigner , was a Hungarian American theoretical physicist and mathematician. He received a share of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963 "for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"; the other half of the award was shared between Maria Goeppert-Mayer and Hans Jensen. Wigner is notable for having laid the foundation for the theory of symmetries in quantum mechanics as well as for his research into the structure of the atomic nucleus. It was Eugene Wigner who first identified Xe-135 "poisoning" in nuclear reactors, and for this reason it is sometimes referred to as Wigner poisoning. Wigner is also important for his work in pure mathematics, having authored a number of theorems. In particular, Wigner's theorem is a cornerstone in the mathematical formulation of quantum mechanics
Jan 2 Henry Graham Sharp a British figure skater. In 1939, he won both the European Figure Skating Championships and the World Figure Skating Championships. Before that, he had won three consecutive silver medals at Worlds and Europeans. He competed at the 1936 Winter Olympics, where he placed fifth, and at the 1948 Winter Olympics, where he placed seventh. Writing in 1938, D. Richardson said "Graham Sharp is by far the best male School Skater of the day. He has an ease and accuracy that is a joy to those with real knowledge and appreciation of the fine points of the School Figures."
Jan 2 Nancy Kelly an American actress. A child actress and model, she was a repertory cast member of CBS Radio's The March of Time and became a movie leading lady in the late 1930s. She made 36 movies between 1926 and 1977, including portraying Tyrone Power's love interest in the classic Jesse James , which also featured Henry Fonda, and playing opposite Spencer Tracy in Stanley and Livingstone later that same year. She had her greatest success in a character role, the suicidal mother in the The Bad Seed, receiving a Tony Award for the 1955 stage production and an Academy Award nomination for the 1956 film adaptation
Jan 2 Siad Barre the military dictator and President of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1969 to 1991. During his rule, he styled himself as Jaalle Siyaad
Jan 4 Sol Tax an American anthropologist. He is best known for creating action anthropology and his studies of the Meskwaki, or Fox, Indians, for "action-anthropological" research titled the Fox Project, and for founding the academic journal Current Anthropology. He received his doctorate from the University of Chicago in 1935 and, together with Fred Eggan, was a student of Alfred Radcliffe-Brown
Jan 4 Heshmat Sanjari a well-known Persian conductor and composer, the son of Hossein Sanjari who was well-known player on tar in Persia.
Jan 4 Eduardo Mata a Mexican conductor and composer.
Jan 5 Ben Rich the second Director of Lockheed's Skunk Works from 1975 to 1991, succeeding its founder, Kelly Johnson. Regarded as the "father of stealth," Rich was responsible for leading the development of the F-117, the first production stealth aircraft. He also worked on the F-104, U-2, A-12, SR-71, and F-22, among others. He is the author of Skunk Works: A Personal Memoir of My Years of Lockheed
Jan 6 Joe Slovo a South African politician, an opponent of the apartheid system. He was a long-time leader of the South African Communist Party , a leading member of the African National Congress , and a commander of the ANC's military wing Umkhonto we Sizwe
Jan 7 Murray Rothbard an American heterodox economist of the Austrian School, a revisionist historian, and a political theorist whose writings and personal influence played a seminal role in the development of modern libertarianism. Rothbard was the founder and leading theoretician of anarcho-capitalism, a staunch advocate of historical revisionism, and a central figure in the twentieth-century American libertarian movement. He wrote over twenty books on anarchist theory, revisionist history, economics, and other subjects. Rothbard asserted that all services provided by the "monopoly system of the corporate state" could be provided more efficiently by the private sector and wrote that the state is "the organization of robbery systematized and writ large." He called fractional reserve banking a form of fraud and opposed central banking. He categorically opposed all military, political, and economic interventionism in the affairs of other nations. According to the libertarian Hans-Hermann Hoppe, "There would be no anarcho-capitalist movement to speak of without Rothbard."
Jan 7 Grigori Shchedrin a Soviet Navy submarine commander and admiral. He was a Hero of the Soviet Union
Jan 7 Harry Golombek a British chess International Master and honorary grandmaster, chess arbiter, and chess author. He was three times British chess champion, in 1947, 1949, and 1955 and finished second in 1948. He became a grandmaster in 1985
Jan 8 Loulou Gasté a French composer of several successful mélodies.
Jan 8 Carlos Monzón an Argentine professional boxer who held the Undisputed World Middleweight Championship for 7 years. He successfully defended his title 14 times and is widely regarded as one of the greatest boxers of all time. Inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990, he was chosen by The Ring magazine in 2002 as the 11th greatest fighter of the last 80 years
Jan 9 Souphanouvong Prince Souphanouvong was, along with his half-brother Prince Souvanna Phouma and Prince Boun Oum of Champasak, one of the “Three Princes” who represented respectively the communist , neutralist, and royalist political factions in Laos. He was the figurehead President of Laos from December 1975 to August 1991
Jan 9 Gisela Mauermayer a German athlete who competed mainly in the discus. She won the gold medal at the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, Germany
Jan 9 Peter Cook an English actor, satirist, writer and comedian.
Jan 9 Stig Sjölin a boxer from Sweden.
Jan 10 Boris Maksovich Gurevich a Soviet wrestler who competed in the 1952 Summer Olympics.
Jan 10 Kathleen Tynan a Canadian-British journalist, author and screenwriter. The daughter of Canadian war correspondent Matthew Halton and the sister of television journalist David Halton, she gave up her journalism career in 1967 to marry theatre critic Kenneth Tynan. She had previously been married to Oliver Gates, a marriage that ended in divorce. Kenneth Tynan was also married when the couple's courtship began. She also had a subsequent relationship with Franco-Swiss director Barbet Schroeder
Jan 11 Theodor Wisch a German Waffen-SS general and a member of the Nazi Party of Nazi Germany. He was a commander of 1. SS-Panzer-Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler during World War He held the rank of SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS and was awarded the Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. After having been badly wounded in combat by naval artillery in the Falaise Pocket on 20 August 1944, Wisch was replaced as commander of the LSSAH Division by SS-Brigadeführer Wilhelm Mohnke
Jan 11 Josef Gingold a Belarusian-Jewish-born classical violinist and teacher, who lived most of his life in the United States. At the time of his death he was considered one of the most influential violin masters in the United States with many successful students
Jan 11 Lewis Nixon (United States Army officer) a commissioned officer with Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, in the 101st Airborne Division during World War Nixon was portrayed in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers by Ron Livingston.
Jan 13 Max Harris (poet) an Australian poet, critic, columnist, commentator, publisher and bookseller.
Jan 14 Alexander Gibson (conductor) a Scottish conductor and opera intendant.
Jan 15 Vera Maxwell a sportswear and fashion designer until her retirement in 1985. She was the first American designer to make clothes with Ultrasuede material. She won the Coty American Fashion Critics' Award in 1953, the Neiman Marcus Award in 1955 and was honored in 1970 with a retrospective exhibition at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington
Jan 16 Eric Mottram a teacher, critic, editor and poet who was one of the central figures in the British Poetry Revival.
Jan 17 Miguel Torga considered one of the greatest Portuguese writers of the 20th century. He wrote poetry, short stories, theater and a 16 volume diary
Jan 18 Ron Luciano an American Major League Baseball umpire from 1969 to 1979 in the American League. He was known for his flamboyant style, clever aphorisms, and a series of published collections of anecdotes from his colorful career
Jan 18 Adolf Butenandt a German biochemist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1939 for his "work on sex hormones." He initially rejected the award in accordance with government policy, but accepted it in 1949 after World War II
Jan 19 Gene MacLellan a Canadian singer-songwriter from Prince Edward Island.
Jan 20 Mehdi Bazargan a prominent Iranian scholar, academic, long-time pro-democracy activist and head of Iran's interim government, making him Iran's first prime minister after the Iranian Revolution of 1979. He was the head of the first engineering department of University of Tehran. A well-respected religious intellectual, known for his honesty and expertise in the Islamic and secular sciences, he is credited with being one of the founders of the contemporary intellectual movement in Iran
Jan 21 Alex Groza an American professional basketball player from Martins Ferry, Ohio who was banned from the NBA for life in 1951 for point shaving. He had an outstanding college career at the University of Kentucky and was a two-time All-Star for the Indianapolis Olympians before his career came to an abrupt end
Jan 22 Jerry Blackwell an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name "Crusher" Jerry Blackwell. Blackwell competed in the 1979 World's Strongest Man contest, but withdrew early in the competition due to an injury. He was a main event star in the American Wrestling Association where he feuded with Mad Dog Vachon, Hulk Hogan, and "The Crusher" Reginald Lisowski
Jan 22 Rose Kennedy an American philanthropist and socialite. She was deeply embedded in the "lace curtain" Irish Catholic community in Boston, where her father was mayor. She was the wife of businessman and investor Joseph Kennedy, Sr., who was United States Ambassador to the Court of St James's. Their nine children included President John Kennedy, Senator Robert Kennedy, and longtime Senator Ted Kennedy
Jan 23 Edward Shils a Distinguished Service Professor in the Committee on Social Thought and in Sociology at the University of Chicago and an influential sociologist. He was known for his research on the role of intellectuals and their relations to power and public policy. His work was honored in 1983 when he was awarded the Balzan Prize. In 1979, he was selected by the National Council on the Humanities to give the Jefferson Lecture, the highest award given by the U.S. federal government for distinguished intellectual achievement in the humanities
Jan 24 David Cole (record producer) an American songwriter and record producer. Cole was one half of the dance-music duo C+C Music Factory, which he founded with musical partner Robert Clivillés
Jan 24 Anton Idzkovsky a former Soviet player, goalkeeper, football administrator for the Football Federation of the Ukrainian SSR. He is honored as the Distinguished Master of Sports and the Distinguished Coach of Ukraine
Jan 25 William Sylvester an American television and film actor. His most famous film credit was Heywood Floyd in Stanley Kubrick's 2001 A Space Odyssey. Sylvester declined to reprise his role in the film 2010: The Year We Make Contact , in which he was replaced by Roy Scheider. Scheider is generally regarded as having been mis-cast for the part, with the vast difference in mannerisms and appearance between Sylvester and Scheider such that the roles have periodically been mistaken for different characters
Jan 26 Bernardo Leighton a Chilean Christian Democrat who was targeted by Operation Condor.
Jan 26 Vic Buckingham an English footballer whose approach as a manager was a precursor of the Total Football philosophy.
Jan 26 Pat Welsh (actress) an American film actress, known as the raspy voice of E.T. in the 1982 film E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial
Jan 27 Jean Tardieu a French artist, musician, poet and dramatic author.
Jan 27 Raphael M. Robinson an American mathematician.
Jan 28 Aldo Gordini a racing driver from France. Born in Bologna, Italy, he was the son of Amédée Gordini, owner of the French sports car manufacturer Gordini. Aldo worked for the family's racing team as a mechanic and occasionally drove in Grand Prix motor racing events and Formula Two races
Jan 28 George Woodcock a Canadian writer of political biography and history, an anarchist thinker, an essayist and literary critic. He was also a poet and published several volumes of travel writing. In 1959 he was the founding editor of the journal Canadian Literature which was the first academic journal specifically dedicated to Canadian writing. He is most commonly known outside of Canada for his book Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements
Jan 30 Gerald Durrell an English naturalist, zookeeper, conservationist, author and television presenter. He founded what is now called the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust and the Jersey Zoo on the Channel Island of Jersey in 1958, but is perhaps best remembered for writing a number of books based on his life as an animal collector and enthusiast. He was the youngest brother of the novelist Lawrence Durrell
Jan 31 George Stibitz internationally recognized as one of the fathers of the modern first digital computer. He was a Bell Labs researcher known for his work in the 1930s and 1940s on the realization of Boolean logic digital circuits using electromechanical relays as the switching element
Jan 31 George Abbott an American theater producer and director, playwright, screenwriter, and film director and producer whose career spanned more than nine decades.