April 16 events in history

73 Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Great Jewish Revolt
1346 Dušan the Mighty is proclaimed Emperor, with the Serbian Empire occupying much of the Balkans
1520 The Revolt of the Comuneros begins in Spain against the rule of Charles V
1521 Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther's first appearance before the Diet of Worms to be examined by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and the other estates of the empire
1582 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta, Argentina
1746 The Battle of Culloden is fought between the French-supported Jacobites and the British Hanoverian forces commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, in Scotland. After the battle many highland traditions were banned and the Highlands of Scotland were cleared of inhabitants
1780 The University of Münster in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded
1799 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor – Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre
1818 The United States Senate ratifies the Rush-Bagot Treaty, establishing the border with Canada
1847 The accidental shooting of a Māori by an English sailor results in the opening of the Wanganui Campaign of the New Zealand land wars
1853 The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane
1858 The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up
1862 American Civil War: Battle at Lee's Mills in Virginia
1862 American Civil War: The District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act, a bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia, becomes law
1863 American Civil War: Siege of Vicksburg – ships led by Union Admiral David Dixon Porter move through heavy Confederate artillery fire on approach to Vicksburg, Mississippi
1881 In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle
1908 Natural Bridges National Monument is established in Utah
1910 The oldest existing indoor ice hockey arena still used for the sport in the 21st century, Boston Arena, opens for the first time
1912 Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel
1917 Vladimir Lenin returns to Petrograd, Russia from exile in Switzerland
1919 Mohandas Gandhi organizes a day of "prayer and fasting" in response to the killing of Indian protesters in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre by the British colonial troops three days earlier
1919 Polish–Soviet War: The Polish army launches the Vilna offensive to capture Vilnius in modern Lithuania
1922 The Treaty of Rapallo, pursuant to which Germany and the Soviet Union re-establish diplomatic relations, is signed
1925 During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, Bulgaria, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded
1941 World War II: The Italian convoy Duisburg, directed to Tunisia, is attacked and destroyed by British ships
1941 World War II: The Ustaše, a Croatian far-right organization is put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers after the Axis Operation 25 invasion
1941 Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians throws the only Opening Day no-hitter in the history of Major League Baseball, beating the Chicago White Sox 1–0
1944 World War II: Allied forces start bombing Belgrade, killing about 1,100 people. This bombing fell on the Orthodox Christian Easter
1945 World War II: The Red Army begins the final assault on German forces around Berlin, with nearly one million troops fighting in the Battle of the Seelow Heights
1945 The United States Army liberates Nazi Sonderlager (high security) prisoner-of-war camp Oflag IV-C (better known as Colditz)
1945 More than 7,000 die when the German refugee ship Goya is sunk by a Soviet submarine
1947 Texas City Disaster: An explosion on board a freighter in port causes the city of Texas City, Texas, to catch fire, killing almost 600
1947 Bernard Baruch coins the term "Cold War" to describe the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union
1953 Queen Elizabeth II launches the Royal Yacht HMY Britannia
1962 Walter Cronkite takes over as the lead news anchor of the CBS Evening News, during which time he would become "the most trusted man in America"
1963 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. pens his Letter from Birmingham Jail while incarcerated in Birmingham, Alabama for protesting against segregation
1972 Apollo program: The launch of Apollo 16 from Cape Canaveral, Florida
1990 The "Doctor of Death", Jack Kevorkian, participates in his first assisted suicide
1992 The Katina P runs aground off of Maputo, Mozambique and 60,000 tons of crude oil spill into the ocean
2001 India and Bangladesh begin a five-day border conflict, but are unable to resolve the disputes about their border
2003 The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting ten new member states to the European Union
2007 Virginia Tech massacre: Seung-Hui Cho guns down 32 people and injures 17 before committing suicide
2012 The trial for Anders Behring Breivik, the perpetrator of the 2011 Norway attacks, begins in Oslo, Norway
2012 The Pulitzer Prize winners were announced, it was the first time since 1977 that no book won the Fiction Prize
2013 A 7.8-magnitude earthquake strikes Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran, killing at least 35 people and injuring 117 others
2014 The MV Sewol ferry carrying more than 450 people capsizes near Jindo Island off South Korea, leaving 295 passengers and crew dead and 9 more missing