Born on April 19

626 Eanflæd a Kentish princess, queen of Northumbria and later, the abbess of an influential Christian monastery in Whitby, England. She was the daughter of King Edwin of Northumbria and Æthelburg, who in turn was the daughter of King Æthelberht of Kent. In or shortly after 642 Eanflæd became the second wife of King Oswiu of Northumbria. After Oswiu's death in 670, she retired to Whitby Abbey, which had been founded by Hilda of Whitby. Eanflæd became the abbess around 680 and remained there until her death. The monastery had strong association with members of the Northumbrian royal family and played an important role in the establishment of Roman Christianity in England during that historical period
1452 Frederick of Naples the last King of Naples of the Neapolitan branch of the House of Trastámara, ruling from 1496 to 1501. He was the second son of Ferdinand I, younger brother of Alfonso II, and uncle of Ferdinand II, his predecessor
1483 Paolo Giovio an Italian physician, historian, biographer, and prelate.
1603 Michel Le Tellier a French statesman.
1613 Christoph Bach (musician) a German musician of the Baroque period. He was the grandfather of Johann Sebastian Bach
1658 Johann Wilhelm Elector Palatine Elector Palatine , Duke Palatine of Neuburg/Danube , Duke of Jülich and Berg , and Duke of Upper Palatinate and Cham. From 1697 onwards Johann Wilhelm was also Count of Megen
1660 Sebastián Durón a Spanish composer.
1665 Jacques Lelong born at Paris.
1686 Vasily Tatishchev a prominent Russian statesman, and ethnographer, best remembered as the author of the first full-scale Russian history. Throughout this work, he advocates his favourite idea that autocracy is the perfect form of government for Russia
1688 Ernest Augustus I Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Weimar and, from 1741, of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
1695 Georg Albrecht of Saxe-Weissenfels Count of Barby a German prince of the House of Wettin and the last count of Barby.
1715 James Nares an English composer of mostly sacred vocal works, though he also composed for the harpsichord and organ.
1721 Roger Sherman an early American lawyer and politician, as well as a Founding Father of the United States. He served as the first mayor of New Haven, Connecticut, and served on the Committee of Five that drafted the Declaration of Independence, and was also a representative and senator in the new republic. He was the only person to sign all four great state papers of the U.S.: the Continental Association, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. Thomas Jefferson said of him: "That is Sherman, of Connecticut, a man who never said a foolish thing in his life."
1752 Friederike Brion a parson's daughter who had a short, but intense love-affair with the young Johann Wolfgang Goethe.
1757 Edward Pellew 1st Viscount Exmouth a British naval officer. He fought during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. His younger brother, Israel Pellew, also pursued a naval career
1758 William Carnegie 7th Earl of Northesk born at Bruntsfield in Edinburgh to Admiral George Carnegie, 6th Earl of Northesk and Anne Melville.
1759 August Wilhelm Iffland a German actor and dramatic author.
1764 Anselmo de la Cruz a Chilean political figure. He served several times as minister, and participated actively in the war of independence in that country
1767 Adrian Hardy Haworth an English entomologist, botanist and carcinologist.
1773 Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez an insurgent and supporter of the Mexican War of Independence, which fought for independence against Spain, in the early 19th century. She was married to Miguel Domínguez, corregidor of the city of Querétaro, hence her nickname
1773 Nikolay Ivanovich Demidov a Russian General of Infantry, Adjutant-General and senator.
1774 Friedrich Wilhelm Riemer a German scholar and literary historian. He worked in the households of Wilhelm von Humboldt and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
1785 Alexandre Pierre François Boëly a French composer, organist, and pianist. Born into a family of musicians, Boëly received his first music lessons from his father, Jean François, who was a countertenor at the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris and a composer and harp teacher at the court of Versailles. He also studied under the Tyrolian pianist Ignaz Ladurner, who introduced him to the work of Bach and Haydn, which Boëly would champion in his adult career. Besides mastering the piano and organ, Boëly was also a talented violist
1787 Deaf Smith an American frontiersman noted for his part in the Texas Revolution and the army of the Republic of Texas. He fought at the Grass Fight and the Battle of San Jacinto. After the war, Deaf Smith led a company of Texas Rangers
1793 Ferdinand I of Austria Emperor of Austria, President of the German Confederation, King of Hungary and Bohemia , as well as associated dominions from the death of his father on 2 March 1835, until his abdication after the Revolutions of 1848.
1795 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg one of the most famous and productive scientists of his time.
1798 Franz Joseph Glæser a Czech/Danish composer.
1799 Wojciech Jastrzębowski a Polish scientist, naturalist and inventor, professor of botanic, physics, zoology and horticulture at Instytut Rolniczo-Leśny in Marymont in Warsaw. He was one of the fathers of ergonomics
1800 Charles Philipon Born in Lyon, he was a French lithographer, caricaturist and journalist. He was the editor of the La Caricature and of Le Charivari, both satirical political journals
1801 Gustav Fechner a German philosopher, physicist and experimental psychologist. An early pioneer in experimental psychology and founder of psychophysics, he inspired many 20th century scientists and philosophers. He is also credited with demonstrating the non-linear relationship between psychological sensation and the physical intensity of a stimulus via the formula: , which became known as the Weber–Fechner law
1812 Joachim Marquardt a German historian and writer on Roman antiquities.
1814 Louis Amédée Achard a prolific French novelist.
1815 Daniel Bashiel Warner served as the 3rd President of Liberia from 1864 to 1868. Prior to this, he served as the 5th Vice President of Liberia under President Stephen Allen Benson from 1860 to 1864, and as the 3rd Secretary of State in the cabinet of Joseph Jenkins Roberts from 1854 to 1856
1824 Otto Roquette a German author.
1826 Franciszek Kostrzewski a Polish painter, illustrator and caricaturist.
1830 Hermógenes López a Venezuelan soldier, farmer and acting president of his country between 1887 and 1888, after the resignation of General Antonio Guzmán Blanco as cause of his voluntary exile in Paris.
1832 Lucretia Garfield First Lady of the United States in 1881.
1832 José Echegaray a Spanish civil engineer, mathematician, statesman, and one of the leading Spanish dramatists of the last quarter of the 19th century. He was awarded the 1904 Nobel Prize for Literature "in recognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama"
1834 Grigoriy Myasoyedov a Russian Realist painter.
1835 Julius Krohn a Finnish folk poetry researcher, professor of Finnish literature, poet, hymn writer, translator and journalist. He was born in Viipuri and was of Baltic German origin. Krohn worked as a lecturer on Finnish language in Helsinki University from the year 1875 and as a supernumerary professor from 1885. He was one of the most notable researchers into Finnish folk poetry in the 19th century. His native language was German
1835 Hermann Landois a German zoologist. He was the brother of physiologist Leonard Landois
1836 Augustus D. Juilliard an American businessman whose philanthropy built the renowned conservatory of dance, music, and theatre in New York City that bears his name, The Juilliard School.
1836 Gustav Tschermak von Seysenegg an Austrian mineralogist.
1837 Wilhelm Hasenclever a German politician. He was an originally a tanner by trade, and later became a journalist and author. However, he is most well known for his political work in the predecessors of the Social Democratic Party of Germany
1837 Nikolai Blagoveshchensky a Russian writer and journalist.
1839 Philippe Édouard Léon Van Tieghem a French botanist born in Baillleul in the département of Nord.
1840 Edward Delmar Morgan an English explorer, translator and author.
1845 Mikhail Nikolayevich Muravyov a Russian statesman who advocated transferring the attention of Russian foreign policy from Europe to the Far East. He is probably best remembered for having initiated the Hague Peace Conference
1846 Emily Woodruff an American archer who was a member of the American squad that won the team round gold medals at the 1904 Summer Olympics. Her husband, Charles Woodruff, also competed in the 1904 Olympics
1849 Eva Gonzalès a French Impressionist painter.