April 14 events in history

69 Vitellius, commander of the Rhine armies, defeats Emperor Otho in the Battle of Bedriacum and seizes the throne
70 Siege of Jerusalem: Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, surrounds the Jewish capital, with four Roman legions
193 Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans)
966 After his marriage to the Christian Dobrawa of Bohemia, the pagan ruler of the Polans, Mieszko I, converts to Christianity, an event considered to be the founding of the Polish state
972 Emperor Otto II married Princess Theophano, niece of Byzantine Emperor John Tzimisces, leading to a significant impact on German intellectual life, including interest in Greek literature and Byzantine art
1028 Henry III, son of Conrad, is elected king of the Germans
1205 Battle of Adrianople between Bulgarians and Crusaders
1294 Temür, grandson of Kublai, is elected Khagan of the Mongols and Emperor of the Yuan Dynasty with the reigning titles Oljeitu and Chengzong
1341 Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo
1434 The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid
1471 In England, the Yorkists under Edward IV defeat the Lancastrians under the Earl of Warwick at the Battle of Barnet; the Earl is killed and Edward IV resumes the throne
1639 Imperial forces are defeated by the Swedes at the Battle of Chemnitz. The Swedish victory prolongs the Thirty Years' War and allows them to advance into Bohemia
1699 Khalsa: The Sikh religion was formalised as the Khalsa - the brotherhood of Warrior-Saints - by Guru Gobind Singh in Northern India, in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar
1715 The Yamasee War begins in South Carolina
1775 The first abolition society in North America is established. The Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush
1816 Bussa, a slave in British-ruled Barbados, leads a slave rebellion and is killed. For this, he is remembered as the first national hero of Barbados
1828 Noah Webster copyrights the first edition of his dictionary
1846 The Donner Party of pioneers departs Springfield, Illinois, for California, on what will become a year-long journey of hardship, cannibalism, and survival
1849 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Lajos Kossuth as its leader
1860 The first Pony Express rider reaches San Francisco. The pony riders carried additionally, along with the mail, a small personal bible
1865 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is shot in Ford's Theatre by John Wilkes Booth (died April 15th)
1865 U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell
1881 The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight is fought in El Paso, Texas
1890 The Pan-American Union is founded by the First International Conference of American States in Washington, D.C
1894 The first ever commercial motion picture house opened in New York City using ten Kinetoscopes, a device for peep-show viewing of films
1906 The Azusa Street Revival opens and will launch Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement
1909 A massacre is organized by Ottoman Empire against Armenian population of Cilicia
1912 The British passenger liner RMS Titanic hits an iceberg in the North Atlantic at 23:40 (sinks morning of April 15th)
1927 The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden
1928 The Bremen, a German Junkers W33 type aircraft, reaches Greenly Island, Canada - the first successful transatlantic aeroplane flight from east to west
1931 The Spanish Cortes deposes King Alfonso XIII and proclaims the Second Spanish Republic
1931 First edition of the Highway Code published in Great Britain
1935 "Black Sunday Storm", the worst dust storm of the U.S. Dust Bowl
1939 The Grapes of Wrath, by American author John Steinbeck is first published by the Viking Press
1940 World War II: Royal Marines land in Namsos, Norway in preparation for a larger force to arrive two days later
1941 World War II: German general Erwin Rommel attacks Tobruk
1942 Malta receives the George Cross for its gallantry. The George Cross was given by King George VI himself and is now an emblem on the Maltese national flag
1944 Bombay Explosion: A massive explosion in Bombay harbor kills 300 and causes economic damage valued then at 20 million pounds
1945 Osijek, Croatia, is liberated from fascist occupation
1956 In Chicago, videotape is first demonstrated
1958 The Soviet satellite Sputnik 2 falls from orbit after a mission duration of 162 days
1967 Gnassingbé Eyadéma overthrows President of Togo Nicolas Grunitzky and installs himself as the new president, a title he would hold for the next 38 years
1969 At the U.S. Academy Awards there is a tie for the Academy Award for Best Actress between Katharine Hepburn and Barbra Streisand
1978 1978 Tbilisi Demonstrations: Thousands of Georgians demonstrate against Soviet attempts to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language
1981 STS-1 – The first operational space shuttle, Columbia (OV-102) completes its first test flight
1986 In retaliation for the April 5 bombing in West Berlin that killed two U.S. servicemen, U.S. president Ronald Reagan orders major bombing raids against Libya, killing 60 people
1986 The heaviest hailstones ever recorded (1 kilogram (2.2 lb)) fall on the Gopalganj district of Bangladesh, killing 92
1988 The USS Samuel B. Roberts strikes a mine in the Persian Gulf during Operation Earnest Will
1988 In a United Nations ceremony in Geneva, Switzerland, the Soviet Union signs an agreement pledging to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan
1991 The Republic of Georgia introduces the post of President after its declaration of independence from the Soviet Union