Born on April 16

886 Joscelin (bishop of Paris) or Gauzlin , Bishop of Paris and defender of the city against the Northmen , was, according to some authorities, the son of Rorgon I, count of Maine, according to others the natural son of the emperor Louis I.
963 William I of Weimar the first known member of the house of the counts of Weimar.
1039 William III of Weimar count of Weimar from 1003 and of the Eichsfeld from 1022.
1127 Felix of Valois a hermit and a co-founder of the Trinitarian Order.
1319 John II of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1350 until his death.
1355 Filippo Calendario an architect, a designer of the 14th century Doge's Palace, Venice. He was executed for treason
1488 Jungjong of Joseon now Korea. He succeeded his half-brother, Yeonsangun, because of the latter's tyrannical misrule, which culminated in a coup placing Jungjong on the throne
1495 Petrus Apianus a German humanist, known for his works in mathematics, astronomy and cartography.
1497 Mōri Motonari a prominent daimyō in the west Chūgoku region of Japan during the Sengoku period of the 16th century.
1516 Tabinshwehti king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1530 to 1550, and the founder of Toungoo Empire. His military campaigns created the largest kingdom in Burma since the fall of Pagan Empire in 1287. His administratively fragile kingdom proved to be the impetus for the eventual reunification of the entire country by his successor and brother-in-law Bayinnaung
1569 John Davies (poet) an English poet, lawyer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1597 and 1621. He became Attorney General for Ireland and formulated many of the legal principles that underpinned the British Empire
1612 Abraham Calovius a Lutheran theologian, and was one of the champions of Lutheran orthodoxy in the 17th century.
1625 Fyodor Rtishchev a boyar and an intimate friend of Alexis I of Russia who was renowned for his piety and alms-deeds.
1635 Frans van Mieris the Elder a Dutch Golden Age genre and portrait painter. The leading member of a Leiden family of painters, his sons Jan and Willem and his grandson Frans van Mieris the Younger were also accomplished genre painters
1646 Jules Hardouin Mansart generally considered to be the apex of French Baroque architecture, representing the power and grandeur of Louis XIV. Hardouin-Mansart was one of the most important European architects of the seventeenth century
1648 Antoine de Pas de Feuquières a French soldier. He was the son of diplomat Isaac de Feuquières
1649 Jan Luyken a Dutch poet, illustrator and engraver.
1660 Hans Sloane a British physician and collector of Irish birth, notable for bequeathing his collection to the nation, thus providing the foundation of the British Museum. He gave his name to streets such as Hans Crescent and Sloane Square in London, and also to Sir Hans Sloane Square in his birthplace, Killyleagh
1661 Charles Montagu 1st Earl of Halifax an English poet and statesman.
1682 John Hadley an English mathematician, inventor of the octant, a precursor to the sextant, around 1730.
1693 Anne Sophie Reventlow Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1721 to 1730 as the second wife of Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway.
1697 Johann Gottlieb Görner a German composer and organist. His brother was the composer Johann Valentin Görner and his son the organist Karl Friedrich Görner. He was a student at the Thomasschule zu Leipzig and University of Leipzig, then organist of the city's Paulinerkirche from 1716 then its Nikolaikirche from 1721. In 1723 he founded a Collegium Musicum, which competed with Johann Sebastian Bach's. He died in Leipzig
1728 Joseph Black a Scottish physician and chemist, known for his discoveries of latent heat, specific heat, and carbon dioxide. He was Professor of Anatomy and Chemistry at the University of Glasgow for 10 years from 1756, and then Professor of Medicine and Chemistry at the University of Edinburgh from 1766, teaching and lecturing there for more than 30 years
1730 Henry Clinton (American War of Independence) a British army officer and politician, best known for his service as a general during the American War of Independence. First arriving in Boston in May 1775, from 1778 to 1782 he was the British Commander-in-Chief in North America. In addition to his military service, due to the influence of the 2nd Duke of Newcastle, he was a Member of Parliament for many years. Late in life he was named Governor of Gibraltar, but died before assuming the post
1755 Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun recognized as the most important female painter of the 18th century.
1758 Christian Karl August Ludwig von Massenbach born at Schmalkalden, and educated at Heilbronn and Stuttgart, devoting himself chiefly to mathematics.
1765 Nikolay Tuchkov a Russian general of the Russo-Swedish War , the suppression of the Kościuszko Uprising and the opposition to the French invasion of Russia. He rose to the rank of lieutenant general and commander of an infantry corps
1773 Maria Stella the self-styled legitimate daughter of Louis Philip II, Duke of Orléans.
1777 Henry Kater an English physicist of German descent.
1779 Giovanni Inghirami an Italian astronomer, and a Piarist religious. There is a valley on the moon named after him as well as a crater
1783 Joaquina Vedruna de Mas a Catalonian nun, founder of the Carmelite Sisters of the Charity. She was born into a noble family. In 1799, she married the lawyer and landowner Teodoro de Mas , with whom she had nine children. Her husband died in 1816 and she moved with her children to their estate in Vic. Here, she began her charitable activities with the sick and young women. Her spiritual director, the Capuchin Esteban de Olot, suggested she establish an apostolic congregation devoted to education and charity. The bishop of Vic, Pablo Jesús Corcuera, told her the institute should be of Carmelite inspiration. The same bishop wrote the rule on 6 February 1826, and 20 days later she and another 8 women professed their vows. Within the next few years, Joaquina's Carmelites founded several houses in Catalonia. During the First Carlist War , she had to flee from Spain because she had founded a hospital in the Carlist town of Berga that was threatened by the fighting. As a result, she went to Roussillon, France, where she stayed from 1836 to 1842
1784 Émilie Bigottini a French dancer of Italian ancestry.
1786 Albrecht Adam a German painter of battles and horses.
1786 John Franklin a British Royal Navy officer and explorer of the Arctic. Franklin also served as Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land from 1837 to 1843. He disappeared on his last expedition, attempting to chart and navigate a section of the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic. The icebound ships were abandoned and the entire crew perished from starvation, hypothermia, tuberculosis, lead poisoning and scurvy
1800 George Bingham 3rd Earl of Lucan a British Army officer. He was hated by the Irish because of his intolerant behaviour as a land owner during the Great Famine in the late 1840s. He was responsible for giving the fateful order during the Battle of Balaclava in October 1854 which led to the Light division commander, the Earl of Cardigan, leading the fateful Charge of the Light Brigade. He also made an important contribution in Parliament when he came up with a solution which allowed Jews to sit there. He was subsequently promoted to field marshal despite the debacle at Balaclava
1808 Eugène Emmanuel Amaury Duval a French painter. He was one of two sons of Amaury Duval and thus a nephew of the playwright Alexandre Pineux Duval
1808 Caleb Blood Smith an American journalist and politician, serving in the Cabinet of Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War.
1811 Émilien de Nieuwerkerke a French sculptor of Dutch descent and a high-level civil servant in the Second French Empire. He is also notable as the lover of Princess Mathilde Bonaparte, after her estrangement from her husband Anatole Demidov
1816 Edward Johnson (general) a United States Army officer and Confederate general in the American Civil War. Highly rated by Robert Lee, he was made a divisional commander under Richard Ewell. On the first evening of the Battle of Gettysburg , Ewell missed his opportunity to attack Cemetery Hill, and Johnson opted against attacking Culp’s Hill, for which he had a discretionary order, though he attempted this on the second and third days. Ewell and Johnson are blamed by many for the loss of this decisive battle
1818 Charles J. Folger an American lawyer and politician. He was U.S. Secretary of the Treasury from 1881 until his death
1820 Victor Puiseux a French mathematician and astronomer. Puiseux series are named after him, as is in part the Bertrand–Diquet–Puiseux theorem
1820 Georg Curtius a German philologist.
1821 Ford Madox Brown an English painter of moral and historical subjects, notable for his distinctively graphic and often Hogarthian version of the Pre-Raphaelite style. Arguably, his most notable painting was Work. Brown spent the latter years of his life painting the Manchester Murals, depicting Mancunian history, for Manchester Town Hall
1822 Robert Luther a German astronomer who searched for asteroids while working in Düsseldorf. He discovered 24 of them
1823 Gotthold Eisenstein a German mathematician. He specialized in number theory and analysis, and proved several results that eluded even Gauss. Like Galois and Abel before him, Eisenstein died before the age of 30. He was born and died in Berlin, Prussia
1825 Jacob Brønnum Scavenius Estrup a Danish politician, member of the Højre party. He was Interior Minister from 1865 to 1869 in the Cabinet of Frijs and Council President as well as Finance Minister from 1875 to 1894 as the leader of the Cabinet of Estrup
1827 Octave Crémazie a French Canadian poet and bookseller born in Quebec City. Recognized both during and after his lifetime for his patriotic verse and his significant role in the cultural development of Quebec, Crémazie has been called "the father of French Canadian poetry."
1831 Hugo Theodor Christoph a German and Russian entomologist.
1832 Alfred Isidore Romer a Belarusian, Polish and Lithuanian painter, sculptor, carver and medalist, participant of the January Uprising against the Russian Empire.
1834 Charles Lennox Richardson an English merchant based in Shanghai who was killed in Japan during the Namamugi Incident. His name is properly spelled as “Charles Lenox Richardson” according to the census and family documents