Died on April 16

69 Otho Roman Emperor for three months, from 15 January to 16 April 69. He was the second emperor of the Year of the Four Emperors
665 Fructuosus of Braga the Bishop of Dumio and Archbishop of Braga, a great founder of monasteries, who died on 16 April 665. He was the son of a Visigothic dux in the region of Bierzo and he accompanied his father at a young age on certain official trips over his estates. Fructuosus was a disciple of Bishop Conantius of Palencia
1090 Sikelgaita a Lombard princess, the daughter of Guaimar IV, Prince of Salerno, and second wife of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia. Commanded troops in her own right
1113 Sviatopolk II of Kiev supreme ruler of the Kievan Rus for 20 years, from 1093 to 1113. He was not a popular prince, and his reign was marked by incessant rivalry with his cousin Vladimir Monomakh. Upon his death the Kievan citizens raised a rebellion against the Jewish merchants and Varangian officials who speculated in grain and salt
1118 Adelaide del Vasto the third wife of Roger I of Sicily and mother of Roger II of Sicily, as well as Queen consort of Jerusalem due to her later marriage to Baldwin I of Jerusalem, as his third wife.
1118 William Count of Évreux a powerful member of the Norman aristocracy during the period following the Norman conquest of England. He is one of the few documented to have been with William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings
1198 Frederick I Duke of Austria (Babenberg) the Duke of Austria from 1195 to 1198. He was a member of the House of Babenberg
1234 Richard Marshal 3rd Earl of Pembroke the son of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and brother of William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, whom he succeeded to the Earldom of Pembroke and Lord Marshal of England upon his brother's death on 6 April 1231.
1375 John Hastings 2nd Earl of Pembroke an English nobleman and soldier who also held the title Baron Abergavenny. He was born in Sutton Valence, the posthumous son of Laurence Hastings, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and Agnes Mortimer
1496 Charles II Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1490 to 1496 but his mother Blanche of Montferrat was the actual ruler as a Regent. In 1485 his father Charles I had received the hereditary rights to the Kingdoms of Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia which were inherited by young Charles
1566 Giulia Gonzaga an Italian noblewoman of the Renaissance.
1619 Denis Calvaert a Flemish painter born at Antwerp, who lived in Italy for most of his life, where he was known as Dionisio Fiammingo or simply Il Fiammingo. Calvaert was a profound student of architecture, anatomy, and history, his works are characterized by their advanced composition and colouring
1640 Countess Charlotte Flandrina of Nassau the fourth daughter of William the Silent and his third spouse Charlotte of Bourbon.
1645 Tobias Hume a Scottish composer, viol player and soldier.
1687 George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham an English statesman and poet from the Villiers family.
1689 Aphra Behn a prolific dramatist of the English Restoration, one of the first English professional female literary writers. Along with Delarivier Manley and Eliza Haywood, she is sometimes referred to as part of "The fair triumvirate of wit."
1694 Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé a French noblewoman from the Brézé family and a niece of Cardinal Richelieu. She married Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, known as Le Grand Condé , and became the mother of Henri Jules. She was Princess of Condé and Duchess of Fronsac
1713 Archil of Imereti of Bagrationi dynasty, king of Imereti in western Georgia and of Kakheti in eastern Georgia. After a series of unsuccessful attempts to establish himself on the throne of Imereti, Archil retired to Russia where he spearheaded the cultural life of a local Georgian community. Also a lyric poet
1722 Johann Jacob Bach a German musician, composer and an older brother of Johann Sebastian Bach.
1742 Stefano Benedetto Pallavicino an Italian poet and opera librettist. He was the son of the composer Carlo Pallavicino
1756 Jacques Cassini a French astronomer, son of the famous Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini.
1757 Daniel Gran a painter born in Vienna in 1694 who died at Sankt Pölten in 1757. His pictures ornament several public buildings in his native city. He was of some consideration in his time, but his works are not known out of Austria and Germany today
1782 Giuseppe Vasi an Italian engraver and architect, best known for his vedute.
1783 Benedict Joseph Labre a French mendicant, Franciscan tertiary and Catholic saint.
1783 Christian Mayer (astronomer) a Czech astronomer and teacher.
1788 Georges-Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedic author.
1824 Fedor Fedorovich Levisa a Russian lieutenant general of the Napoleonic Wars. His family had originally had the surname Lewis before migrating from Scotland to the Baltic in 1630 - by the time of Fedor's birth, it had become a noble family and settled in Livonia
1828 Francisco Goya a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. Goya was court painter to the Spanish Crown; throughout the Peninsular War he remained in Madrid, where he painted the portrait of Joseph Bonaparte, pretender to the Spanish throne, and documented the war in the masterpiece of studied ambiguity known as the Desastres de la Guerra. Through his works he was both a commentator on and chronicler of his era. The subversive imaginative element in his art, as well as his bold handling of paint, provided a model for the work of artists of later generations, notably Édouard Manet, Pablo Picasso and Francis Bacon
1830 Louis I Grand Duke of Hesse Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and later the first Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine.
1830 József Katona a Hungarian playwright and poet, creator of the Hungarian drama: author of the legendary historical tragedy: Bánk bán.
1832 Justus Christian Loder a German anatomist and surgeon who was a native of Riga.
1832 Henri Cassini a French botanist and naturalist, who specialised in the sunflower family.
1846 Domenico Dragonetti an Italian double bass virtuoso and composer with a 3 string double bass. He stayed for thirty years in his hometown of Venice, Italy and worked at the Opera Buffa, at the Chapel of San Marco and at the Grand Opera in Vicenza. By that time he had become notable throughout Europe and had turned down several opportunities, including offers from the Tsar of Russia. In 1794, he finally moved to London to play in the orchestra of the King's Theatre, and settled there for the remainder of his life. In fifty years, he became a prominent figure in the musical events of the English capital, performing at the concerts of the Philharmonic Society of London as well as in more private events, where he would meet the most influential persons in the country, like the Prince Consort and the Duke of Leinster. He was acquainted with composers Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven, whom he visited on several occasions in Vienna, and to whom he showed the possibilities of the double bass as a solo instrument. His ability on the instrument also demonstrated the relevance of writing scores for the double bass in the orchestra separate from that of the cello, which was the common rule at the time. He is also remembered today for the Dragonetti bow, which he evolved throughout his life
1850 Marie Tussaud a French born artist of German descent, who became known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum that she founded in London.
1852 Prince Paul of Württemberg the fourth child and second son of King Frederick I and his wife, Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
1858 Johann Baptist Cramer an English musician of German origin. He was the son of Wilhelm Cramer, a famous London violinist and musical conductor, one of a numerous family who were identified with the progress of music during the 18th and 19th centuries
1859 Michael Reinecke a Russian vice admiral and hydrographer.
1859 Alexis de Tocqueville a French political thinker and historian best known for his works Democracy in America and The Old Regime and the Revolution. In both of these, he analyzed the improved living standards and social conditions of individuals, as well as their relationship to the market and state in Western societies. Democracy in America was published after Tocqueville's travels in the United States, and is today considered an early work of sociology and political science
1860 Bartolomeo Borghesi an Italian antiquarian who was a key figure in establishing the science of numismatics.
1865 Princess Anna of Hesse and by Rhine the consort and second wife of Friedrich Franz II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
1869 Cesare Alfieri di Sostegno an Italian politician and diplomat. He was prime minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 27 July 1848 to 15 August 1848
1872 Baron Anton von Doblhoff-Dier an Austrian statesman.
1873 Arcisse de Caumont a French historian and archaeologist.
1876 Peter von Glehn a Russian botanist.
1878 Raphael Kühner a German classical scholar.
1879 Bernadette Soubirous venerated as a Christian mystic and Saint in the Catholic Church.
1879 Sergey Solovyov one of the greatest Russian historians whose influence on the next generation of Russian historians was paramount. His son Vladimir Solovyov was one of the most influential Russian philosophers. His older son Vsevolod Solovyov was a historical novelist
1883 Charles II Duke of Parma King of Etruria , Duke of Lucca , and Duke of Parma.
1885 Joshua Baker the 22nd Governor of Louisiana during Reconstruction.
1888 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski a Polish physicist and chemist.