Died on April 14

911 Pope Sergius III Pope from 29 January 904 to his death in 911. He was pope during a period of feudal violence and disorder in central Italy, when warring aristocratic factions sought to use the material and military resources of the Papacy. Because Sergius III had reputedly ordered the murder of his two immediate predecessors, Leo V and Christopher, and was the only pope to have allegedly fathered an illegitimate son who later became pope , his pontificate has been variously described as "dismal and disgraceful", and "efficient and ruthless"
1070 Gérard Duke of Lorraine the count of Metz and Chatenois from 1047 to 1048, when his brother Duke Adalbert resigned them to him upon his becoming the Duke of Upper Lorraine. On Adalbert's death the next year, Gérard became duke, a position that he held until his death. In contemporary documents, he is called Gérard of Alsace , Gérard of Chatenoy , or Gérard of Flanders
1132 Mstislav I of Kiev the Grand Prince of Kiev , the eldest son of Vladimir II Monomakh by Gytha of Wessex. He figures prominently in the Norse Sagas under the name Harald, taken to allude to his grandfather, Harold II of England. Mstislav's Christian name was Theodore
1146 Gertrude of Sulzbach German Queen. She was the second wife of Conrad III of Germany
1205 Louis I Count of Blois count of Blois from 1191 to 1205. He was the son of Theobald V and Alix of France. His maternal grandparents were Louis VII of France and his first wife Eleanor of Aquitaine
1279 Bolesław the Pious a Duke of Greater Poland during 1239–1247 , Duke of Kalisz during 1247–1249, Duke of Gniezno during 1249–1250, Duke of Gniezno-Kalisz during 1253–1257, Duke of whole Greater Poland and Poznań during 1257–1273, in 1261 ruler over Ląd, regent of the Duchies of Masovia, Płock and Czersk during 1262–1264, ruler over Bydgoszcz during 1268–1273, Duke of Inowrocław during 1271–1273, and Duke of Gniezno-Kalisz since 1273 until his death.
1322 Bartholomew de Badlesmere 1st Baron Badlesmere the son and heir of Gunselm de Badlesmere. He fought in the English army both in France and Scotland during the later years of the reign of Edward I of England and the earlier part of the reign of Edward II of England
1345 Richard de Bury an English priest, teacher, bishop, writer, and bibliophile. He was a patron of learning and one of the first English collectors of books. He is chiefly remembered for his Philobiblon, written to inculcate in the clergy the pursuit of learning and the love of books. The "Philobiblon" is considered the earliest books to discuss librarianship in-depth
1433 Lidwina honored as a saint by the Catholic Church.
1471 John Neville 1st Marquess of Montagu KG was, until his final years, a Yorkist leader in the Wars of the Roses, brother of Warwick the Kingmaker and perhaps best known for eliminating Lancastrian resistance in the north of England in the first three years of the reign of Edward IV of England.
1471 Richard Neville 16th Earl of Warwick an English nobleman, administrator, and military commander. The son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, Warwick was the wealthiest and most powerful English peer of his age, with political connections that went beyond the country's borders. One of the Yorkist leaders in the Wars of the Roses, he was instrumental in the deposition of two kings, a fact which later earned him his epithet of "Kingmaker" to later generations
1488 Girolamo Riario Lord of Imola and Forlì. He served as Captain General of the Church under his uncle Pope Sixtus Having taken part in the 1478 Pazzi Conspiracy against the Medici, 10 years later he was assassinated by members of the Forlesian Orsi family
1532 Augustine Grimaldi Regent of Monaco , Bishop of Grasse, Abbot of Lérins, and founder of the village of Valbonne.
1552 Laurentius Andreae acknowledged as one of his country's preeminent intellectual figures during the first half of the 16th century. In his time he was most renowned as one of the main proponents of the Swedish Protestant reformation of 1523-31
1574 Louis of Nassau the third son of William, Count of Nassau and Juliana of Stolberg, and the younger brother of Prince William of Orange Nassau.
1578 James Hepburn 4th Earl of Bothwell hereditary Lord High Admiral of Scotland. He is best known for his association with and subsequent marriage to Mary, Queen of Scots, as her third husband
1599 Henry Wallop an English statesman.
1609 Gasparo da Salò the name given to Gasparo di Bertolotti, one of the earliest violin makers and an expert double bass player. Around 80 of his instruments are still in existence: violins , alto and tenor violas, viols, violones and double basses, violas with only a pair of corners, ceteras
1662 William Fiennes 1st Viscount Saye and Sele an English nobleman and politician, known also for his involvement in several companies for setting up overseas colonies.
1672 Friedrich Wilhelm III Duke of Saxe-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
1682 Avvakum a Russian protopope of Kazan Cathedral on Red Square who led the opposition to Patriarch Nikon's reforms of the Russian Orthodox Church. His autobiography and letters to the tsar, to Boyarynya Morozova and other Old Believers are considered masterpieces of 17th-century Russian literature
1685 Thomas Otway an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for Venice Preserv'd, or A Plot Discover'd.
1711 Louis Grand Dauphin the eldest son and heir of Louis XIV, King of France, and his spouse, Maria Theresa of Spain. As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was styled Dauphin. He became known as Le Grand Dauphin after the birth of his own son, Le Petit Dauphin. As he died before his father, he never became king
1721 Michel Chamillart a French statesman, a minister of King Louis XIV of France.
1733 Ippolito Desideri an Italian Jesuit missionary in Tibet and the first European to have successfully studied and understood Tibetan language and culture.
1746 Ernest Ferdinand Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg a titular Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg. He was Prince of Brunswick-Bevern and founder of the younger Brunswick-Bevern line
1759 George Frideric Handel a German Baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming famous for his operas, oratorios, anthems and organ concertos. Born in a family indifferent to music, Handel received critical training in Halle, Hamburg and Italy before settling in London , and became a naturalized British subject in 1727. He was strongly influenced both by the great composers of the Italian Baroque and the middle-German polyphonic choral tradition
1785 William Whitehead (poet) an English poet and playwright. He became Poet Laureate in 1757 after Thomas Gray declined the position
1792 Maximilian Hell a Hungarian astronomer and an ordained Jesuit priest from the Kingdom of Hungary.
1798 David Ruhnken a Dutch classical scholar of German origin.
1798 Henry Mowat an officer of the Royal Navy commanding ships in northern New England during the American Revolutionary War. He was the son of Captain Patrick Mowat of the post ship HMS Dolphin. He was born in Scotland and went to sea at the age of 18
1807 Jeremias Benjamin Richter a German chemist. He was born at Hirschberg in Silesia, became a mining official at Breslau in 1794, and in 1800 was appointed assessor to the department of mines and chemist to the royal porcelain factory at Berlin, where he died. He is known for introducing the term stoichiometry
1820 Levi Lincoln Sr. an American revolutionary, lawyer, and statesman from Massachusetts. A Democratic-Republican, he most notably served as Thomas Jefferson's first Attorney General, and played a significant role in the events that led to the celebrated Marbury Madison court case. He served two terms as Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, acting as Governor for the remainder of Governor James Sullivan's term after his death in December 1808. Lincoln was unsuccessful in his bid to be elected governor in his own right in 1809
1829 Timothy Matlack a brewer and beer bottler who emerged as a popular revolutionary leader and powerful official in the War of Independence. Secretary of Pennsylvania during the war, and a delegate to the Second Continental Congress in 1780, he became one of Pennsylvania's most provocative and influential political figures. Removed from office by his political enemies at the end of the war, he returned to power in the Jeffersonian era
1835 Robert Moorsom an officer of the Royal Navy who served during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars. His very active service career was especially highlighted by his actions in 1805 at the battle of Trafalgar, where his ship HMS Revenge was severely damaged and Moorsom was himself seriously wounded
1839 Heinrich Christian Funck a German pharmacist and bryologist born in Wunsiedel, Bavaria. He was a co-founder of the Regensburg Botanical Society
1842 Alejandro María Aguado 1st Marquis of the Guadalquivir Marshes born of Old Christian parentage, originally from La Rioja, at Seville. He began life as a soldier, fighting with distinction in the Spanish War of Independence first against French, then on the side of Joseph Bonaparte. After the Battle of Baylen he entered the French army, in which he rose to be colonel and aide-de-camp to Marshal Soult. He was exiled in 1815, and immediately started business as a commission-agent in Paris, where, chiefly through his family connexions in Havana and Mexico, he acquired in a few years enough wealth to enable him to undertake banking. The Spanish government gave him full powers to negotiate the loans of 1823, 1828, 1830 and 1831; and Ferdinand VII. rewarded him with the title of marquis, the decorations of several orders and valuable mining concessions in Spain. Aguado also negotiated the Greek loan of 1834. In 1828, having become possessed of large estates in France, including the Château Margaux, famous for its wine, he was naturalized as a French citizen. He died at in Spain on April 14, 1842, leaving a fortune 'computed at 60,000,000 francs, and a splendid collection of pictures which at his death was sold by auction
1842 Jean-Nicolas Bouilly a French playwright, librettist, children's writer, and politician of the French Revolution. He is best known for writing a libretto, supposedly based on a true story, about a woman who disguises herself as a man to rescue her husband from prison, which formed the basis of Beethoven's opera Fidelio as well as a number of other operas
1843 Joseph Lanner an Austrian dance music composer. He is best remembered as one of the earliest Viennese composers to reform the waltz from a simple peasant dance to something that even the highest society could enjoy, either as an accompaniment to the dance, or for the music's own sake. He was just as famous as his friend and musical rival Johann Strauss I, who was better known outside of Austria in their day because of his concert tours abroad, in particular, to France and England
1845 Friedrich Adolf Krummacher a German Reformed theologian and a writer of devotional poetry and prose.
1846 Princess Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg a German noblewoman. She acted as the first lady of Prussia from 1810–40
1848 Khachatur Abovian an Armenian writer and national public figure of the early 19th century who mysteriously vanished in 1848 and eventually presumed dead. He was an educator, poet and an advocate of modernization. Reputed as the father of modern Armenian literature, he is best remembered for his novel Wounds of Armenia. Written in 1841 and published posthumously in 1858, it was the first novel published in the modern Armenian language using the Eastern Armenian dialect instead of Classical Armenian
1849 Ján Hollý a Slovak poet and translator. He was the first greater Slovak poet to write exclusively in the newly standardized literary Slovak language. His predecessors mostly wrote in various regional versions of Czech, Slovakized Czech or Latin. Hollý translated Virgil's Aeneid and wrote his own epic poetry in alexandrine verse to show that the Slovak language recently standardized by Anton Bernolák was capable of expressing complex poetic forms
1853 Robert Baldwin Sullivan a Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician who became the 2nd Mayor of Toronto. He was also a member of the Orange Order in Canada
1859 Ignaz Bösendorfer an Austrian musician and piano manufacturer, who in 1828 founded the Bösendorfer company in Vienna-Josefstadt.
1859 George M. Bibb an American politician.
1859 Sydney Lady Morgan an Irish novelist, best known as the author of The Wild Irish Girl.
1860 Eduard Friedrich Eversmann a biologist and explorer.
1861 Utagawa Kuniyoshi one of the last great masters of the Japanese ukiyo-e style of woodblock prints and painting. He was a member of the Utagawa school
1864 Charles Lot Church a political figure in Nova Scotia. He represented Lunenburg County in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1820 to 1830