April 19 in history

April 19 events chronologically

65 The freedman Milichus betrayed Piso's plot to kill the Emperor Nero and all the conspirators are arrested
531 Battle of Callinicum: A Byzantine army under Belisarius is defeated by the Persian at Ar-Raqqah (northern Syria)
1012 Martyrdom of Ælfheah in Greenwich, London
1529 Beginning of the Protestant Reformation: After the Second Diet of Speyer bans Lutheranism, a group of rulers (German: Fürst) and independent cities (German: Reichsstadt) protests the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms
1539 Charles V and Protestants signs Treaty of Frankfurt
1677 The French army captures the town of Cambrai held by Spanish troops
1713 With no living male heirs, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, issues the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 to ensure that Habsburg lands and the Austrian throne would be inherited by his daughter, Maria Theresa of Austria (not actually born until 1717)

Top 7 most famous people born on April 19

1912 Glenn T. Seaborg an American chemist whose involvement in the synthesis, discovery and investigation of ten transuranium elements earned him a share of the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. His work in this area also led to his development of the actinide concept and the arrangement of the actinide series in the periodic table of the elements
1933 Jayne Mansfield an American actress in film, theatre, and television. She was also a nightclub entertainer, a singer, and one of the early Playboy Playmates. She was a major Hollywood sex symbol of the 1950s and early 1960s and 20th Century Fox's alternative to Marilyn Monroe who came to be known as the "Working Man's Monroe". She was also known for her well-publicized personal life and publicity stunts, such as wardrobe malfunctions. She was one of Hollywood's original blonde bombshells, and, although many people have never seen her movies, Mansfield remains one of the most recognizable icons of 1950s celebrity culture
1937 Joseph Estrada a Filipino politician, currently the Mayor of the City of Manila, the country's capital, after the 2013 mid-term elections. Estrada previously served as the 13th President of the Philippines from 1998 until 2001 when he was removed from office. Estrada was the first person in the present Fifth Republican period to be elected both President and Vice-President
1972 Rivaldo a former Brazilian professional footballer and the current president of Mogi Mirim Esporte Clube in Brazil. He played mainly as a free playmaking attacking midfielder and sometimes as a second striker. Although primarily left footed, he was capable of playing on either flank, and was on occasion deployed as a wide midfielder or as a winger, also due to his pace, technique, vision, and crossing ability
1978 James Franco an American actor, filmmaker, teacher, and author.
1987 Maria Sharapova a Russian professional tennis player who as of October 6, 2014 is ranked world 2 by the Women's Tennis Association and is the top Russian player. A United States resident since 1994, Sharapova has won 33 WTA singles titles, including five Grand Slam singles titles. She has also won the year-end WTA Tour Championships in 2004. The WTA has ranked Sharapova world 1 in singles on five separate occasions, for a total of 21 weeks. She became the world 1 for the first time on August 22, 2005, and last held the ranking for the fifth time for four weeks from June 11, 2012 to July 8, 2012. She has been in nine Grand Slam finals with a record of 5–4 with her most recent Grand Slam coming at the 2014 French Open where she won her second French Open title and fifth Grand Slam title overall
1987 Joe Hart an English professional footballer who plays for Manchester City and the England national team as a goalkeeper.

Top 7 most famous people died on April 19

1824 Lord Byron an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and the short lyric She Walks in Beauty
1881 Benjamin Disraeli a British Conservative politician, writer and aristocrat who twice served as Prime Minister. He played a central role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party, defining its policies and its broad outreach. Disraeli is remembered for his influential voice in world affairs, his political battles with the Liberal leader William Ewart Gladstone, and his one-nation conservatism or "Tory democracy". He made the Conservatives the party most identified with the glory and power of the British Empire. He is as of 2014 the only British Prime Minister of Jewish birth
1882 Charles Darwin an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding
1906 Pierre Curie a French physicist, a pioneer in crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectricity and radioactivity. In 1903 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics with his wife, Marie Skłodowska-Curie, and Henri Becquerel, "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel"
1914 Charles Sanders Peirce an American philosopher, logician, mathematician, and scientist, sometimes known as "the father of pragmatism". He was educated as a chemist and employed as a scientist for 30 years. Today he is appreciated largely for his contributions to logic, mathematics, philosophy, scientific methodology, and semiotics, and for his founding of pragmatism
1967 Konrad Adenauer a German statesman. As the first post-war Chancellor of Germany from 1949 to 1963, he led his country from the ruins of World War II to a productive and prosperous nation that forged close relations with old enemy France, the United Kingdom and the United States. During his years in power Germany achieved democracy, stability, international respect and economic prosperity. He was the first leader of the Christian Democratic Union , a Christian Democratic party that under his leadership became, and has since usually been one of the most powerful parties in the country
2013 Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev Anzorovich "Jahar" Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Anzorovich Tsarnaev are two Chechen brothers suspected of perpetrating the Boston Marathon bombings on April 15, 2013. The bombings killed three people and reportedly injured as many as 264 others