April 18 events in history

1025 Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland
1506 The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica is laid
1518 Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland
1521 Trial of Martin Luther begins its second day during the assembly of the Diet of Worms. He refuses to recant his teachings despite the risk of excommunication
1689 Bostonians rise up in rebellion against Sir Edmund Andros
1738 Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") is founded in Madrid
1775 American Revolution: The British advancement by sea begins; Paul Revere and other riders warn the countryside of the troop movements
1797 The Battle of Neuwied – French victory against the Austrians
1807 The Harwich ferry disaster occurred near the North Sea port of Harwich on the Essex coast (England) in which 60-90 people drowned during the capsizing of a small ferry boat
1831 The University of Alabama is founded
1848 American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico
1857 "The Spirits Book" by Allan Kardec is published, marking the birth of Spiritualism in France
1864 Battle of Dybbøl: A Prussian-Austrian army defeats Denmark and gains control of Schleswig. Denmark surrenders the province in the following peace settlement
1880 An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100
1881 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico
1897 The Greco-Turkish War is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire
1899 The St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria
1902 Quetzaltenango, the second largest city of Guatemala, is destroyed by an earthquake
1906 An earthquake and fire destroy much of San Francisco, California
1909 Joan of Arc is beatified in Rome
1912 The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City
1915 French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I
1923 Yankee Stadium, "The House that Ruth Built", opens
1924 Simon & Schuster publishes the first crossword puzzle book
1930 BBC reported there was no news, then played out with piano music
1936 The first Champions Day is celebrated in Detroit, Michigan
1942 World War II: The Doolittle Raid on Japan. Tokyo, Yokohama, Kobe and Nagoya are bombed
1942 Pierre Laval becomes Prime Minister of Vichy France
1943 World War II: Operation Vengeance, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is killed when his aircraft is shot down by U.S. fighters over Bougainville Island
1945 Over 1,000 bombers attack the small island of Heligoland, Germany
1946 The International Court of Justice holds its inaugural meeting in The Hague, Netherlands
1949 The keel for the aircraft carrier USS United States is laid down at Newport News Drydock and Shipbuilding. However, construction is canceled five days later, resulting in the Revolt of the Admirals
1954 Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power in Egypt
1955 Twenty-nine nations meet at Bandung, Indonesia, for the first Asian-African Conference
1958 A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound be released from an insane asylum
1961 The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, a cornerstone of modern international relations, is adopted
1961 CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule
1974 The Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto inaugurates Lahore's dry port
1980 The Republic of Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) comes into being, with Canaan Banana as the country's first President. The Zimbabwe Dollar replaces the Rhodesian Dollar as the official currency
1981 The longest professional baseball game is begun in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The game is suspended at 4:00 the next morning and finally completed on June 23
1983 A suicide bomber destroys the United States embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, killing 63 people
1988 The United States launches Operation Praying Mantis against Iranian naval forces in the largest naval battle since World War II
1992 General Abdul Rashid Dostum revolts against President Mohammad Najibullah of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and allies with Ahmed Shah Massoud to capture Kabul
1996 In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces shell the United Nations compound at Quana where more than 800 civilians had taken refuge
2007 The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5–4 decision
2007 A series of bombings, two of them being suicides, occur in Baghdad, killing 198 and injuring 251
2013 A suicide bombing in a Baghdad cafe kills 27 people and injures another 65
2014 16 people are killed in an avalanche on Mount Everest