2009 events in history

Jan 1 Sixty-six people die in a nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand
Jan 1 Slovakia joins the Eurozone
Jan 3 The first block of the blockchain of the decentralized payment system Bitcoin, called the Genesis block, was established by the creator of the system, Satoshi Nakamoto
Jan 6 Israel conducts an assault on Gaza. Operation Cast Lead
Jan 8 A 6.1-magnitude earthquake in northern Costa Rica kills 15 people and injures 32
Jan 15 US Airways Flight 1549 makes an emergency landing in the Hudson River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in New York, New York. All passengers and crew members survive
Jan 18 Gaza War: Hamas announces they will accept Israeli Defense Forces's offer of a ceasefire, ending the assault
Jan 20 A protest movement in Iceland culminates as the 2009 Icelandic financial crisis protests start
Jan 24 The storm Klaus makes landfall near Bordeaux, France. It subsequently would cause 26 deaths as well as extensive disruptions to public transport and power supplies
Jan 26 Rioting breaks out in Antananarivo, Madagascar, sparking a political crisis that will result in the replacement of President Marc Ravalomanana with Andry Rajoelina
Jan 29 Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich is removed from office following his conviction of several corruption charges, including the alleged solicitation of personal benefit in exchange for an appointment to the United States Senate as a replacement for then-U.S. president-elect Barack Obama
Jan 29 The Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt rules that people who do not adhere to one of the three government-recognised religions, while not allowed to list any belief outside of those three, are still eligible to receive government identity documents
Jan 31 In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people
Feb 7 Bushfires in Victoria leaves 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia's history
Feb 10 The communication satellites Iridium 33 and Kosmos-2251 collide in orbit, destroying both
Feb 12 Colgan Air Flight 3407 crashes into a house in Clarence Center, New York while on approach to Buffalo Niagara International Airport, killing all on board and one on the ground
Feb 20 Two Tamil Tigers aircraft packed with C4 explosives en route to the national airforce headquarters are shot down by the Sri Lankan military before reaching their target, in a kamikaze style attack
Feb 25 Members of the Bangladesh Rifles mutiny at their headquarters in Pilkhana, Dhaka, Bangladesh, resulting in 74 deaths, including more than 50 army officials
Mar 3 The Historical Archive of the City of Cologne collapses
Mar 4 The International Criminal Court (ICC) issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur. Al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state to be indicted by the ICC since its establishment in 2002
Mar 7 The Real Irish Republican Army kills two British soldiers and two civilians, the first British military deaths in Northern Ireland since the end of The Troubles
Mar 7 The Kepler space observatory, designed to discover Earth-like planets orbiting other stars, is launched
Mar 11 Winnenden school shooting: 16 are killed and 11 are injured before recent-graduate Tim Kretschmer shoots and kills himself, leading to tightened weapons restrictions in Germany
Mar 12 Financier Bernard Madoff pleads guilty in New York to scamming $18 billion, the largest in Wall Street history
Mar 23 FedEx Express Flight 80: A McDonnell Douglas MD-11 flying from Guangzhou, China crashes at Tokyo's Narita International Airport, killing both the captain and the co-pilot
Mar 27 The dam forming Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, fails, killing at least 99 people
Mar 27 A suicide bomber kills at least 48 at a mosque in the Khyber Agency of Pakistan
Mar 30 Twelve gunmen attack the Manawan Police Academy in Lahore, Pakistan
Apr 1 Croatia and Albania join NATO
Apr 3 Jiverly Antares Wong opens fire at an American Civic Association immigration center in Binghamton, NY, killing thirteen and wounding four before committing suicide
Apr 5 North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks
Apr 6 A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L'Aquila, Italy, killing 307
Apr 7 Mass protests begin across Moldova under the belief that results from the parliamentary election are fraudulent
Apr 7 Former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori is sentenced to 25 years in prison for ordering killings and kidnappings by security forces
Apr 9 In Tbilisi, Georgia, up to 60,000 people protest against the government of Mikheil Saakashvili
Apr 10 President of Fiji Ratu Josefa Iloilo announces he will suspend the constitution and assume all governance in the country, creating a constitutional crisis
Apr 12 Zimbabwe officially abandons the Zimbabwe Dollar as its official currency
Apr 30 Azerbaijan State Oil Academy shooting: Twelve people were killed (students and staff members) by an armed attacker
Apr 30 Seven people are killed and 17 injured at a Queen's Day parade in Apeldoorn, Netherlands in an attempted assassination on Queen Beatrix
Apr 30 Chrysler files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy
May 1 Same-sex marriage is legalized in Sweden
May 7 Over 100 New Zealand Police officers begin a 40-hour siege of a lone gunman in Napier, New Zealand
May 18 Sri Lankan Civil War: The LTTE are defeated by the Sri Lankan government, ending almost 26 years of fighting between the two sides
May 23 Former South Korean president Roh Moo-hyun commits suicide, jumping from a 45 meter cliff in Bongha, Gimhae, South Korea
May 25 North Korea allegedly tests its second nuclear device. Following the nuclear test, Pyongyang also conducted several missile tests building tensions in the international community
Jun 1 General Motors files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. It is the fourth largest United States bankruptcy in history
Jun 1 Air France Flight 447 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Brazil on a flight from Rio de Janeiro to Paris. All 228 passengers and crew are killed
Jun 5 After 65 straight days of civil disobedience, at least 31 people are killed in clashes between security forces and indigenous people near Bagua, Peru
Jun 8 Two American journalists are found guilty of illegally entering North Korea and sentenced to 12 years of penal labour
Jun 12 A disputed presidential election in Iran leads to wide ranging protests in Iran and around the world