Died on April 10

376 Bademus a rich, noble citizen of Bethlapeta in Persia, who founded a monastery nearby. He and some of his disciples were arrested and Bademus was martyred in the year 376; he was subsequently recognized as a saint
879 Louis the Stammerer the King of Aquitaine and later King of West Francia. He was the eldest son of Charles the Bald and Ermentrude of Orléans. During the peace negotiations between his father and Erispoe of Brittany, Louis was betrothed to an unnamed daughter of Erispoe in 856. It is not known if this was the same daughter who later married Gurivant. The contract was broken in 857 upon Erispoe's murder
1028 Fulbert of Chartres the Bishop of Chartres from 1006 till 1028, and a teacher at the Cathedral school there. He was responsible for the advancement of the Nativity of the Virgin's feast day in September 8, and was responsible for one of the many reconstructions of the Cathedral of Chartres. Most of the information we have about him is found in the letters he wrote from 1004–1028, to both secular and religious figures of the day
1031 Liudolf of Lotharingia Count of Zutphen and Waldenburg.
1183 Peter I of Courtenay the youngest son of Louis VI of France and his second queen consort, Adélaide de Maurienne. He was the father of the Latin Emperor Peter II of Courtenay
1216 Eric X of Sweden the King of Sweden between 1208 and 1216. Also known as Eric the Survivor when he became king, he was the only remaining son of King Canute I of Sweden and his queen of an undetermined name, who probably was Cecilia Johansdotter. He was born around 1180 in Eriksberg royal manor
1232 Rudolph II Count of Habsburg Count of Habsburg in the Aargau and a progenitor of the royal House of Habsburg.
1380 Manuel Kantakouzenos . Despotēs in the Despotate of Morea or the Peloponnese from 25 October 1349 to his death and a contender to the Principality of Achaia
1500 Michael Tarchaniota Marullus a Greek Renaissance scholar, poet of Neolatin, humanist and soldier.
1508 Guidobaldo da Montefeltro an Italian condottiero and the Duke of Urbino from 1482 to 1508.
1522 Francesco Cattani da Diacceto a Florentine Neoplatonist philosopher of the Italian Renaissance.
1533 Frederick I of Denmark the King of Denmark and Norway. The name is also spelled Friedrich in German, Frederik in Danish, and Fredrik in Swedish and Norwegian. He was the last Roman Catholic monarch to reign over Denmark, when subsequent monarchs embraced Lutheranism after the Reformation
1545 Costanzo Festa an Italian composer of the Renaissance. While he is best known for his madrigals, he also wrote sacred vocal music. He was the first native Italian polyphonist of international renown, and with Philippe Verdelot, one of the first to write madrigals, in the infancy of that most popular of all sixteenth-century Italian musical forms
1548 Gonzalo Pizarro a Spanish conquistador and younger paternal half-brother of Francisco Pizarro, the conqueror of the Inca Empire. Bastard son of Captain Gonzalo Pizarro y Rodríguez de Aguilar who as colonel of infantry served in the Italian campaigns under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, and in Navarre, with some distinction, and María Alonso, from Trujillo. He was the half brother of Francisco and Hernándo Pizarro and the full brother of Juan Pizarro
1585 Pope Gregory XIII Pope of the Catholic Church from 13 May 1572 to his death in 1585. He is best known for commissioning and being the namesake for the Gregorian calendar, which remains the internationally accepted civil calendar to this day
1599 Gabrielle d'Estrées a mistress of Henry IV of France, born at either the Château de la Bourdaisière in Montlouis-sur-Loire, in Touraine, or at the château de Cœuvres, in Picardy.
1601 Mark Alexander Boyd a Scottish poet and soldier of fortune. He was born in Ayrshire, Scotland. His father was from Pinkell, Carrick in Ayrshire. Boyd left Scotland for France as a young man. There he studied civil law. He took part in the religious wars of the League, fighting on the Catholic side
1619 Thomas Jones (bishop) Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor of Ireland. He was also Dean of Patrick's Cathedral and Bishop of Meath and the patrilineal ancestor of the Viscounts Ranelagh
1630 William Herbert 3rd Earl of Pembroke the son of Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke and his third wife Mary Sidney. Chancellor of the University of Oxford, he founded Pembroke College, Oxford with King James. He was warden of the Forest of Dean, and constable of St Briavels from 1608 to 1630. He served as Lord Chamberlain from 1615 to 1625. In 1623, the First Folio of William Shakespeare's plays was dedicated to him, together with his brother, Philip Herbert, 1st Earl of Montgomery
1640 Agostino Agazzari an Italian composer and music theorist.
1646 Santino Solari an Italian architect and sculptor, who worked mainly in Austria. He was born at Verna near Como
1667 Jan Marek Marci a Bohemian doctor and scientist, rector of the University of Prague, and official physician to the Holy Roman Emperors. The crater Marci on the far side of the Moon is named after him
1694 Catharina Regina von Greiffenberg an Austrian poet of the Baroque era.
1704 William Egon of Fürstenberg a German clergyman who was bishop of Strasbourg.
1706 Arthur Chichester 3rd Earl of Donegall an Irish nobleman and soldier. Having succeeded his father as third Earl of Donegall in 1678, he refused to attend the Irish Parliament called by James II in May 1689, but later sat in the Parliament called by William III in October 1692
1712 Yusuf Nabi a Turkish Divan poet in the court of Mehmet He was famous for "his brilliant lyrics filled with popular sayings and critiques of the age and verses commemorating innumerable important occasions.".
1728 Nicodemus Tessin the Younger a Swedish Baroque architect, city planner, and administrator.
1742 Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen of Hungary, Queen of Bohemia, Archduchess consort of Austria etc. as the spouse of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor.
1752 William Cheselden an English surgeon and teacher of anatomy and surgery, who was influential in establishing surgery as a scientific medical profession.
1756 Alivardi Khan the Nawab of Bengal during 1740–1756. He toppled the Nasiri Dynasty of the Nawabs and took powers of the Nawab. He is also one of the few Mughal-era leaders known for his victory during the Battle of Burdwan against the Maratha Empire
1756 Giacomo Antonio Perti an Italian composer of the Baroque era. He was mainly active at Bologna, where he was Maestro di Cappella for sixty years. He was the teacher of Giuseppe Torelli and Giovanni Battista Martini
1760 Jean Lebeuf a French historian.
1760 George Clifford III a wealthy Dutch banker and one of the directors of the Dutch East India Company. He is known for his keen interest in plants and gardens. His estate Hartekamp had a rich variety of plants and he engaged the Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné, who stayed at his estate from 1736 to 1738, to write Hortus Cliffortianus , a masterpiece of early botanical literature published in 1738, and for which Georg Dionysius Ehret did the illustrations. Many specimens from Clifford’s garden were also studied by Linnaeus for his Species Plantarum
1786 John Byron Vice Admiral The Hon. John Byron, RN was a Royal Navy officer. He was known as Foul-weather Jack because of his frequent encounters with bad weather at sea
1794 Antonio Rinaldi (architect) an Italian architect, trained by Luigi Vanvitelli, who worked mainly in Russia.
1806 Horatio Gates a retired British soldier who served as an American general during the Revolutionary War. He took credit for the American victory in the Battles of Saratoga — a matter of contemporary and historical controversy — and was blamed for the defeat at the Battle of Camden. Gates has been described as "one of the Revolution's most controversial military figures" because of his role in the Conway Cabal, which attempted to discredit and replace George Washington; the battle at Saratoga; and his actions during and after his defeat at Camden
1807 Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a German princess and composer. She became the duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, by marriage, and was also regent of the states of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach from 1758 to 1775. She transformed her court and its surrounding into the most influential cultural center of Germany
1808 Jean-Laurent Mosnier a French painter and miniaturist.
1808 Charles Henry of Nassau-Siegen a French-German adventurer and sailer, who became Admiral of the Russian Imperial Navy.
1813 Joseph-Louis Lagrange an Italian Enlightenment Era mathematician and astronomer. He made significant contributions to the fields of analysis, number theory, and both classical and celestial mechanics
1815 William Roxburgh a Scottish surgeon and botanist. He has been called the Father of Indian Botany
1821 Gregory V of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1797 to 1798, from 1806 to 1808 and from 1818 to 1821. He was responsible for much restoration work to the Patriarchal Cathedral of St George, which had been badly damaged by fire in 1738. At the onset of the Greek War of Independence, as Ethnarch of the Orthodox Millet Gregory V was blamed by Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II for his inability to suppress the Greek uprising, even though he had actually condemned the Greek revolutionary activities. He was taken out of the Patriarchal Cathedral on Easter Sunday, 1821, directly after celebrating the solemn Easter Liturgy, and hanged for three days from the main gate of the Patriarchate compound by order of the Sultan; his body was then taken down and delivered to a squad of Jews who dragged it through the streets and finally threw it into the Bosphorus. The body was later recovered by Greek sailors and was eventually enshrined in the Metropolitan Cathedral of Athens. He is commemorated by the Orthodox Church as an Ethnomartyr
1823 Karl Leonhard Reinhold an Austrian philosopher. He was the father of Ernst Reinhold, also a philosopher
1835 Magdalene of Canossa an Italian Religious Sister and foundress. She was a leading advocate for the poor in her region, and has been canonized by the Catholic Church
1837 Henry Thomas Colebrooke an English orientalist.
1848 Godert van der Capellen a Dutch statesman from Utrecht.
1858 Thomas Hart Benton (politician) a U.S. Senator from Missouri and a staunch advocate of westward expansion of the United States. He served in the Senate from 1821 to 1851, becoming the first member of that body to serve five terms. Benton was an architect and champion of westward expansion by the United States, a cause that became known as Manifest Destiny
1861 Édouard Ménétries a French entomologist, zoologist, and herpetologist.
1862 W. H. L. Wallace William Hervey Lamme Wallace , more commonly known as W.H.L. Wallace, was a lawyer and a Union general in the American Civil War, considered by Ulysses Grant to be one of the Union's greatest generals
1863 Giovanni Battista Amici an Italian astronomer, microscopist, and botanist.