865 in history

865 events chronologically

Feb 2 The Battle of the Morcuera took place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista. The battle took place at Hoz de la Morcuera near Miranda de Ebro. The battle pitted the Christian forces of Castile and Asturias under Rodrigo of Castile against the forces of the Emirate of Córdoba under Muhammad I of Córdoba resulting in a decisive Cordoban victory

Born in 865

Nov 11 Petronas (general) a notable Byzantine general and leading aristocrat during the mid-9th century. Petronas was a brother of Empress Theodora and hence brother-in-law of Emperor Theophilos, under whom he advanced to the rank of patrikios and the post of droungarios of the Vigla regiment. After Theophilos' death, he played a role in the ending of Iconoclasm, but was sidelined along with his brother Bardas during the minority of his nephew, Michael III, when power was held by the regent Theoktistos. In 855, Petronas and Bardas encouraged Michael III to seize control of the government: Theoktistos was murdered, Theodora banished to a monastery, Bardas became Michael's chief minister, and Petronas was tasked with the war against the Arabs. In 863, he scored a crushing victory at the Battle of Lalakaon, a feat which marked the gradual beginning of a Byzantine counter-offensive in the East. Promoted to magistros and domestikos ton scholon, he died in 865

Died in 865

Feb 3 Ansgar an Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen. The see of Hamburg was designated a mission to bring Christianity to Northern Europe, and Ansgar became known as the "Apostle of the North"