680 in history

680 events chronologically

Oct 10 Battle of Karbala: Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, is decapitated by forces under Caliph Yazid I. This is commemorated by Muslims as Aashurah
Nov 7 The Sixth Ecumenical Council commences in Constantinople

Died in 680

Jan 1 Javanshir the prince of Caucasian Albania from 637 to 680, hailing from the region of Gardman. His life and deeds were the subject of legends that were recorded in Armenian medieval texts. He was either of Parthian or Persian origin, as the Mihranid family claimed descent from the Sasanian Persians
Jan 30 Balthild the wife and queen of Clovis II, the king of Burgundy and Neustria. Her hagiography was intended to further her successful candidature for sainthood
May 1 Muawiyah I the second caliph from the Umayyad clan, the first being Uthman ibn Affan. Muawiyah was politically adept in dealing with the Eastern Roman Empire and was therefore made into a secretary by Muhammad. During the first and second caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar , he fought with the Muslims against the Byzantines in Syria
Oct 10 Husayn ibn Ali the son of Ali ibn Abi Ṭalib and Fatimah Zahra and the younger brother of Hasan ibn Ali. Husayn is an important figure in Islam, as he is a member of the Ahl al-Bayt and Ahl al-Kisa, as well as being the third Shia Imam